Albania–Israel relations

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Albania–Israel relations
Map indicating locations of Albania and Israel

Albania

Israel

Albania–Israel relations Albania—Portugal relations (Albanian: Marrëdhëniet Shqiptaro-Portugeze; Hebrew: יחסי אלבניה-ישראל‎‎) refer to the current, cultural and historical relations of Albania and Israel. Albania has an embassy in Tel Aviv and Israel has an embassy in Tirana.[1] Diplomatic relations between the countries were established on August 20, 1991.

Albania has recognized Israel as a state since 1949.[2]

History[edit]

Albania was the only European country occupied by the Axis powers of World War II that ended World War II with a larger Jewish population than before the War.[3][4][5]

Not only did the Albanians protect their own Jews, but they provided refuge for Jews from neighboring countries.[6] The Albanians refused to comply and hand over lists of Jews. Instead they provided the Jewish families with forged documents and helped them disperse in the Albanian population.[7] Some 1,200 Jewish residents and refugees from other Balkan countries were hidden by Albanian families during World War II, according to official records.[8]

In 1999, Israel took in Kosovar Albanian refugees from the Kosovo War, providing them with medical care, food and accommodation.[9]

Righteous Among the Nations[edit]

Ambassadors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://embassy.goabroad.com/embassies-of/albania#3667
  2. ^ Albania and Israel in Accord To Establish Diplomatic Ties - New York Times
  3. ^ Sarner. Rescue in Albania: One Hundred Percent of Jews in Albania Rescued from the Holocaust, 1997.
  4. ^ "Muslim Family Who Hid 26 Jews in Albania from the Nazis Honored by ADL" [Anti-Defamation League|http://www.adl.org/PresRele/HolNa_52/4963_52.htm]
  5. ^ Escape Through the Balkans: the Autobiography of Irene Grunbaum (University of Nebraska Press, 1996)
  6. ^ Jews had a 100% survival rate in Albania during the one year Nazi occupation:City-Journal.org/[1] Archived January 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ ["What's New at Yad Vashem"|http://www1.yadvashem.org/about_yad/what_new/gershman/temp_index_whats_new_Gershman.html] yadvashem.org. Retrieved on 2009-01-02.
  8. ^ Israeli Historians Study How Albanian Jews Escaped Holocaust
  9. ^ Israeli aid around world disasters

External links[edit]