The countries are as well members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). As a European Union (EU) founder and member, the Netherlands supports Albania in its euro-integration path.
Albania declared independence from the Ottoman Empire in November 1912, during the First Balkan War. The leading European powers of the time recognised Albania's independence at the 1913 London Peace Conference, where it was decided that the Dutch would take responsibility for internal security. This led to the Netherlands deploying military personnel to help set up the gendarmerie of the Provisional Government of Albania.
In 1946, the Netherlands called upon the United Nations Security Council to bring to a halt incidents along the northern border of Greece, involving the Socialist People's Republic of Albania, Yugoslavia, Greece and Bulgaria.
The Socialist People's Republic of Albania started their diplomatic relations with the Netherlands, and eight other Western European countries, in 1970.
In the early 1990s the socialist regime collapsed, and while Albania turned to democracy they had no previous experience of implementing it. This led to several years of social and political instability. The Netherlands was able to assist Albania by starting a skills building program in 1999. Groups of Albanian politicians and officials, from both national and local level, would attend the Hague for workshops with their Dutch peers where they discussed the practice of good governance and administration within the democratic framework.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-25. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
- Gililian Gloyer (2008). Albania. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-84162-246-0.
- Staff (September 19, 1946). "Holland would end incidents". The News and Courier. p. 1. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Gregory, Gene (April 27, 1971). "Maoist Albania Desires Better Western Relations". Merced Sun-Star. p. 24. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Fatos Tarifa (2006). To Albania with Love. University Press of America. pp. 37–40 , 112.