Albania–United Kingdom relations

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Albanian–British relations
Map indicating locations of Albania and United Kingdom

Albania

United Kingdom
Diplomatic mission
Embassy of Albania LondonEmbassy of Britain Tirana

Albania – United Kingdom relations refer to the current and historical relations of Albania and United Kingdom. Albania has an embassy in London, and the United Kingdom has an embassy in Tirana. Diplomatic relations were established first in 1922, interrupted in 1939 for 51 years, to be re-established in 29 May 1991.[1]

The countries are both members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). As a European Union (EU) member, the United Kingdom supports Albania in its euro-integration path.[2]

Missions[edit]

The Embassy of the United Kingdom to Albania is situated on the Rruga Skenderbeg in Tirana. Duncan Norman is the ambassador.[3] The Embassy of Albania to the United Kingdom is situated on St. George's Drive in the City of Westminster in London. Qirjako Qirko is Albania's ambassador to the United Kingdom, as of November 2018.

Country comparison[edit]

Albania Albania United Kingdom United Kingdom
Population 2,876,591 65,110,000
Area 28,748  km2 242,495  km2
Capital Tirana – 811,649 London – 13,879,757
Largest City
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Official language Albanian English
Main religions 56.70% Islam, 10.02% Catholicism, 6.75% Eastern Orthodoxy, 0.14% Evangelism, 2.5% Atheism, 2.09% Bektashi, 16.30% Other, 5.50% Without domination 59.3% Protestantism Christianity, Roman Catholicism, 25.1% Non-Religious, 7.2% Unstated, 4.8% Islam, 1.5% Hinduism, 0.8% Sikhism, 0.5% Judaism, 0.4% Buddhism
Currency Albanian lek – ALL British pound – GBP
GDP (PPP) $36,198 billion; $11,840 per capita $2,905,392 billion; $42,481 per capita
GDP (nominal) $12,126 billion, $4,203 per capita $2,629,188 billion, $40,096 per capita

Visits[edit]

Guest Host Place of visit Date of visit
Albania Foreign Minister Lulzim Basha United Kingdom Foreign Secretary David Miliband London February 12, 2008
United Kingdom Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond Albania Prime Minister Edi Rama Tirana November 18, 2015[4]

Cooperation[edit]

The militaries of Albania and the United Kingdom have cooperated on numerous occasions, including military exercises in 2013 and 2014. The 2013 Albanian Lion exercise involved nearly 1,000 Royal Marines and HMS Bulwark.[5] The 2014 Albanian Lion exercise saw 600 Royal Marines visit Albania.[6]

In 2016, around 1,500 military personnel from the United Kingdom joined Albanian forces for Exercise Albanian Lion.[7]

Dates Treaty
March 30
1994
Agreement for the Promotion and Protection of Investments, Co-operation in the Field of Tourism, Air Services and Education, Science and Culture[8]
October 14
2003
Agreement on the Readmission of Persons, with Protocol
March 26
2013
Agreement on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons and for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on Capital

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ambasadat.gov.al/united-kingdom/en/bilateral-relations
  2. ^ "UK supports Albania in EU, but the reforms should be irreversible". gov.uk. 6 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Albania, Tirana, British Embassy". FCO. Archived from the original on 14 September 2008. Retrieved 27 August 2008.
  4. ^ "Albania – United Kingdom, excellent relationship". kryeministria.al. 18 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Royal Marines begin exercise Albanian Lion". UK Ministry of Defence. 28 August 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Royal Marines launch final assualt [sic] on exercise Albanian Lion". UK Ministry of Defence. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  7. ^ "1,500 UK maritime forces take part in exercise with Albania". royalnavy.mod.uk. 10 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Bilateral Relations". ambasadat.gov.al.