|Albanian State Police
Policia e Shtetit Shqiptar
Patch of the State Police.
|Formed||8 July, 1991|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Governing body||Government of Albania|
|Constituting instrument||Law on "State Police"|
|Overviewed by||Ministry of Internal Affairs|
|Headquarters||Bajram Curri Boulevard, Tirana|
|Minister responsible||Fatmir Xhafaj, Minister|
|Agency executive||Haki Çako|
The Albanian State Police (Albanian: Policia e Shtetit) is the national police and law enforcement agency which operates throughout the Republic of Albania. The collapse of the Communist system and the establishment of political pluralism post-1991 brought important changes to the structure of the Albanian Police. The Ministry of Public Order and the General Directorate of Police was established in April 1991, and the new law of July 1991 established the Public Order Police. Nearly 80% of police manpower, i.e. personnel who had served under the previous system, were replaced by new recruits. On November 4, 1991, the Albanian Police was accepted as a member of Interpol. The emergency number is 129.
The crisis of 1997
Following the collapse of the Albanian economy in January–February 1997 in the wake of the implosion of the Ponzi pyramid banking schemes promoted by the government, increasing insurgency in early March led to the Police and Republican Guard deserting en masse because it became clear they were unlikely to be paid, leaving their armouries unlocked, which were promptly looted by parties unknown, believed to mostly have been the local crime bodies and self-appointed militias: many of the weapons eventually surfaced in the ethnic fighting in Kosovo.
The resulting anarchy led a number of nations to use military forces to evacuate citizens, culminating in the UN authorising Operation Alba ("Daybreak"), a short-term military stabilisation force led by the Italian Army, tasked with facilitating the repatriation of foreigners and laying the foundations for another International Organisation to undertake the longer-term restabilisation. The political debate eventually settled in Europe within the body responsible for the defence diplomatic coordination of the Continent, the Council of the Western European Union. In a 2-hour meeting which convened at 1400 hrs on 2 May 1997, the WEU Council decided on the immediate establishment of the Multinational Advisory Police Element, sending a pathfinder officer, a Norwegian Police Colonel, the same evening. The Italian force in Operation Alba predicated the Command structure of MAPE passing into the Italian Carabinieri, General Pietro Pistolese, previously commanding the Genoa region, bringing his team with him. Four phases followed, assessment, reconstruction, support of the Albanian Police control during the Kosovo Crisis, and finally build-down and handback in early 2001, which was somewhat accelerated ahead of the transfer of the WEU's operational responsibilities to the Council of the EU on 30 June 2001. The reconstruction principally involved the reconstruction of the Judicial system and the training of Police, but the Finance section also accommodated economic specialists acting as the principal feedback into the correction of the Judicial system. The Command Team later formed the core of the European Union Border Assistance Mission Rafah from 2005 onwards.
According to a survey produced in 2009 for the United States Agency for International Development Albanian's perception of the police was as follows:
- On a scale of 0-100 with 0 being Very Honest and 100 being Very Corrupt, Policemen were given a score of 63.1 points
- When asked to what extent the police help to fight corruption, 0 being Not at All and 100 being Helps a Lot, the Police were given a score of 45.5
- When asked about trust in institutions, 0 being No Trust at All and 100 being Trust a Lot, the Police were given a score of 47.8
- When asked if during the previous year they had been asked for a bribe 7.8% said Yes
- "When asked how they were treated by the police, the proportion of respondents that replied "Poorly" or "Very poorly" was 26.6%, a decrease of 10.9 percentage points from 37.5% in 2005"
Given that this was within eight years of the departure of the MAPE rebuilding mission, great concern must be expressed about the capacity of the police force to maintain the legal norms required of an aspirant EU State.
Modernization and the Future
In 2014, the Ministry of Internal Affairs started a modernization process of the Albanian police, to modernize it's equipment and methods. The first step was the acquisition of new police vans and cruisers, the next one was the installment of body cameras on police officers to improve their service and to be analysed after an operation. Uniforms of the every uniformed department of the Albanian police were overhauled and the logo was changed also.
Several operations were held from the years 2014 to 2016, in various criminally active regions of Albania (i.e. Lazarat) to restore confidence and belief of the Albanian public to support the actions of police. Body cameras are becoming an integral part of the Albanian police, used on various drug busts and high-profile operations, released afterwards to the public
Starting 2015, the Albanian State Police will begin to reorganize, a project which is expected to continue for several years. The Albanian police will implement a new hierarchical structure composed of nine hierarchic ranks.
|Rank insignia of the Albanian State Police|
Drejtues i Lartë
Drejtues i Parë
|Policia e Rendit
The Order Police is tasked to deal with issues of public order.
The Border Police is in charge of patrolling the border.
The Road Police administers road safety.
|Forcat e Ndërhyrjes së Shpejtë
The Rapid Intervention Force is the quick intervention unit dealing mostly with cases of violent riots,special operations.
The Eagles are a rapid intervention unit that handles domestic criminal activities.
The Department of Neutralization of Armed Elements is the main counter-terrorism and critical incident response unit.
- Glock 34
- Beretta 92
- Beretta PX4 Storm
- Beretta ARX 160
- Heckler & Koch MP5
- Heckler & Koch MP7
- Sako TRG M10
- "Rriten pagat për 93 % të punonjësve të Policisë së Shtetit". www.punetebrendshme.gov.al.
- Gilaj, Bledi (5 September 2015). "Policia rrit me 21% numrin e punonjësve - Gazeta SHQIP Online".
- "Albanian Telegraphic Agency (ATA), 98-01-11". www.hri.org.
- "Collapse of the Ponzi schemes 1997". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
- Albanian Rebellion of 1997#Opening of the depots
- Operation Silver Wake
- Operation Libelle
- "NL MOD History of MAPE". Dutch Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
- "Corruption in Albania 2009 - Summary of Findings". Institute for Development Research and Alternatives. Archived from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- Republic of, Albania. "Modernizimi i Policisë së Shtetit". www.punetebrendshme.gov.al. Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- Law on State Police, Albania (2014). Ranks of Albanian police (PDF). Albania: Ministry of Internal Affairs. p. 22.
- Albanian State Police insignia, Albania (2016). Ranks insignia of the Albanian police officers (PDF). Albania: General Directorate of State Police. pp. 5–14; 53. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- Law enforcement in Albania other law enforcements agencies in the country
- Sigurimi the former secret police force
- RENEA special intervention unit
- Shqiponjat (police unit) elite unit of the Albanian police
- General Directorate of Civil Emergencies