Albanian Superliga

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Albanian Superliga
Logo of the Albanian Superliga
Country Albania
Confederation UEFA
Founded 6 June 1930
Number of teams 10
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to First Division
Domestic cup(s) Albanian Cup
Albanian Supercup
International cup(s) Champions League
Europa League
Current champions Skënderbeu Korçë (7th title)
(2016–17)
Most championships KF Tirana (24 titles)
Top goalscorer Vioresin Sinani (208 goals)
TV partners TVSH
SuperSport
Website Official
2015–16 Albanian Superliga

The Albanian Superliga (Albanian: Kategoria Superiore), is a professional league for men's association football clubs. At the top of the Albanian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Currently contested by 10 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Albanian First Division. Seasons currently run from August to May, with teams playing 36 matches each (playing each team in the league four times, twice at home and twice away).

The competition was originally founded in 1930 as the Albanian National Championship during the reign of King Zog, shortly after the creation of the Albanian Football Association. Since 1930, 43 clubs have competed in officially recognized competitions, while only 8 clubs have won the title: KF Tirana (24), Dinamo Tirana (18), Partizani Tirana (15), Vllaznia Shkodër (9), Skënderbeu Korçë (7), KF Elbasani (1), Flamurtari Vlorë (1) and Teuta Durrës (1). The current champions are Skënderbeu Korçë, who won their 6th consecutive title in 2015–16.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Football was first introduced to Albania by an English-Maltese priest named Gut Ruter, who visited the Saverian college in Shkodër in 1908. Arguably, the first football club in Albania was Indipendenca, and it was founded in Shkodër in 1912 by Palokë Nika.[1] The first 90-minute game to be played with two 45 minute halves took place in October 1913 Indipendenca Shkodër and the occupying Austro-Hungarian Imperial Navy. The game is considered to be the first international game to be played in Albania, and it ended in a 2–1 loss for Indipendenca, with the captain and founder of the club Palokë Nika scoring the only goal for the Albanians.[1][2]

The First Division in Albanian football was founded in 1930. The league has been dominated by clubs from Albania's capital city, Tirana, with only nineteen titles going elsewhere in the country. Nine of those nineteen titles have gone to Vllaznia Shkodër.[citation needed]

Albania 1st Football Tournament of 1911[edit]

It was claimed in the press in 2012 that a championship was played in 1911.[3]

Championships of World War II[edit]

Albania was among countries that played football during that period, even though in a limited way. Along this period, AFA organized three championships, 1939, 1940 and 1942.[4][5]

The AFA made a decision in February 2013 that the wartime championships are not legitimate and won't be recognized since they weren't organized by the AFA.[6]

Current competition format[edit]

There are 10 clubs in the Superior League. During the course of the season (from August to May) each club plays the others 4 times, twice at their home stadium and twice at that of their opponents, for a total of 36 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head record, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points are crowned champions. If points are equal, the head-to head record and then goal difference determine the winner. The two lowest placed teams are relegated to the Albanian First Division and the top two teams from there are promoted in their place.[citation needed]

Qualification for European competitions[edit]

As of the start of the 2013–14 Albanian Superliga season, qualification for European competitions is as follows: champions qualify for the 2nd qualifying round of the Champions League, second and third place qualifies for the 1st qualifying round of the Europa League. The Albanian Cup winners qualify for the 1st qualifying round of the Europa League.[citation needed]

2015–16 Albanian Superliga Clubs[edit]

The following teams are competing in the Superliga during the 2015–16 season.[8]

Club Position
in
2014–15
season[9]
Byllis Balsh (R) 011Promoted from Liga e parë[10]
Flamurtari Vlorë 0046th
Kukësi 0012nd
Laçi 0115th
Partizani Tirana 0073rd
Skënderbeu Korçë 0021st
Tërbuni Pukë (R) 021Promoted from Liga e parë[10]
Teuta Durrës 0038th
Tirana 0134th
Vllaznia Shkodër 0107th

List of seasons[edit]

A list of champions, runners-up and top scorers is provided below:[11][12][13]

Seasons Champions Runners-up[12] Top scorers[14] Goals
1930 SK Tirana Skënderbeu Korçë
1931 SK Tirana Teuta Durrës Teli Samsuri (KF Skënderbeu) 9
1932 SK Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër
1933 Skënderbeu Korçë Vllaznia Shkodër Servet Tefik Agai (KF Skënderbeu) 7
1934 SK Tirana Skënderbeu Korçë Mark Gurashi (SK Tirana) 12
1935
Not Held
1936 SK Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Riza Lushta (SK Tirana) 11
1937 SK Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Riza Lushta (SK Tirana) 25
1938
Not Held
1939 SK Tirana (unofficial tournament)
1940 Vllaznia Shkodër (unofficial tournament)
1941
Not Held
1942 SK Tirana (unofficial tournament)
1943
Not Held
1944
Not Held
1945 Vllaznia Shkodër SK Tirana Loro Boriçi (Vllaznia) 11
1946 Vllaznia Shkodër Flamurtari Vlorë Xhevdet Shaqiri (Vllaznia) 11
1947 Partizani Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Hamdi Bakalli (Partizani) 7
1948 Partizani Tirana Flamurtari Vlorë Tish Daija (Flamurtari) / Zihni Gjinali (Partizani) 11
1949 Partizani Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Zihni Gjinali (Partizani) 14
1950 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) ?
1951 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 59
1952 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 17
1953 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 9
1954 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 13
1955 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) / Skënder Jareci (Dinamo) 23
1956 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 17
1957 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Niko Bespalla (Teuta) 15
1958 Partizani Tirana Besa Kavajë Skënder Jareci (Dinamo) 14
1959 Partizani Tirana SK Tirana Stavri Lubonja (Dinamo) 11
1960 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Skënder Jareci (Dinamo) 16
1961 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Panajot Pano (Partizani) 17
1962–63 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Robert Jashari (Partizani) 18
1963–64 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Robert Jashari (Partizani) 9
1964–65 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Robert Jashari (Partizani) 14
1965–66 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Sajmir Dauti (Dinamo) 13
1966–67 Dinamo Tirana KF Tirana Medin Zhega (Dinamo) 19
1968 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Skënder Hyka (KF Tirana) 19
1969–70 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Panajot Pano (Partizani) 17
1970–71 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 19
1971–72 Vllaznia Shkodër KF Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 17
1972–73 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 12
1973–74 Vllaznia Shkodër Partizani Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 19
1974–75 Dinamo Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 17
1975–76 Dinamo Tirana KF Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 18
1976–77 Dinamo Tirana Skënderbeu Korçë Agim Murati (Partizani) 12
1977–78 Vllaznia Shkodër Luftëtari Gjirokastër Agim Murati (Partizani) 14
1978–79 Partizani Tirana KF Tirana Agim Murati (Partizani) / Petrit Dibra (KF Tirana) 14
1979–80 Dinamo Tirana KF Tirana Përparim Kovaçi (Tomori) 18
1980–81 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Dashnor Bajaziti (Besa) 12
1981–82 KF Tirana Flamurtari Vlorë Vasil Ruci (Flamurtari) 12
1982–83 Vllaznia Shkodër Partizani Tirana Dashnor Bajaziti (Besa) 16
1983–84 Elbasani KF Tirana Vasil Ruci (Flamurtari) 12
1984–85 17 Nëntori Dinamo Tirana Faslli Fakja (Vllaznia) / Arben Minga (KF Tirana) 13
1985–86 Dinamo Tirana Flamurtari Vlorë Kujtim Majaci (Apolonia) 20
1986–87 Partizani Tirana Flamurtari Vlorë Arben Arbëri (Tomori) 14
1987–88 17 Nëntori Flamurtari Vlorë Agustin Kola (KF Tirana) 18
1988–89 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Agustin Kola (KF Tirana) 19
1989–90 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Kujtim Majaci (Apolonia) 19
1990–91 Flamurtari Vlorë Partizani Tirana Kliton Bozgo (Tomori) 29
1991–92 Vllaznia Shkodër Partizani Tirana Edmir Bilali (Vllaznia) 21
1992–93 Partizani Tirana Teuta Durrës Edmond Dosti (Partizani) 20
1993–94 Teuta Durrës KF Tirana Edi Martini (Vllaznia) 14
1994–95 KF Tirana Teuta Durrës Arben Shehu (Luftëtari) 21
1995–96 KF Tirana Teuta Durrës Altin Çuko (Tomori) & (Laçi) 21
1996–97 KF Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Viktor Paço (Flamurtari) 14
1997–98 Vllaznia Shkodër KF Tirana Dorian Bubeqi (Shkumbini) 26
1998–99 KF Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Artan Bano (KS Lushnja) 22
1999–00 KF Tirana Tomori Berat Klodian Arbëri (Tomori) 18
2000–01 Vllaznia Shkodër KF Tirana Indrit Fortuzi (KF Tirana) 31
2001–02 Dinamo Tirana KF Tirana Indrit Fortuzi (KF Tirana) 24
2002–03 KF Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Mahir Halili (KF Tirana) 20
2003–04 KF Tirana Dinamo Tirana Vioresin Sinani (Vllaznia) 36
2004–05 KF Tirana Elbasani Dorian Bylykbashi (Partizani) 24
2005–06 Elbasani KF Tirana Hamdi Salihi (KF Tirana) 29
2006–07 KF Tirana Teuta Durrës Vioresin Sinani (KF Tirana) 23
2007–08 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Vioresin Sinani (Vllaznia) 20
2008–09 KF Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Migen Memelli (KF Tirana) 23
2009–10 Dinamo Tirana Besa Kavajë Daniel Xhafa (Besa) 18
2010–11 Skënderbeu Korçë Flamurtari Vlorë Daniel Xhafa (Flamurtari) 19
2011–12 Skënderbeu Korçë Teuta Durrës Roland Dervishi (Shkumbini) 20
2012–13 Skënderbeu Korçë Kukési Migen Memelli (Flamurtari) 19
2013–14 Skënderbeu Korçë Kukësi Pero Pejić (Skënderbeu) 20
2014–15 Skënderbeu Korçë Kukësi Pero Pejić (FK Kukësi) 31
2015–16 Skënderbeu Korçë Partizani Tirana Hamdi Salihi (Skënderbeu Korçë) 27

Notes:

  • From 1958 to 1991, KF Tirana and KS Elbasani were named respectively 17 Nëntori Tirana and Labinoti Elbasani.

Champions and runner-ups[edit]

A list of clubs in order of most titles won is provided in the following table:[11]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons Ref
KF Tirana
24
13
1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1968, 1969–70, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2008–09
[15]
Dinamo Tirana
18
9
1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1960, 1966–67, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1985–86, 1989–90, 2001–02, 2007–08, 2009–10
[16]
Partizani Tirana
15
20
1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1970–71, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1986–87, 1992–93,
[17]
Vllaznia Shkodër
9
11
1945, 1946, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1977–78, 1982–83, 1991–92, 1997–98, 2000–01
[18]
Skënderbeu Korçë
7
3
1933, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16
[19]
KF Elbasani
2
1
1983–84, 2005–06
[20]
Flamurtari Vlorë
1
7
1990–91
[21]
Teuta Durrës
1
6
1993–94
[22]
FK Kukësi
-
3
KF Besa
-
2
KF Luftëtari
-
1
FK Tomori Berat
-
1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gjergj Kola. "Palokë Nika – personazhi historik i sportit Shqiptar" (in Albanian). Shkodra Sport. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  2. ^ "Një historik i shkurtër i futbollit në Shkodër" (in Albanian). Vllaznia.al. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  3. ^ Sport Ekspres, 14 February 2012, page 7 Archived 26 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ RSSSF
  5. ^ http://www.giovanniarmillotta.it/albania/calcio/trekampionate.html
  6. ^ AFA's General Assembly: War championships are not legitimate Archived 20 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ UEFA Country Ranking 2013 kassiesa.com, accessed 13 July 2013
  8. ^ "Albania Superliga: Summary". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  9. ^ Karel Stokkermans (29 October 2015). "Kategoria Superiore". Albania 2014/15. RSSSF. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  10. ^ a b Karel Stokkermans (29 October 2015). "Liga e parë". Albania 2014/15. RSSSF. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  11. ^ a b http://rsssf.com/tablesa/albachamp.html
  12. ^ a b "Albanian Superliga: Archive". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  13. ^ "Albanian 1st league". 
  14. ^ (Italian)"Albania – I capocannonieri del campionato". Calcio Mondiale Web. [dead link]
  15. ^ "KF Tirana: Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  16. ^ "Dinamo Tirana:Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  17. ^ "Partizani Tirana:Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  18. ^ "Vllaznia Shkodër:Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  19. ^ "Skënderbeu Korçë:Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "KF Elbasani:Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  21. ^ "Flamurtari Vlorë:Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  22. ^ "Teuta Durrës:Trophies". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 

External links[edit]