Albanian parliamentary election, 2001

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Albanian parliamentary election, 2001
Albania
← 1997 24 June 2001 (first round); 8 July 2001 (second round) 2005 →

100 Constituencies and 40 Compensatory seats with National Proportional Representation
71 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Ilir meta.jpg Msc 2006-Saturday, 16.00 - 18.00-Berisha.jpg Genc Pollo.jpg
Leader Ilir Meta Sali Berisha Genc Pollo
Party Socialist Democratic PDR
Leader since 1999 1991 2001
Leader's seat Skrapar Kavajë
Seats before 101 24 seats New
Seats won 73 46 6
Seat change Decrease28 Increase22 Increase6
Popular vote 555,272 494,272 68,181
Percentage 41,4% 36,9% 5,1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Social Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Socialdemokrate e Shqipërisë).jpg Vangjel Dule.jpg Neritan Ceka 2012GE ii.jpg
Leader Skënder Gjinushi Vangjel Dule Neritan Ceka
Party PSD PBDNJ Democratic Alliance
Seats before 9 seats 4 0
Seats won 4 3 3
Seat change Decrease5 Decrease1 Increase3
Popular vote 48,911 34,897 34,262
Percentage 3,7% 2,6% 2,6%

Prime Minister before election

Ilir Meta
Socialist

Elected Prime Minister

Ilir Meta
Democratic

Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

Parliamentary elections were held in Albania on 24 June 2001.[1] The result was a victory for the ruling Socialist Party of Albania, which won 73 of the 140 seats, resulting in Ilir Meta remaining Prime Minister. Voter turnout was 53.6%.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The Assembly of Albania has 140 members of whom 100 are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 40 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system.[3]

Campaign[edit]

President Rexhep Meidani announced on 18 April 2001 that the first round of the elections would be held on 24 June, with the second round on 8 July.[4] The governing Socialist Party had the aim of gaining 60% of the vote, in order to have a sufficient majority to elect a new President in 2002. They campaigned on infrastructure improvements such as communication and transport and on their record in restoring order and economic growth.[5] They were also boosted by achieving the opening of negotiations with the European Union on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement just before the election.[6]

The main opposition party, the Democratic Party of Albania led by ex-President Sali Berisha, had moderated their message after losing the 2000 local elections. They formed a coalition of right wing parties, the Union for Victory Coalition, and said that they were open to dealing with other parties if they won the election.[6] They hoped to make gains due to public concern over corruption and the continuing poverty in Albania.[5]

The campaign was generally peaceful and with no reliable opinion polls most observers expected the ruling Socialists to be re-elected with a smaller majority.[7]

Voting[edit]

First round[edit]

Both main parties initially claimed victory after the first round on the 24 June in which turnout reached about 60%. The governing Socialist party claimed that they won 45 of the 100 seats.[8] Monitors from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) described the election as having made progress towards international democratic standards.[5] However the opposition Democratic party claimed there was widespread intimidation and electoral fraud.[8] Procedural differences led to polling stations being kept closed in Lushnje leading to voting having to be delayed for about 30,000 people.[9] The results of the first round showed that the Socialists won 33 seats as against 17 won by the Democrats.[10]

Second round[edit]

A run-off vote to decide the winner in 51 districts where no candidate won over half the vote in the first round was held on 8 July. Another 40 seats were decided in proportion to the share of the vote each party won.[11]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Constituency Compensatory Total
Socialist Party of Albania 555,272 41.4 73 0 73 -28
Union for Victory Coalition 494,272 36.9 25 21 46 +21
New Democratic Party 68,181 5.1 0 6 6 New
Social Democratic Party of Albania 48,911 3.7 0 4 4 -5
Unity for Human Rights Party 34,897 2.6 0 3 3 -1
Democratic Alliance Party 34,262 2.6 0 3 3 +3
Environmentalist Agrarian Party 34,247 2.6 0 3 3 +3
Democratic Party of Albania 13,867 1.0 0 0 0
Demochristian Party of Albania 12,226 0.9 0 0 0 -2
Social Christian Party of Albania 9,224 0.7 0 0 0 New
Albanian Democratic Union Party 8,123 0.6 0 0 0 New
Independents 2 0 2 -11
Invalid/blank votes 49,310
Total 1,339,987 100 100 40 140 -15
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, Adam Carr

Note that the data is inconsistent and there is a difference of 22,805 between the parties' total and the number of valid votes.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

The constitutional court ruled that voting had to be repeated in eight districts on 22 July and a further two on 29 July.[12] International observers described the elections as a whole as having been free and fair.[13] However the opposition Democrats said they would not accept the results. They described the election as a farce and started a boycott of Parliament.[13] The boycott lasted for six months until January 2002 when Sali Berisha announced that his party was returning to Parliament.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p133 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver p140
  3. ^ "Election Guide". IFES. 
  4. ^ "News from Albania". Central Europe Review. 2001-04-23. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  5. ^ a b c "Socialists claim Albania poll victory". BBC Online. 2001-06-25. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  6. ^ a b "PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN ALBANIA: A MISSION POSSIBLE?!". Alternative Information Network. 2001-06-21. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  7. ^ "Albania goes to the polls". BBC Online. 2001-06-24. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  8. ^ a b Wood, Nicholas (2001-06-26). "Albanian opposition alleges election fraud". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  9. ^ "Violence Mars Albania Vote for Parliament". The New York Times. 2001-06-25. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  10. ^ "Albania urged to accept vote result". BBC Online. 2001-07-08. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  11. ^ "Albanian opposition condemns 'ballot fixing'". BBC Online. 2001-07-08. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  12. ^ "Electoral Marathon". Transitions Online. 2001-07-23. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  13. ^ a b "Albanian opposition attacks election ' farce'". BBC Online. 2001-07-30. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  14. ^ "As Split of Albania Socialists Worsens, Prime Minister Quits". The New York Times. 2002-01-30. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 

External links[edit]