Albatros B.I

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B.I
Albatros B.I paper model.JPG
Paper model of an Albatros B.I(Ph)
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Albatros Flugzeugwerke
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte

The Albatros B.I, (post-war company designation L.1) was a German military reconnaissance aircraft designed in 1913 and which saw service during World War I.[1]

Design and development[edit]

The B.I was a two-seat biplane of conventional configuration that seated the observer and the pilot in separate cockpits in tandem. The wings were originally of three-bay design, but were later changed to a two-bay, unstaggered configuration. A floatplane version was developed as the Albatros W.I.

Variants[edit]

B.I
German production aircraft for the Luftstreitkräfte
Phönix 20.01
First prototype for Austrian production.[2]
Phönix 20.02
second prototype for Austrian production.
B.I(Ph) series 21
Production by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke AG at Vienna for the Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops.
B.I(Ph) series 24
Production by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke AG at Vienna for the Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops.
B.I(Ph) series 25
Production by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke AG at Vienna, with the KNV (Knoller Verspannung) for the Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops; 48 ordered, reduced to 16 due to delays and persistent problems.

Operational history[edit]

The B.Is were withdrawn from front line service in 1915 but some examples served as trainers for the remainder of the war.

Operators[edit]

 Austria-Hungary
 Bulgaria
 German Empire
 Netherlands
 Poland
 Turkey

Survivors[edit]

Phönix 20.01:Prototype for Austrian production of the Albatros B.I(Ph)

The Phönix 20.01, prototype for Austrian production of the Albatros B.I(Ph), is preserved at the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum in Vienna.

Specifications (B.I)[edit]

Data from German aircraft of the First World War[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 8.57 m (28 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.48 m (47 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
  • Empty weight: 747 kg (1,647 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,080 kg (2,381 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.I 6-cylinder water-cooled in-line piston engine, 75 kW (100 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch wooden propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 105 km/h (65 mph, 57 kn)
  • Range: 650 km (400 mi, 350 nmi)
  • Endurance: ca 4 hours
  • Time to altitude: 800 m (2,625 ft) in 10 minutes

See also[edit]

Related development Albatros B.II - Albatros B.III - Albatros C.III - Lebed XI - Lebed XII Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 51.
  2. ^ Treadwell, Terry C. (2010). German & Austro-Hungarian aircraft manufacturers 1908–1918. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. pp. 236–244. ISBN 978-1-4456-0102-1.
  3. ^ Gray, Peter; Owen Thetford (1970). German aircraft of the First World War (2nd ed.). London: Putnam. p. 252. ISBN 0-370-00103-6.