|Saint Albert Avogadro|
Albert Avogadro. Madonna del Carmine, Milan.
|Patriarch of Jerusalem|
|Died||14 September 1214
Akko (Acre), Palestine
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
Born at Castel Gualtieri, Italy, Albert was educated in theology and law. He entered the Canons Regular of the Holy Cross at Mortara and was elected Prior in 1180. He became Bishop of Bobbio in 1184, and a year later was appointed Bishop of Vercelli. He served the Papacy as a mediator and diplomat between Pope Clement III and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. He served as papal legate in 1199 and helped end the war between Parma and Piacenza, Italy.
In 1205 he was made Patriarch of Jerusalem by Pope Innocent III, whom he also served as papal legate in the Holy Land. As Patriarch he helped found the Carmelite Order around 1209, in particular by his composition of what came to be called the Carmelite Rule of St. Albert. This order was based on Mount Carmel, across the Bay of Haifa from Acre where he resided as Patriarch. Additionally he mediated in disputes between the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Cyprus and between the Knights Templar and the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.
In 1214 he had been invited to the Fourth Lateran Council, but the Master of the Hospital of the Holy Spirit, whom he had rebuked and deposed for immorality, stabbed him to death on 14 September, "in the Church of Saint John of Acre while he was part of the procession" on the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross.
He was succeeded by Raoul of Merencourt.
St. Albert Avogadro is commemorated on 17 September in the Roman Catholic Church.
- "St. Albert of Jerusalem", St. Joseph's Carmelite Monastery, Kilmacud
- Catholic Online, "St. Albert of Jerusalem"
- "Carmelite Calendar", at Sr. Helena of Mary, O.Carm, "St. Albert of Jerusalem, Law-Giver of Carmel"
- Catholic Encyclopedia
- Catholic Online: Saints & Angels: St. Albert of Jerusalem (first article)
- Catholic Online: Saints & Angels: St. Albert of Jerusalem (second article)
|Catholic Church titles|
|Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
Raoul of Merencourt