Albert G. Winterhalter
|Albert G. Winterhalter|
Admiral Winterhalter circa 1915
October 5, 1856|
|Died||June 5, 1920(aged 63)|
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1877 - 1920|
|Commands held||United States Asiatic Fleet|
In 1898, as flag lieutenant to Rear Admiral J.M. Miller, Commander in Chief Pacific Station, Winterhalter personally arranged the hoisting of the American flag at the ceremonies attending the transfer of sovereignty of the Hawaiian Islands to the United States. He assumed command of the gunboat Elcano in 1902 and of the gunboat Paducah in 1905. As Aide for Material in 1914-1915, he was a principal assistant to the Secretary of the Navy and an ex-officio voting member of the General Board of the Navy. He took command of the U.S. Asiatic Fleet on July 11, 1915 and ranked as a full admiral for the duration of his tour, reverting to his permanent rank of rear admiral upon relinquishing command in 1917.
Winterhalter spent much of his career in scientific posts. He was assigned to the U.S. Naval Observatory from January 1885 to November 1889, during which time he served as the United States delegate to the International Astrophotographic Congress at Paris, France, and visited the principal observatories of Europe. His report on the tour was published in 1889. He was also responsible for the Naval Observatory Exhibit at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. He was Hydrographer of the Navy from May 1908 to January 1910.
In 1916, Winterhalter conducted experiments aboard USS Washington (ACR-11) to evaluate acoustic ranging techniques. He sailed Washington on different courses relative to a lightship that was transmitting radio waves and air- and water-mediated sound waves, and found that submarine sound waves were a more reliable guide than air-mediated sound. This was the first attempt to determine distance using acoustics, and a similar technique was later used for hydrographic surveys.
Winterhalter lost an eye to an archery accident the same year he graduated from the Academy. He could speak or read eleven languages by the time he was appointed to command the Asiatic Fleet.
Dates of rank
- Cadet Midshipman - September 24, 1873
- Midshipman - June 18, 1877
- Ensign - July 10, 1880
- Lieutenant (junior grade) - December 14, 1886
- Lieutenant - June 30, 1892
- Lieutenant-Commander - unknown
- Commander - July 1, 1905
- Captain - 1909
- Rear Admiral - 1915
- Admiral - July 11, 1915
- "Naval Officers at Helen Dauvray's Bier. Once Noted Actress, Widow of Rear Admiral Winterhalter, Buried in Arlington". New York Times. December 7, 1923. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- Arlington National Cemetery
- Page, Walter Hines; Page, Arthur Wilson (August 1915), "The War Chiefs of the Navy", The World's Work: A History of Our Time, Doubleday, Page & Company, 30
- Hamersly, Lewis R. (1894), The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, fifth edition, Philadelphia: L.R. Hamersly & Co.
- Heaton, Dean R. (1995), Four Stars: The Super Stars of United States Military History, Baltimore: Gateway Press
- Howeth, Linwood S. (1963), "Chapter XXVI: Development of Underwater Sound and Detection Equipment", History of Communications-Electronics in the United States Navy, pp. 297–312
- USS Elcano
- Helen Dauvray
- Burial location
Walter C. Cowles
|Commander in Chief, United States Asiatic Fleet
9 July 1915–4 April 1917
Austin M. Knight