Albert Gardiner

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Albert Gardiner
Albert Gardiner.jpg
Senator for New South Wales
In office
1 July 1910 – 30 June 1926
In office
5 June 1928 – 16 November 1928
Preceded byJohn Grant
Succeeded byJohn Dooley
Personal details
Born(1867-07-30)30 July 1867
Orange, New South Wales
Died14 August 1952(1952-08-14) (aged 85)
Bondi Junction, New South Wales
NationalityAustralian
Political partyLabor
Spouse(s)
Ada Jewell (m. 1892–1897)

Theresa Clayton (m. 1902)
OccupationGoldminer

Albert "Jupp" Gardiner (30 July 1867 – 14 August 1952) was an Australian politician who served as a Senator for New South Wales from 1910 to 1926 and again briefly in 1928. A member of the Labor Party, he served in cabinet as Vice-President of the Executive Council under Andrew Fisher and Billy Hughes, and from 1916 to 1926 was his party's Senate leader; he was its only senator from 1920 to 1922. Before entering federal politics he had served in the Parliament of New South Wales from 1891 to 1895 and from 1904 to 1907.

Early life[edit]

Gardiner was born in Orange, New South Wales, one of twelve children born to Charlotte (nee Davis) and William Gardiner. His father was born in Tasmania and worked as a wheelwright; his mother was illiterate. Gardiner was educated at Flanagan’s School in Orange until the age of 15, when he was apprenticed to a carpenter. He moved to Parkes in 1890 and began working at the Hazlehurst gold battery. He was nicknamed "Jupp" after the English cricketer Harry Jupp, who he was supposed to resemble.[1]

New South Wales politics[edit]

In 1891, Gardiner was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly with the support of the Labor Electoral League, the Labor Party's predecessor. He topped the poll in the seat of Forbes, although he refused to sign Labor's solidarity pledge in 1893. In 1894, with the abolition of Forbes, he was elected the member for Ashburnham, but was defeated in 1895. He stood unsuccessfully for Ashburnham in 1898 for the Free Trade Party and Orange in 1901 as an independent.[2] In 1897, he divorced his first wife Ada Evelyn Jewell, who he had married in 1892, and he married Theresa Alice Clayton in 1902. He was elected member for Orange in 1904, but lost the seat in 1907.[2][3]

Federal politics[edit]

From 1910 to 1926, Gardiner was a Senator for New South Wales in Federal Parliament. He was appointed Vice-President of the Executive Council in 1914 and Assistant Minister for Defence in 1915. He resigned from the ministry in opposition to conscription before the first plebiscite on conscription in October 1916. After the Labor split over the issue, he became Labor leader in the Senate and the only Labor Senator from 1920 to 1922. A filibuster in 1918 delivered Federal Parliament's longest speech at 12 hours and 40 minutes (the combined Parnell-Bressington filibuster in the South Australian upper house went for over 13 hours); this forced the introduction of a time limit on future speeches. In 1926, he lost his Senate seat, but he filled a casual vacancy for five months in 1928, despite expulsion from the Lang-led state branch of the party. He unsuccessfully contested Dalley as an independent Labor candidate in 1928. He then unsuccessfully contested the State seats of Waverley in 1932 and Canterbury in 1935 as an Official Labor candidate—that is, recognised by the Federal Labor Party, but not the State branch.[3]

In 1922, Gardiner contested the leadership of the Labor Party against Matthew Charlton who defeated him by 22 votes to 2.[4]

He played rugby union as a forward and represented New South Wales against New Zealand and Queensland in 1897 and against England in 1899.[3]

Gardiner died at Bondi Junction, survived by his wife, a son and a daughter.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ann Millar (2000). "GARDINER, ALBERT (1867–1952)". Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate.
  2. ^ a b "Mr Albert Gardiner (1867-1952)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Lyons, Mark. "Gardiner, Albert (Jupp) (1867–1952)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  4. ^ Rhodes, Campbell (15 September 2015). "Leadership spills: nothing new to history". Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House. Old Parliament House. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
Political offices
Preceded by
James McColl
Vice-President of the Executive Council
1914–1916
Succeeded by
William Spence
Party political offices
Preceded by
George Pearce
Deputy Leader of the Australian Labor Party
1916–1926
Succeeded by
James Scullin
Leader of the Australian Labor Party in the Senate
1916–1926
Succeeded by
Ted Needham
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Henry Cooke
Member for Forbes
1891 – 1894
Served alongside: Hutchinson
Succeeded by
Abolished
Preceded by
New seat
Member for Ashburnham
1894 – 1895
Succeeded by
Joseph Reymond
Preceded by
Henry Newman
Member for Orange
1904 – 1907
Succeeded by
John Fitzpatrick