Albert Gleaves

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Albert Gleaves
Albert Gleaves in 1917.jpg
Gleaves in 1917
Born (1858-01-01)January 1, 1858
Nashville, Tennessee
Died January 6, 1937(1937-01-06) (aged 79)
Haverford, Pennsylvania
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1877–1921
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg Admiral
Commands held Cushing
Dolphin
Mayflower
St. Louis
North Dakota
Commandant Naval Station, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island
Utah
Commander, Cruiser and Transport Force
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
World War I
Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Other work Author

Albert Gleaves (January 1, 1858 – January 6, 1937) was a decorated admiral in the United States Navy, also notable as a naval historian.

Biography[edit]

Born in Nashville, Tennessee, Gleaves graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1877. After serving on board Hartford and Trenton, he was appointed an Ensign in 1881. Assigned to many ships and stations, he commanded Cushing during the Spanish–American War and later the battleship North Dakota. Promoted to rear admiral in 1915, in World War I he commanded the Cruiser and Transport Force. For his outstanding contribution he was awarded the Army and Navy Distinguished Service Medals.

In 1919 he was promoted to Admiral and commanded the Asiatic Fleet. While serving at the Naval Ordnance Proving Ground, Admiral Gleaves made outstanding contributions in the field of gunnery and torpedoes. While carrying out some tests on torpedo steering devices he changed these weapons from instruments of luck into instruments of precision. The gear which he tested in Cushing provided the imprints which made the torpedo the "terrible weapon" of World War I.

In spite of a life of constant action in war and peace, he found time to write a biography of Captain James Lawrence; the History of the Cruiser and Transport Force, and the Life of an American Sailor, William Hensley Emory, Rear Admiral, USN. After a most distinguished career, he retired in January 1, 1922.

He was a companion of the Naval Order of the United States and was assigned insignia number 756.

Admiral Gleaves died at Haverford, Pennsylvania, January 6, 1937, a few days after his 79th birthday.

He has been quoted as saying, "To seamen a ship becomes endowed with human virtues and faults; she ceases to be a mere inanimate thing."

Decorations[edit]

Here is Admiral Albert Gleaves's ribbon bar:

Bronze star
1st Row Navy Distinguished Service Medal Army Distinguished Service Medal
2nd Row Spanish Campaign Medal Philippine Campaign Medal World War I Victory Medal with Fleet Clasp
3rd Row Commander of the French Legion of Honour Japanese Order of the Sacred Treasure, 1st Class Chinese Order of Wen-Hu, 1st Class

Namesake[edit]

USS Gleaves (DD-423), a Gleaves-class destroyer, was the lead ship of her class and named for Admiral Gleaves.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links[edit]

His memoirs, titled The Admiral: the Memoirs of Albert Gleaves, Admiral, USN, was published in 1985 by Hope Publishing House, Pasadena, California (HOPE ISBN 0-932727-02-6).

Military offices
Preceded by
William Ledyard Rodgers
Commander-in-Chief, United States Asiatic Fleet
1 September 1919 – 4 February 1921
Succeeded by
Joseph Strauss