Albert H. Blanding

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Albert Hazen Blanding
Albert H. Blanding.jpg
Blanding as commander of 2nd Florida Infantry, 1916
Born (1876-11-09)November 9, 1876
Lyons, Iowa
Died December 26, 1970(1970-12-26) (aged 94)
Bartow, Florida
Place of burial Evergreen Cemetery, Gainesville, Florida
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1895-1940
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held 2nd Florida Infantry Regiment
53rd Infantry Brigade
31st Infantry Division
National Guard Bureau
Battles/wars Pancho Villa Expedition
World War I
World War II
Awards Army Distinguished Service Medal

Albert Hazen Blanding (November 9, 1876 – December 26, 1970) was a United States Army officer. Among the most distinguished military figures in Florida's history, he was a recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal.[1]

Early life[edit]

Blanding was born in Lyons, Iowa, but his family moved to Florida when he was two years old. Blanding attended East Florida Seminary, now known as the University of Florida, in Gainesville, graduating in 1894.[2] He was commissioned a captain in the Florida National Guard in 1899. At the time, he was a phosphate company executive.[3][4] he advanced through the ranks in a variety of staff and command positions, receiving promotion to major in 1906 and lieutenant colonel in 1908.

Pancho Villa Expedition[edit]

Blanding was promoted to the rank of colonel in 1909 and ran a turpentine, sawmill, and lumber business from 1910 to 1914 while active on the National Guard roster.[2][5] In the Pancho Villa Expedition, Blanding commanded the Second Florida Infantry.[6]

World War I[edit]

On August 5, 1917, Blanding was called up to serve in World War I, where he commanded the 53rd Brigade, 27th Division, as a brigadier general.

In France, he commanded the 185th Infantry Brigade, which included the 370th Infantry Regiment from Illinois.[7]

After hostilities ceased, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal and was discharged from the Army on March 1, 1919, after which he resumed his service to the Florida National Guard.[8]

Post World War I[edit]

Blanding served as State of Florida Chairman for the American Legion for a time[9] and was a member of the Florida Board of Control from 1922 to 1936.

In 1924, he was promoted to Major General in the National Guard[10] and commander of the 31st Infantry Division.

National Guard Bureau[edit]

From 1936 to 1940, Blanding was Chief of the National Guard Bureau by appointment of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.[11] He held this post while continuing to command the 31st Infantry Division.

At his 1940 retirement, Blanding received a state promotion to Lieutenant General in recognition of his service and accomplishments.[12]

World War II[edit]

During World War II, Blanding was the Military Advisor to Florida's Governor. After the war, he was an advocate for the establishment of the Everglades National Park.

Philanthropic and civic activities[edit]

Blanding was a member of the Elks, the Kiwanias, and a Mason.[8]

Awards[edit]

Death and burial[edit]

Blanding died December 26, 1970.[16] He is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Gainesville, Florida.

Legacy[edit]

In 1939, he was honored by the establishment of a military station, Camp Blanding, in his name; this would become the primary military reservation and training station for the Florida National Guard.[17][18]

The University of Florida awarded him Doctor of Laws in May 1942.[19] During World War II he served on the Florida Board of the Selective Service System and helped found Everglades National Park.[3]

Blanding was designated a Great Floridian by the Florida Department of State in the Great Floridians 2000 Program. A plaque attesting to the honor is located at Bartow City Hall.[5]

Photos[edit]

Blanding, Camp Logan in Houston, Texas, 1918
Blanding's service record, incorrectly naming WW I award as Distinguished Service Cross. Blanding received Distinguished Service Medal.
Blanding's Great Floridian Marker

See also[edit]

Albert Hazen Blanding at Find a Grave

References[edit]

  1. ^ Distinguished Service medal citation, Albert H. Blanding, Military Times Hall of Valor web site
  2. ^ a b "Camp Blanding Museum". 
  3. ^ a b "Gainesville Historical Trail: 35....Blanding House". Alachua County Historical Commission. Archived from the original on 2009-10-25. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  4. ^ Historic Preservation of Alachua County (Florida): History of the Northeast Historic District-phosphate industry
  5. ^ a b Florida Department of State: Great Floridians 2000 Program Archived November 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 40. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  7. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 40. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  8. ^ a b Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  9. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  10. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  11. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  12. ^ Newspaper article, Gen. Albert Blanding Dies, New York Times, December 27, 1970
  13. ^ "Valor awards for Albert Hazen Blanding". 
  14. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  15. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  16. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  17. ^ Newspaper article, Gen. Blanding Dead at 96, Daytona Beach Morning Journal, December 26, 1970
  18. ^ Newspaper article, Camp Blanding Getting $34M Upgrade, Jacksonville Business Journal, November 20, 2006
  19. ^ University of Florida: Office of the President-Honorary Degree Recipients
Bibliography


Military offices
Preceded by
Col. John F. Williams (acting)
Chief of the National Guard Bureau
1936 – 1940
Succeeded by
MG John F. Williams