Albert Hawke

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Albert Hawke
A. R. G. Hawke.jpg
18th Premier of Western Australia
In office
23 February 1953 – 2 April 1959
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor Lieutenant General Sir Charles Gairdner
Deputy John Tonkin
Preceded by Sir Ross McLarty
Succeeded by Sir David Brand
Treasurer of Western Australia
In office
23 February 1953 – 2 April 1959
Premier Himself
Preceded by Ross McLarty
Succeeded by David Brand
Minister for Child Welfare
In office
23 February 1953 – 2 April 1959
Premier Himself
Preceded by Arthur Watts
Succeeded by Leslie Logan
Leader of the Opposition of
Western Australia
In office
2 April 1959 – 31 December 1966
Premier David Brand
Preceded by David Brand
Succeeded by John Tonkin
In office
26 June 1951 – 23 February 1953
Premier Ross McLarty
Preceded by Frank Wise
Succeeded by Ross McLarty
Leader of the Labor Party in
Western Australia
In office
26 June 1951 – 31 December 1966
Deputy John Tonkin
Preceded by Frank Wise
Succeeded by John Tonkin
Deputy Premier of Western Australia
In office
31 July 1945 – 1 April 1947
Premier Frank Wise
Preceded by Frank Wise
Succeeded by Arthur Watts
Deputy Leader of the Labor Party in Western Australia
In office
31 July 1945 – 1 April 1947
Leader Frank Wise
Preceded by Frank Wise
Succeeded by John Tonkin
Minister for Industrial Development and Post-War Reconstruction
In office
10 February 1943 – 31 July 1945
Premier John Willcock
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Arthur Watts
Minister for Works
In office
13 May 1936 – 31 July 1945
Premier Phillip Collier
John Willcock
Preceded by Harry Millington
Succeeded by Victor Doney
Minister for Employment and Labour
In office
13 May 1936 – 10 February 1943
Premier Phillip Collier
John Willcock
Preceded by James Kenneally
Succeeded by John Tonkin
Member of the Western Australian Parliament
for Northam
In office
24 April 1933 – 23 March 1968
Preceded by James Mitchell
Succeeded by Ken McIver
Member of the South Australian
House of Assembly
for Burra Burra
In office
5 April 1924 – 26 March 1927
Served with Sydney McHugh and
Mick O'Halloran
Preceded by George Jenkins
Succeeded by George Jenkins
Personal details
Born (1900-12-03)3 December 1900
Kapunda, South Australia
Died 14 February 1986(1986-02-14) (aged 85)
Adelaide, South Australia
Political party Labor Party
Spouse(s) Mabel Crafter
(m.1923; d. 1967; her death)
Relations Arthur Hawke (brother)
John Hawke (nephew)
Robert Hawke (nephew)
See Hawke family
Children 1
Parents James Hawke (1862-1930)
Elizabeth Pascoe (1862-1946)
Alma mater School of Mines, Kapunda
Religion Congregational Methodist

Albert Redvers George "Bert" Hawke (3 December 1900 – 14 February 1986) was an Australian politician who served as the 18th Premier of Western Australia.[1]

Early life[edit]

Hawke was born to James Renfrey Hawke and Elizabeth Ann Blinman née Pascoe, both of Cornish descent, in Kapunda, South Australia.[1] Leaving school at the age of 13, he took up an apprenticeship as a clock-maker and jeweller, before working in a lawyer's office and joining the Australian Labor Party at 15.

Political career[edit]

At the age of 23 in the April 1924 elections he won the seat of Burra Burra in the South Australian House of Assembly,[2] making him the youngest person to have won a seat in that parliament.

After losing the seat by just 11 votes in the following 1927 election, he moved to Western Australia in 1928, becoming a country organiser for the ALP. In 1933 he caused a major political upset by defeating the sitting Premier Sir James Mitchell by 460 votes in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly seat of Northam. Mitchell had held the seat for 28 years previously. Hawke held the seat himself for 35 years until the 1968 general elections for which he did not re-nominate.

During his Western Australian parliamentary career he was appointed Minister for Employment and Labour in 1936 in the Collier and Willcock governments. He also held the positions of Minister for Labour and Industrial Development (1939), Minister for Works, Water Supplies and Industrial Development (1943). After Labor's defeat in the 1947 elections he held various shadow portfolios before becoming Leader of the Opposition on 3 July 1951 after Frank Wise resigned.

In the 23 February 1953 elections he led Labor to victory over the two-term Liberal-Country government of Sir Ross McLarty, becoming Premier as well as Treasurer and Minister for Child Welfare and Industrial Development. In June 1953, Hawke attended the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in London. In social policy, Hawke's governments enacted a series of progressive social reforms including the gradual easing of some oppressive regulations on Aborigines in WA, an accelerated construction of houses and schools, increases in workers’ compensation payments, allowing women to sit on juries, the regulation of hire purchase transactions, and the raising of the school-leaving age to 15.

Later life and death[edit]

Labor lost the March 1959 elections to David Brand's Liberals, but he stayed on as opposition leader until 1965, when he retired from politics and returned to live in South Australia. In 1986, Hawke died in Adelaide, aged 85.

Personal life[edit]

In 1926, Hawke married Mabel Crafter, and they had a daughter.

Hawke's brother, Arthur Hawke, a Congregational minister, was the father of Bob Hawke, the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pendal, Phillip. "Hawke, Albert Redvers George (Bert) (1900–1986)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Mr Albert Hawke". Former Member of Parliament Details. Parliament of South Australia. 
  • Ross McMullin, The Light on the Hill: The Australian Labor Party 1891-1991
  • "Albert Redvers George Hawke (Labor)". The Constitutional Center of Western Australia. Retrieved 2006-03-31. 
  • Reid, Gordon Stanley and Oliver, Margaret R. (1982). The Premiers of Western Australia 1890–1982. Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 0-85564-214-9. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Ross McLarty
Premier of Western Australia
1953–1959
Succeeded by
David Brand
Preceded by
Frank Wise
Leader of the Opposition
1951–1953 and
1959–1966
Succeeded by
Sir Ross McLarty
Preceded by
David Brand
Succeeded by
John Tonkin
Preceded by
James Kenneally
Minister for Employment and Labour
13 May 1936–10 February 1943
Succeeded by
John Tonkin
Preceded by
Harry Millington
Minister for Works
13 May 1936–31 July 1945
Succeeded by
Victor Doney
New title Minister for Industrial Development and Post-War Reconstruction
10 February 1943–31 July 1945
Succeeded by
Arthur Watts
Preceded by
Arthur Watts
Minister for Child Welfare
1953–1959
Succeeded by
Leslie Logan
Parliament of Western Australia
Preceded by
Sir James Mitchell
Member for Northam
1933–1968
Succeeded by
Ken McIver
Party political offices
Preceded by
Frank Wise
Leader of the Labor Party
1951–1966
Succeeded by
John Tonkin