Albert James Smith

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The Hon.
Sir Albert James Smith
Albert James Smith.jpg
Hon. Sir Albert James Smith, April 1868
Premier of the Colony of New Brunswick
In office
September 21, 1865 – April 14, 1866
Preceded by Samuel Leonard Tilley
Succeeded by Peter Mitchell
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Westmorland
In office
Succeeded by Josiah Wood
Personal details
Born (1822-03-12)March 12, 1822
Shediac, New Brunswick
Died June 30, 1883(1883-06-30) (aged 61)
Dorchester, New Brunswick
Resting place Dorchester Rural Cemetery
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Sarah Marie Young (m. 1868)
Children one son (d. 30 June 1883)

Sir Albert James Smith KCMG PC QC (March 12, 1822 – June 30, 1883) was a New Brunswick politician and opponent of Canadian confederation. Smith's grandfather was a United Empire Loyalist who left Massachusetts to settle in New Brunswick after the American Revolution.

A. J. Smith's legacy paid for this house, the residence of his grandson J. W. Y. Smith, called Younglands, on Shediac Bay, New Brunswick. Built in 1927, it is now owned by a Catholic order.

Smith entered politics in 1852 entering the House of Assembly as an opponent of the Tory compact that ran the colony and became a leading reform and advocate of responsible government which was granted to the colony in 1854. Smith became a member of the reform government that took power that year and went on to become Attorney-General in 1861 under Premier Samuel Leonard Tilley. Smith split with Tilley over railway policy and Canadian confederation with Smith becoming leader of the Anti-Confederates winning the 1865 election but was forced from office the next year by the lieutenant-governor.

He was Created a QC in 1862.

Smith reconciled with Confederation after it became a fact and became minister of fisheries in the Liberal government of Alexander Mackenzie in 1873. He died in 1883, and was interred in Dorchester Rural Cemetery.

Further reading[edit]

  • J. E. Belliveau, 1976, The Splendid Life of Albert Smith and the Women he Left Behind, Windsor, NS: Lancelot Press


Political offices
Preceded by
Peter Mitchell (politician)
Minister of Marine and Fisheries
Succeeded by
James Colledge Pope
Preceded by
Antoine-Aimé Dorion
Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Télesphore Fournier