Albert Kahn (banker)
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Albert Kahn at his office in Paris, 1914
3 March 1860|
Marmoutier, Bas-Rhin, France
|Died||14 November 1940
Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine, France
|Occupation||Banker and philanthropist|
|Known for||Archives of the Planet|
Albert Kahn (3 March 1860 - 14 November 1940) was a French banker and philanthropist, known for initiating The Archives of the Planet, a vast photographical project. Spanning 22 years, it resulted in a collection of 72,000 colour photographs and 183,000 meters of film.
He was born Abraham Kahn in Marmoutier, Bas-Rhin, France on 3 March 1860, the eldest of four children of Louis Kahn, a Jewish cattle dealer and Babette Kahn (née Bloch), an uneducated homebound mother.
Kahn's mother died when he was ten years old, and, following the German annexation of Alsace-Lorraine in 1871, the Kahn family moved to Saint-Mihiel in north-eastern France in 1872 where he continued his studies at the Collège de Saverne from 1873 to 1876.
In 1879. Kahn became a bank clerk in Paris, but studied for a degree in the evenings. His tutor was Henri Bergson, who became his lifelong friend. He graduated in 1881 and continued to mix in intellectual circles, making friends with Auguste Rodin and Mathurin Méheut. In 1892 Kahn became a principal associate of the Goudchaux Bank, which was then regarded as one of most important financial houses of Europe. He also promoted higher education through travelling scholarships.
The economic crisis of the Great Depression ruined Kahn and put an end to his project. Kahn died at Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine, France on 14 November 1940 during the Nazi occupation of France.
Gardens of the World
The Gardens of the World (French: Les Jardins du Monde) was a garden Kahn created. In 1893 he acquired a large property in Boulogne-Billancourt, where he established this unique garden containing a variety of garden styles including English, Japanese, a rose garden and a conifer wood. This became a meeting place for French and European intelligentsia until the 1930s when, due to the Crash of 1929, Kahn became bankrupt. At that time the garden was turned into a public park in which Kahn would still take walks. The garden brings together distinct traditions (French, English and Japanese), as if to illustrate the utopia of a world reconciled, where different realities can coexist in perfect harmony.[opinion]
Archives of the Planet
The Archives of the Planet (French: Les Archives de la Planète) was photographical endeavour to document buildings and cultures.
In 1909, Kahn travelled with his chauffeur and photographer, Alfred Dutertre to Japan on business and returned with many photographs of the journey. This prompted him to begin a project collecting a photographic record of the entire Earth. He appointed Jean Brunhes as the project director, and sent photographers to every continent to record images of the planet using the first practical medium for colour photography, Autochrome plates, and early cinematography. Between 1909 and 1931 they collected 72,000 colour photographs and 183,000 meters of film. These form a unique historical record of 50 countries, known as The Archives of the Planet.
Kahn's photographers began documenting France in 1914, just days before the outbreak of World War I, and by liaising with the military managed to record both the devastation of war, and the struggle to continue everyday life and agricultural work.
Since 1986, the photographs have been collected into a museum at 14 Rue du Port, Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, at the site of his garden. It is now a French national museum and includes four hectares of gardens, as well as the museum which houses his historic photographs and films.
- Okuefuna, David (24 April 2008). The Wonderful World of Albert Kahn. BBC Books. ISBN 978-1-84607-458-5.
- Le Dantec, Denise; Le Dantec, Jean-Pierre (1993). Reading the French Garden: Story and History. MIT Press. p. 227. ISBN 0-262-62087-1.
- (French) Albert Kahn Biography Translate
- (French) Albert Kahn gardens Official website Translate (also (French) Ministry of Culture summary, Translate)
- (French) Albert Kahn museum, the new official website or old link
- (French) Maghreb in colors Exhibition until March 2008, Official website, Translate
- Castro, Teresa, Les Archives de la Planète. A Cinematographic Atlas, in Jump Cut The story of Kahn's photographic atlas (accessed November 2007)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Albert Kahn.|
- Albert-kahn Museum and Gardens (Paris) website
- The Wonderful World of Albert Kahn – BBC book site, including examples of Kahn's autochromes
- Albert Kahn Foundation Albert Kahn travelling fellowship
- Edwardians In Colour: The Wonderful World Of Albert Kahn – BBC TV programme April 2007
- JACQUELINE MCGRATH (30 March 1997). "A Philosophy in Bloom". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2008. Description of the Gardens today by Jacqueline Mcgrath at The New York Times. 30 March 1997