Albert L. Lehninger
|Albert Lester Lehninger|
February 17, 1917|
|Died||March 4, 1986(aged 69)|
|Institutions||University of Wisconsin–Madison
University of Chicago
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
|Doctoral advisor||Edgar J. Witzemann|
|Known for||Metabolism studies, textbook authorship|
|Notable awards||Pfizer Award in Enzyme Chemistry (1948)|
Albert Lester Lehninger (February 17, 1917 – March 4, 1986) was an American biochemist in the field of bioenergetics. He made fundamental contributions to the current understanding of metabolism at a molecular level. In 1948, he discovered, with Eugene P. Kennedy, that mitochondria are the site of oxidative phosphorylation in eukaryotes, which ushered in the modern study of energy transduction. He is the author of a number of classic texts, including: Biochemistry, The Mitochondrion, Bioenergetics and, most notably, his series Principles of Biochemistry. The latter is a widely used text for introductory biochemistry courses at the college and university levels.
Early life and education
Lehninger was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, U.S. He earned his Bachelor of Arts in English from Wesleyan University (1939) and went on to pursue both his Masters of Science (1940) and Ph.D. (1942) at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. His doctoral research involved the metabolism of acetoacetate and fatty acid oxidation by liver cells.
After earning his doctorate in biochemistry, Lehninger held various faculty positions at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of Chicago. In 1952, he went to the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, assuming the title of DeLamar Professor of the Department of Biological Chemistry. He served in this position until 1978, when he was appointed to the role of University Professor of Medical Sciences. He held this title until his death in 1986.
Honors and awards
- 1948 - Paul-Lewis Award in Enzyme Chemistry
- 1951 - Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1956 - Elected to the National Academy of Sciences
- 1969 - Remsen Award of the American Chemical Society
- 1986 - Passano Foundation Award
- Kresge, Nicole; Simoni, Robert D.; Hill, Robert L. (April 8, 2005). "The ATP Requirement for Fatty Acid Oxidation: the Early Work of Albert L. Lehninger". The Journal of Biological Chemistry (The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology) 280 (14): 146–147.
- Lane, M. Daniel; Talala, Paul (1986). "Albert Lester Lehninger 1917-1986" (PDF). Journal of Membrane Biology 91: 193–197. doi:10.1007/BF01868813.
- "The Albert L. Lehninger Collection". Repository Guide to the Personal Papers Collections of Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives. Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- "ASBMB Past Presidents". American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- "All Fellows". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 19 January 2011.