Albert P. Crary
|Albert P. Crary|
Albert Paddock Crary in 1959
|Chief Scientist for the United States Antarctic Research Program|
|Born||Albert Paddock Crary
July 25, 1911
Pierrepont, New York, United States
|Died||October 29, 1987
Washington, D.C., United States
|Resting place||Pierrepont Hill Cemetery, Pierrepont, New York|
|Spouse(s)||Mildred R. Rodgers|
|Children||Frank J. Crary III|
|Parents||Frank J. Crary and Ella Paddock Crary|
|Relatives||Oringe Smith Crary (great-great-great-uncle)
Scott Crary (cousin)
|Education||St. Lawrence University
|Known for||Polar exploration|
Albert Paddock Crary (July 25, 1911 – October 29, 1987), was a pioneer polar geophysicist and glaciologist. He was the first person to have stepped foot on both the North and South Poles, having made it to the North Pole on May 3, 1952 (with Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict) and then to the South Pole on February 12, 1961 as the leader of a team of eight. The South Pole expedition set out from McMurdo Station on December 10, 1960, using three Snowcats with trailers. Crary was the seventh expedition leader to arrive at the South Pole by surface transportation (the six others before him were—in sequence—Amundsen, Scott, Hillary, Fuchs, a Russian expedition in 1959/60 from Vostok base, and Antero Havola). He was widely admired for his intellect, wit, skills and as a great administrator for polar research expeditions.
Crary was born in 1911 into a farming family in northern New York State. He was the second oldest in a family of 7 children. He was a physics major and geology student at St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York. He graduated in 1931 Phi Beta Kappa from St. Lawrence University and then enrolled at Lehigh University to obtain a master's degree in physics. After spending years completing and facilitating research at both poles, Crary eventually settled in Bethesda, Maryland with his wife and son.
In 1991, the National Science Foundation (NSF), which manages the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP), honoured his memory by dedicating a state-of-the-art laboratory complex in his name, the Albert P. Crary Science and Engineering Center (CSEC) located in McMurdo Station. He was also honored by having the Crary Mountains (76 degrees 48' S, 117 degrees 40' W) and the Crary Ice Rise in Antarctica named for him as well.
Dr. Crary contributed in a variety of important ways to his field including:
- Chief Scientist for Arctic ice island T3, 1952 - 1955
- Established the United States Geological Headquarters for the International Geophysical Year, 1955
- Deputy Leader of United States science during the International Geophysical Year, 1957
- Leader of the U.S. seismic traverse of Ross Ice Shelf, 1957–58
- Leader, geophysical traverse W from Little America V, up Skelton Glacier to the Victoria Land plateau and W along the 78 parallel to c. 13130E, 1958–59
- Leader, geophysical traverse from McMurdo Station via Skelton Glacier to the South Pole, 1960–61
- Chief Scientist, United States Antarctic Research Program, 1960 - 1968
- Deputy then Director, Division of Environmental Sciences, National Science Foundation, 1969 - 1978
- Member of ACAN, 1961-76 (Chairman, 1974–76)
He worked with many notable scientists and famous institutions:
- Dr. Maurice Ewing of Columbia University and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
- Assisted Dr. James Peoples at MOGUL (Project Mogul) as the Field Operations Director using meteorological balloons to experiment with different types of equipment to collect and transmit sound waves in the upper atmosphere (Roswell incident- see )
- Crary's trip to the South Pole with an image and a map.
- Picture of Crary when he was Deputy Chief Scientist of the NAS's US-IGY Antarctic program, shown reading a seismograph record.
- Hudson, Edward (31 October 1987). "Albert Crary, Geophysicist, Dies. An Explorer of Both Polar Regions". The New York Times.
- de Q. Robin, Gordon (November 1987). "Obituary" (PDF). Cambridge Journals.
- Brown, Michelle (28 November 2011). "Welcome to Crary". PolarTREC Journal.
- Staff (January 1989). "Albert Paddock Crary" (PDF). Arctic Institute of North America - University of Calgary.
- Bentley, Charles (1988). "Albert P. Crary" (PDF). Journal of Glaciology.