Albert S. Humphrey
|Albert S. Humphrey|
|Born||2 June 1927|
|Died||31 October 2005(aged 79)|
|Institutions||Stanford Research Institute|
|Alma mater||University of Illinois (B.Sc.), M.I.T. (M.Sc.), Harvard University (MBA)|
|Known for||SWOT analysis|
Albert S. Humphrey (2 June 1926 – 31 October 2005) was an American business and management consultant who specialized in organizational management and cultural change. Initially earning degrees in chemical engineering in Illinois, he eventually moved to London.
Some people claim that Humphrey devised the SWOT analysis technique while working for the Stanford Research Institute, now known as SRI International. but it is clear from his 2005 paper that he is not the originator of SWOT, and he disputes it was Harvard or MIT either. SWOT is a strategic planning method used to evaluate the Strengths, Weaknesses/Limitations, Opportunities, and Threats involved in a project or in a business venture. The origin of the term SWOT remains obscure.
Albert Humphrey was educated at the University of Illinois, where he graduated with a B.Sc. in Chemical Engineering. After this he gained a master's degree in chemical engineering at M.I.T. and an MBA at Harvard University.
One client was W.H. Smith (1970–1987), which aligned its annual budget to long-range planning. This programme was the first to use the concept of employee involvement in business planning and can be seen as setting the seeds for the Investors in People scheme.
While continuing work at Stanford, Humphrey was involved with the team that came up with the Stakeholder Concept, which has often been referenced by business leaders, economists and politicians. This programme became known as TAM (Team Action Management).
During his working life Humphrey acted as consultant to over 100 companies globally. In 2005 he was listed in:
In 2004 he was listed in the Who's Who in Science and Engineering, 7th Edition (2003–2004).
Albert had four children with his first wife Virginia P Humphrey. After several years they divorced, Albert moved to London and a decade passed before he met and married Myriam, with whom he has one daughter. They lived together until his death in 2005.
Albert S. Humphrey died on 31 October 2005 at the age of 79.
- "Albert Humphrey The "Father" of TAM". TAM UK. Retrieved 2012-06-03.
- Humphrey, Albert (December 2005). "SWOT Analysis for Management Consulting" (PDF). SRI Alumni Newsletter (SRI International).
- "Leadership Development - Results focused Leadership thinking and practice from around the Globe".