Alberta Highway 1

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Alberta Highway 1.svg

Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Alberta Highway 1 Map.png
Highway 1 highlighted in red
Route information
Length: 534 km[2] (332 mi)
Existed: 1941[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: BC 1 at BC border
 
East end: Saskatchewan Highway 1.svg Hwy 1 at SK border
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities:
I.D. No. 9, Bighorn No. 8 M.D., Kananaskis I.D., Rocky View County, Wheatland County, Newell County, Cypress County
Major cities: Calgary, Brooks, Chestermere, Medicine Hat
Towns: Banff, Canmore, Strathmore, Bassano, Redcliff
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

National Highway System
Trans-Canada Highway
Hwy 986 Hwy 1A

Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1, commonly referred to as Highway 1, is a major east-west highway in southern Alberta, Canada that forms a portion of the Trans-Canada Highway. It runs from the British Columbia border near Lake Louise through Calgary to the Saskatchewan border east of Medicine Hat. It spans approximately 534 km (332 mi) from Alberta's border with British Columbia in the west to its border with Saskatchewan in the east.[2] The route is a divided expressway throughout the province with the exception of a section in central Calgary where it is an arterial thoroughfare. Twinning of the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border was completed by Parks Canada and opened to traffic on June 12, 2014.[2]

Route description[edit]

Westbound to the Rocky Mountains
Eastbound near Canmore

Highway 1 is designated as a core route in Canada's National Highway System.[3]

Southwestern Alberta[edit]

British Columbia Highway 1 becomes Alberta Highway 1 as it crosses Kicking Horse Pass into Alberta.[2] It generally travels in a southeast direction along the Bow River through Banff National Park (Improvement District No. 9), passing by the Hamlet of Lake Louise and the Town of Banff.[4] The segment of Highway 1 through the national park is maintained by the Government of Canada.[5]

Upon exiting Banff National Park, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 91 km (57 mi) until it reaches Calgary.[4][6] This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through the rural municipalities of the Municipal District of Bighorn No. 8 and Rocky View County.[7] It also briefly crosses a portion of Kananaskis Improvement District.[7] For urban communities, this segment passes by the Hamlet of Harvie Heights, through the Town of Canmore, and by the hamlets of Dead Man's Flats and Lac des Arcs.[4] Highway 1A, the original Highway 1 from Canmore to Calgary, is an alternate route to this segment of Highway 1, providing access to the Hamlet of Exshaw, the Summer Village of Ghost Lake, and the Town of Cochrane.[4]

Calgary[edit]

In Calgary, Highway 1 is follows 16 Avenue N and maintained by the City of Calgary. Certain stretches of 16 Avenue N function as either a freeway or an expressway, while other stretches function as an urban arterial road, particularly between Bow River and Bowness Road and between Crowchild Trail and Deerfoot Trail where there are numerous at-grade intersections.[2] As a result, speed limits on 16 Avenue N drop as low as 50 km/h (31 mph). The recently completed northwest and northeast legs of Stoney Trail (Highway 201) provide an alternate higher speed route across the city. The length of Highway 1 within Calgary is 27 km (17 mi).

Calgary to Saskatchewan border[edit]

Upon exiting Calgary, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 273 km (170 mi) until it reaches the City of Medicine Hat.[4][6] This segment of the highway generally travels in a southeast direction through the rural municipalities of Rocky View County, Wheatland County, the County of Newell, and Cypress County.[7] For urban communities, this segment passes through the City of Chestermere and the Town of Strathmore, by the Town of Bassano, the City of Brooks, and the Hamlet of Suffield, and through the Town of Redcliff.[4] Chestermere Boulevard (formerly Highway 1A), the original Highway 1 from Calgary to Chestermere, is an alternate route to initial portion of this segment of Highway 1.[4]

Within the City of Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is named Trans Canada Highway and maintained by Alberta Transportation.[6] Stretches of the highway function as a freeway, while stretches between the South Saskatchewan River and Seven Persons Creek function as an urban arterial road. One at-grade intersection exists beyond 13 Avenue SE at Dunmore Road/South Boundary Road before exiting the city. The length of Highway 1 within Medicine Hat is 13 km (8.1 mi).[4] East of Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 48 km (30 mi) until it enters the Province of Saskatchewan,[4][6] continuing as Saskatchewan Highway 1.[2] This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through Cypress County.[7] For urban communities, this segment passes through the Hamlet of Dunmore and by the hamlets of Irvine and Walsh.[4]

History[edit]

A review of historical Alberta Official Road Maps shows that Highway 1 was numbered Highway 2 prior to 1941 (while Highway 2 as it is known today was numbered Highway 1 prior to 1941).[1]

Exit numbering along Highway 1 began in 2005.[8][9] As of March 2010, only the stretch of Highway 1 between Banff National Park and Calgary had been assigned exit numbers.[4]

Future[edit]

Parks Canada completed twinning the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border in 2014, with the new alignment opened to traffic on June 12 of that year.[10]

Planning is underway to realign Highway 1 around the Town of Strathmore.[11] Strathmore is the only low-speed signalized section of the highway between Calgary and Saskatchewan without a bypass plan.[12] The route under consideration for the realignment begins northwest of Gleichen, continuing west to run south of Eagle Lake and then continuing northwest where it will rejoin the existing alignment near Cheadle, between Highway 24 and Strathmore. The proposed plan also contemplates a link to the Highway 22X corridor.[12]

Construction of an interchange at Dunmore Road / South Boundary Road in Medicine Hat started in the fall of 2012, with completion by the spring of 2014.[13]

Major intersections[edit]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km[2][4] mi Exit Destinations Notes
Continues as BC 1 west (Trans-Canada Highway) – Yoho National Park, Field, Golden, Kamloops
I.D. No. 9
(Banff National Park)
0 0.0 AlbertaBritish Columbia border • West end of Banff National Park
Kicking Horse Pass – el. 1,627 m (5,338 ft)
6 3.7 Crosses the Bow River
7 4.3 Hwy 93 north (Icefields Parkway) – Jasper, Rocky Mountain House Interchange
West end of Hwy 93 concurrency.
Lake Louise 10 6.2 Hwy 1A east (Bow Valley Parkway) / Lake Louise Drive west Interchange
12 7.5 Crosses the Bow River
Castle Junction 35 22 Hwy 93 south to Hwy 1A – Kootenay National Park, Radium Hot Springs Interchange
East end of Hwy 93 concurrency.
56 35 Sunshine Road – Sunshine Village Interchange
59 37 Crosses the Bow River
59 37 Hwy 1A west (Bow Valley Parkway) Interchange
Banff 65 40 Mount Norquay Road Interchange
69 43 Banff Avenue Interchange
81 50 East gate of Banff National Park
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8 Harvie Heights 83 52 83 Harvie Heights Road Interchange; no eastbound entrance
Canmore 86 53 86 Bow Valley TrailHarvie Heights Interchange
86 53 Mountain Avenue Eastbound exit and entrance.
89 55 89 Palliser Trail – Town Centre Interchange
91 57 91 Bow Valley Trail (Hwy 1A east) – Exshaw, Cochrane Interchange
92 57 Crosses the Bow River
93 58 93 Three Sisters Parkway (Hwy 742 south) Interchange
Dead Man's Flats 98 61 98 George Biggy Sr. Road Interchange
105 65 105 Lac Des Arcs Interchange
Kananaskis I.D. 114 71 114 Hwy 1X north – Exshaw Interchange
↑ / ↓ 115 71 Crosses the Kananaskis River
Stoney I.R. Nos. 142, 143, and 144 118 73 118 Hwy 40 south – Kananaskis Country, Kananaskis Village Interchange
124 77 124 Unnamed road Interchange
Morley 131 81 131 Morley Road Interchange
137 85 137 Bear Hill Road Interchange
Rocky View County 143 89 143 Hwy 68 south (Sibbald Creek Trail) Interchange
156 97 156 Jumping Pound Road Interchange
161 100 161 Hwy 22 – Cochrane, Bragg Creek Interchange
Springbank 169 105 169 Range Road 33 – Calaway Park Interchange
172 107 172 Old Banff Coach Road (Hwy 563 east) Interchange
City of Calgary 176 109 Valley Ridge Boulevard / Crestmont Boulevard Interchange
177 110 177 Stoney Trail (Hwy 201 north) – Edmonton, Medicine Hat Interchange; Hwy 201 exit 36
179 111 Canada Olympic Drive / Bowfort Road – Canada Olympic Park Interchange under construction
180 110 Sarcee Trail (to Hwy 2 south) Interchange
Freeway ends
181 112 Crosses the Bow River
183 114 Shaganappi Trail / Memorial Drive / Bowness Road Interchange
183.5 114.0 West Campus Boulevard – Alberta Children's Hospital Interchange
184 114 29 Street NW / Uxbridge Drive – Foothills Medical Centre
185 115 University Drive to Crowchild Trail south – McMahon Stadium, University of Calgary Interchange
186 116 Banff Trail to Crowchild Trail north (Hwy 1A west)
187 116 14 Street NWCity Centre
189.5 117.7 Centre Street N
190 120 Edmonton Trail
192 119 Deerfoot Trail (Hwy 2) – Airport, Red Deer, Fort Macleod Hwy 2 exit 258
194 121 Barlow Trail Interchange
195 121 36 Street NE Interchange
197 122 52 Street NE Interchange
199 124 68 Street NE
200 120 Stoney Trail (Hwy 201) – Edmonton, Lethbridge, Banff Interchange; Hwy 201 exit 78
Rocky View County 202 126 Garden Road (100 Street NE) Traffic signals
City of Chestermere 208 129 Chestermere Boulevard Interchange; former Hwy 1A
Rocky View County 212 132 Hwy 791 (Range Road 280) – Indus
219 136 Hwy 9 north / Hwy 797 south – Langdon, Drumheller, Saskatoon Interchange
Wheatland County 228 142 Hwy 24 south – Cheadle, Lethbridge
Strathmore 238 148 Hwy 817 (Wheatland Trail) – Carseland
248 154 Hwy 21 north – Rockyford, Three Hills, Drumheller
260 160 Hwy 561 east – Standard, Hussar, Rosebud
Gleichen 278 173 Hwy 547 south – Siksika Nation, Arrowwood
282 175 Hwy 901 west – Siksika Nation
292 181 Hwy 842 – Chancellor, Cluny, Milo
308 191 Hwy 56 north – Hussar, Drumheller
Newell County Bassano 324 201 11th Street Eastbound exit only
327 203 6th Avenue
330 210 Hwy 550 east / Township Road 212 west – Rosemary, Bassano
364 226 Hwy 36 – Hanna, Vauxhall, Taber
Brooks 373 232 2nd Street W (Hwy 873) – Duchess Interchange
376 234 Cassils Road (Hwy 542 west) Interchange
385 239 Hwy 875 south – Rolling Hills
394 245 Hwy 876 – Tilley, Patricia
Cypress County Suffield 439 273 Hwy 884 north – CFB Suffield, Ralston, Jenner
465 289 Hwy 524 west – Hays, Rolling Hills
Redcliff 470 290 Mitchell Street
471 293 Broadway Avenue
City of Medicine Hat 476 296 Box Springs Road Interchange
477 296 3 Street NW Interchange
478 297 Crosses the South Saskatchewan River
478 297 1 Street SW At-grade; uncontrolled
Proposed interchange[14][15]
479 298 6 Street SW / 7 Street SW Traffic signals
Proposed intersection closure[14][15]
480 300 Crowsnest Highway (Hwy 3 west) / Gershaw Drive (Hwy 41A east) – City Centre, Lethbridge Interchange
481 299 16 Street SW Traffic signals
Proposed intersection closure[14][15]
482 300 College Avenue / South Ridge Drive Interchange
483 300 13 Avenue SE Interchange
485 301 Dunmore Road / South Boundary Road Interchange
Cypress County Dunmore 492 306 Eagle Butte Road
494 307 Hwy 41 north / Township Road 120 – Oyen West end of Hwy 41 concurrency.
510 320 Hwy 41 south – Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park, Elkwater, Havre East end of Hwy 41 concurrency.
Irvine 514 319 Wilhelm Street
Walsh 531 330 4th Avenue
534 332 AlbertaSaskatchewan border
Continues as Hwy 1 east (Trans-Canada Highway) – Swift Current, Moose Jaw, Regina
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Department of Public Works (1939). "Highway Map of Province of Alberta Canada" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Alberta Official Road Map (Map) (2011 ed.). Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation. § L–3, L-4, L–5, L–6, M–6, M–7, M–8, and N–8. 
  3. ^ "National Highway System". Transport Canada. December 13, 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Provincial Highway 1-216 Progress Chart" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 10, 2016. Retrieved October 12, 2016. 
  5. ^ "The Trans-Canada Highway". Transport Canada. 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  6. ^ a b c d "August 2009 Contract Maintenance of Provincial Highways" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. May 28, 2009. Retrieved February 20, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Alberta Provincial Highway Projects". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  8. ^ "Exit Numbering – Recommended Practices" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. November 2004. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "TSB Newsletter – Volume 4, Issue 1" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2005. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ Schmidt, Colleen (June 13, 2014). "Crews complete twinning of Trans-Canada through Banff National Park". CTV News. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network East of Calgary, Highway 842 to Highway 797, Planning Study". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  12. ^ a b "Open House #1 – Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network, Highway 842 to Highway 797 Planning Study" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Retrieved April 14, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Dunmore Road interchange drives forward in Medicine Hat". Government of Alberta. February 29, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c "Highways 1 & 3 Existing Route Improvements: Highway 1 – 1 Street to 16 Street (Option 1 Revised)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Stantec. April 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c "Highways 1 & 3 Existing Route Improvements: Highway 1 – 1 Street to 16 Street (Option 2)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. Stantec. April 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2016. 
Preceded by
BC Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Highway 1
Succeeded by
SK Highway 1
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