Alberta Highway 1A

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Highway 1A shield

Highway 1A
Alberta Highway 001A.png
Segments of Highway 1A in Alberta
Route information
Maintained by Parks Canada, Alberta Transportation, City of Calgary
Bow Valley Parkway
Length 51 km (32 mi)
West end Hwy 1 at Lake Louise
Major
junctions
Hwy 93 at Castle Junction
East end Hwy 1 west of Banff
Bow Valley Trail
Length 103 km (64 mi)
West end Hwy 1 in Canmore
Major
junctions
Hwy 1X near Exshaw
Hwy 40 near Ghost Lake
Hwy 22 in Cochrane
Hwy 201 in Calgary
East end Hwy 1 in Calgary
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities
I.D. No. 9, M.D. of Bighorn No. 8, Rocky View County
Major cities Calgary
Towns Canmore, Cochrane
Villages Lake Louise
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

Hwy 1 Hwy 1X

Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1A is the designation of two alternate routes off the Alberta portion of the Trans-Canada Highway. However, it is not the only name used for spurs off Highway 1 - Highway 1X is another such designation. These highways, however, are not part of the Trans-Canada Highway network, and only have Alberta's provincial primary highway shields instead of the ones used for the Trans-Canada Highway.[1]

Bow Valley Parkway[edit]

The Lake Louise to Banff section of the Banff National Park 1A route is also known as the Bow Valley Parkway.[2] It begins at Highway 1 at Lake Louise, generally paralleling it until it meets Highway 1 again approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) west of Banff. It provides more immediate access to attractions in Banff National Park such as Castle Mountain and Johnston Canyon. This spur has a reduced speed limit of 60 km/h (37 mph), and provides opportunities to view wildlife at various times of the year.

Parks Canada introduced planned and marked pullovers along the route to enhance and educate visitors about the region. The Bow Valley Parkway is one of only two parkways between Lake Louise and Banff, and the only one that allows views of the mountain scenery, waterfalls, and various view points of the nearby rivers and creeks. It was the original highway that connected the valley and is advertised as a "year-round scenic heritage experience".[3]

Parks Canada enacted seasonal travel restrictions along the Bow Valley Parkway on a 17 km (11 mi) segment between the Johnston Canyon Campground and the Fireside Picnic Area (adjacent to the Highway 1 eastern junction). From March 1st to June 25th, travel is not permitted between 8 p.m. and 8 a.m. in order to protect wildlife. Highway 1 can be used as an alternate route.[3]

Major intersections[edit]

Starting from the west end of Highway 1A:[4]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km mi Destinations Notes
I.D. No. 9
(Banff National Park)
Lake Louise 0.0 0.0
Continues as Lake Louise Drive – Chateau Lake Louise, Moraine Lake
Hwy 1 (TCH) / Hwy 93 – Banff, Jasper, Golden Interchange
51°25′34″N 116°10′24″W / 51.42611°N 116.17333°W / 51.42611; -116.17333 (1A:01 km 00)
0.85 0.53 Whitehorn Road – Lake Louise Ski Resort Hwy 1A branches southeast
51°25′32″N 116°9′44″W / 51.42556°N 116.16222°W / 51.42556; -116.16222 (1A:01 km 01)
Castle Junction 26.8 16.7 To Hwy 93 south / Hwy 1 – Radium Hot Springs Former Hwy 1B
51°16′9″N 115°55′6″W / 51.26917°N 115.91833°W / 51.26917; -115.91833 (1A:01 km 27)
33.6 20.9 Johnston Creek Campground 51°14′33″N 115°50′10″W / 51.24250°N 115.83611°W / 51.24250; -115.83611 (1A:01 km 34)
33.6–
50.0
20.9–
31.1
Seasonal travel restriction
Closed between 8 pm – 8 am; March 1 – June 25[5]
50.3 31.3 Hwy 1 (TCH) – Banff, Calgary, Lake Louise Interchange
51°10′11″N 115°39′23″W / 51.16972°N 115.65639°W / 51.16972; -115.65639 (1A:01 km 50)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Closed/former

Bow Valley Trail[edit]

Alberta Highway 1A.svgAlberta Highway 1A (Bow Valley).svg

Bow Valley Trail

Length: 89 km (55 mi)
West end: Hwy 1 in Canmore
East end: 12 Mile Coulee Road, Calgary

The second of the 1A routes, known as the Bow Valley Trail, begins in Canmore, off of the Trans-Canada Highway at exit 91. It formerly began at the Trans-Canada Highway at exit 86 and passed through Canmore; however, ownership of the section was transferred to the Town of Canmore. The roadway still carries the name "Bow Valley Trail".[1]

From exit 91, it heads eastbound, along the Canadian Pacific Railway tracks, until it reaches the Hamlet of Exshaw. From Exshaw, Bow Valley Trail heads to the northeast, past Highway 1X.[1]

Just east of Highway 1X, Bow Valley Trail narrows and the speed limit is reduced to 80 km/h (50 mph) for approximately thirty kilometres as it passes through the Stoney Indian Reserve, where warning signs that there may be livestock and/or pedestrians on the road are posted. Highway 1A passes Morley approximately eight kilometres from the reserve's eastern boundary; the community is situated just south of the highway. As the highway leaves the reserve, it widens and the speed limit increases back to 100 km/h (62 mph). Shortly after leaving the reserve, the highway skirts the north shore of Ghost Lake, a manmade glacier lake that is a popular spot for Calgary's boating and sailing enthusiasts in the summer, as well as ice sailing in the winter.[citation needed] The lake also supplies most of the water power for Calgary through TransAlta Utilities. Highway 1A meets northbound Highway 40 approximately 3 km (1.9 mi) after passing Ghost Lake.

Looking east along the Bow Valley Trail crossing the Grand Valley Creek about 8 km west of Cochrane

From Highway 40, Bow Valley Trail proceeds towards the east, and then slightly to the southeast, before reaching the Town of Cochrane, where it intersects with Highway 22. There, the highway widens to 4 lanes as it leaves Cochrane and proceeds 18 km (11 mi) southeast until it reaches Calgary, meeting northbound Highway 766 about 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the city limits. Upon reaching the Calgary city limits at 12 Mile Coulee Road, it continues as Crowchild Trail, a major north-south expressway, (although it travels in a southeasterly direction from the city limits to 24 Avenue NW) through the northwest and southwest parts of the city. Within Calgary, it crosses Stoney Trail (Highway 201) as well as a number of major streets, before reuniting with the Trans-Canada Highway (known as 16 Avenue North) near McMahon Stadium and the University of Calgary. The section along Crowchild Trail is maintained by the City of Calgary rather than Alberta Transportation.

Major intersections[edit]

Starting from the west end of Highway 1A:[4]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km mi Destinations Notes
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8 Canmore −4.7 −2.9 Hwy 1 (TCH) – Banff, Calgary Interchange (exit 86 on Hwy 1); former western terminus
51°6′36″N 115°22′8″W / 51.11000°N 115.36889°W / 51.11000; -115.36889 (1A:02 km -05)
0.0 0.0 Hwy 1 (TCH) – Banff, Calgary Interchange (exit 91 on Hwy 1); western terminus
51°4′29″N 115°19′53″W / 51.07472°N 115.33139°W / 51.07472; -115.33139 (1A:02 km 00)
Exshaw 14.7 9.1 Windridge Road 51°3′36″N 115°9′35″W / 51.06000°N 115.15972°W / 51.06000; -115.15972 (1A:02 km 15)
21.9 13.6 Hwy 1X south to Hwy 1 – Seebe 51°6′9″N 115°5′13″W / 51.10250°N 115.08694°W / 51.10250; -115.08694 (1A:02 km 22)
Stoney Nos. 142, 143, and 144
(Stoney Nakoda First Nation)
Morley 43.2 26.8 Morley Road 51°10′46″N 114°50′42″W / 51.17944°N 114.84500°W / 51.17944; -114.84500 (1A:04 km 43)
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8 Ghost Lake 50.1 31.1 Range Road 63A 51°12′37″N 114°45′46″W / 51.21028°N 114.76278°W / 51.21028; -114.76278 (1A:04 km 50)
↑ / ↓ 54.1 33.6 Crosses Ghost Lake51°13′23″N 114°42′49″W / 51.22306°N 114.71361°W / 51.22306; -114.71361 (1A:04 km 54)
Rocky View County 58.2 36.2 Hwy 40 north (Forestry Trunk Road) – Waiparous, Nordegg 51°13′27″N 114°39′36″W / 51.22417°N 114.66000°W / 51.22417; -114.66000 (1A:04 km 58)
Cochrane 71.3 44.3 Hwy 22 (Cowboy Trail) to Hwy 1 – Sundre, Bragg Creek Traffic lights; interchange proposed (opening projected Fall 2019)[6][7]
51°11′54″N 114°29′10″W / 51.19833°N 114.48611°W / 51.19833; -114.48611 (1A:06 km 71)
73.9 45.9 Gleneagles Drive Eastbound exit, westbound entrance
51°11′29″N 114°27′7″W / 51.19139°N 114.45194°W / 51.19139; -114.45194 (1A:06 km 74)
76.2 47.3 Gleneagles Drive / Retreat Road (Range Road 40) Traffic lights
51°11′49″N 114°25′24″W / 51.19694°N 114.42333°W / 51.19694; -114.42333 (1A:06 km 76)
83.6 51.9 Hwy 766 north (Lochend Road / Range Road 32) – Madden 51°10′18″N 114°19′38″W / 51.17167°N 114.32722°W / 51.17167; -114.32722 (1A:06 km 84)
Bearspaw 87.1 54.1 Bearspaw Road (Range Road 30) 51°09′28″N 114°16′57″W / 51.15778°N 114.28250°W / 51.15778; -114.28250 (1A:06 km 87)
City of Calgary 89.6 55.7 12 Mile Coulee Road Calgary city limits; traffic lights; becomes Crowchild Trail
51°8′37″N 114°15′25″W / 51.14361°N 114.25694°W / 51.14361; -114.25694 (1A:06 km 89)
92.0 57.2 Stoney Trail (Hwy 201) Interchange (exit 41 on Hwy 201)
51°7′52″N 114°13′40″W / 51.13111°N 114.22778°W / 51.13111; -114.22778 (1A:07 km 092)
94.2 58.5 Nose Hill Drive Interchange
51°7′14″N 114°12′7″W / 51.12056°N 114.20194°W / 51.12056; -114.20194 (1A:07 km 094)
96.2 59.8 Sarcee Trail / Silver Springs Gate Interchange
51°6′38″N 114°10′42″W / 51.11056°N 114.17833°W / 51.11056; -114.17833 (1A:07 km 094)
97.3 60.5 53 Street NW Interchange
51°6′18″N 114°9′54″W / 51.10500°N 114.16500°W / 51.10500; -114.16500 (1A:07 km 097)
98.6 61.3 Shaganappi Trail Interchange
51°5′53″N 114°8′58″W / 51.09806°N 114.14944°W / 51.09806; -114.14944 (1A:07 km 098)
99.3 61.7 Northland Drive Interchange
51°5′37″N 114°8′32″W / 51.09361°N 114.14222°W / 51.09361; -114.14222 (1A:07 km 099)
100.1 62.2 Brisebois Drive / 40 Avenue NW Interchange
51°5′19″N 114°8′6″W / 51.08861°N 114.13500°W / 51.08861; -114.13500 (1A:07 km 100)
101.0 62.8 Charleswood Drive / 32 Avenue NW Interchange
51°4′59″N 114°7′32″W / 51.08306°N 114.12556°W / 51.08306; -114.12556 (1A:07 km 101)
102.0 63.4 16 Avenue NW (Hwy 1) – Medicine Hat, Banff Interchange; eastern terminus
51°4′1″N 114°7′5″W / 51.06694°N 114.11806°W / 51.06694; -114.11806 (1A:07 km 103)
Crowchild Trail continues towards Calgary City Centre
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Former alignments[edit]

Icefields Parkway[edit]

Alberta Highway 1A (1970s).svg

Highway 1A
(Icefields Parkway)
Location Banff N.P, Jasper N.P.
Length 228 km (142 mi)
Existed 1940–1959

When initially constructed, the Icefields Parkway was designated as Highway 1A between Lake Louise and Jasper. The route was renumbered to Highway 93 in 1959.[8]

Kicking Horse Pass[edit]

Alberta Highway 1A (1970s).svg

Highway 1A
Location Banff National Park
Length 6.0 km[9] (3.7 mi)
Existed 1962–2000s

A former section of Highway 1A exists along the former Kicking Horse Trail, the original road between Lake Louise and Golden, British Columbia that opened in 1926.[10] When the Trans-Canada Highway was realigned in 1962, the segment became Highway 1A.[11] It began at British Columbia Highway 1, 3 km (2 mi) west of the Alberta border in Yoho National Park. It meandered eastward through Kicking Horse Pass to Lake Louise, generally paralleling the main Highway 1 and CPR rail line to the south.[1] The section between Lake Louise (townsite) and Lake Louise (lake) is known as Lake Louise Drive, while the remainder of route is now closed to vehicle traffic and is part the Great Divide hiking trail.[12]

17 Avenue SE[edit]

Alberta Highway 1A (1970s).svg

Highway 1A
(17 Avenue SE)
Location Calgary, Chestermere
Length 14 km[13] (8.7 mi)
Existed 1949–2013

Highway 1A used to be an alternate route that followed 17 Avenue SE in Calgary and linked with Highway 1 in Chestermere. It began at Highway 2 (Deerfoot Trail) and Blackfoot Trail interchange and continued east along 17 Avenue SE where it passed through the former town of Forest Lawn. It crossed 116 Street SE, entering Chestermere, and terminated at the Highway 1 interchange. It was dropped by the province in 2013 and the section within Chestermere was renamed to Chestermere Boulevard.[14] As of 2016, remnant Highway 1A signage still remains on Deerfoot Trail and sections of 17 Avenue SE within Calgary; however, it has been removed along Stoney Trail, through Chestermere, and along the Trans-Canada Highway.

Downtown Calgary[edit]

Alberta Highway 1A (1970s).svg

Highway 1A
Location Calgary
Length 11 km[15] (6.8 mi)
Existed 1949–1970s

The existing Bow Valley Trail / Crowchild Trail section and former 17 Avenue SE section of Highway 1A used to be connected by following a series of streets through inner-city Calgary. From its present terminus, Highway 1A followed 16 Avenue NW east and was cosigned with Highway 1 to 14 Street NW. Highway 1A turned south, and after crossing the Bow River using the Mewata Bridge, and then branches east at its interchange Bow Trail. Highway 1A passed through downtown Calgary on a pair of one-way streets, with eastbound traffic following 9 Avenue S and westbound traffic following 6 Avenue S. East of 6 Street SE, both directions of Highway 1A followed 9 Avenue SE, crossing the Elbow River on the Inglewood Bridge and passing through the community of Inglewood, linking with eastern section of Highway 1A by either using 16 Street SE and Blackfoot Trail, or directly along 17 Avenue SE.[16] This section of Highway 1A was dropped in the 1970s.

Highway 1X[edit]

Highway 1X shield

Highway 1X
Highway 1X highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by Alberta Transportation
Length 4.5 km (2.8 mi)
Major junctions
South end Hwy 1 (TCH) west of Seebe
North end Hwy 1A east of Exshaw
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities
Kananaskis I.D., Bighorn No. 8 M.D.
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

Hwy 1A Hwy 2

Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1X is a spur highway between Highway 1 and Highway 1A approximately 7 km (4.3 mi) east of Exshaw near the western edge of the Stoney Indian Reserve.[1] It serves as the only Bow River crossing between Canmore to the west and Morley to the east, providing access to First Nations lands and communities in the area. At 4.5 km (2.8 mi) in length, it is one of Alberta's shortest provincial highways.[4]

Major intersections[edit]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km[4] mi Destinations Notes
Kananaskis Improvement District 0.0 0.0 Hwy 1 (TCH) – Canmore, Banff, Calgary Grade separated
Highway 1X begins
51°4′41″N 115°3′27″W / 51.07806°N 115.05750°W / 51.07806; -115.05750 (1X km 0.0)
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8 2.2 1.4 Crosses Bow River 51°5′48″N 115°3′51″W / 51.09667°N 115.06417°W / 51.09667; -115.06417 (1X km 2.2)
3.0 1.9 Seebe
4.5 2.8 Hwy 1A (Bow Valley Trail) – Exshaw, Canmore, Cochrane, Calgary Highway 1X ends
51°6′9″N 115°5′14″W / 51.10250°N 115.08722°W / 51.10250; -115.08722 (1X km 4.2)
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Google (December 16, 2016). "Southern Alberta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 16, 2016. 
  2. ^ Lake Louise Road & Trail Map
  3. ^ a b "Bow Valley Parkway". Parks Canada - Banff National Park. Government of Canada. February 16, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d "2016 Provincial Highway 1-216 Progress Chart" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Bow Valley Parkway Seasonal Travel Restriction". Banff National Park. Parks Canada. April 1, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Cochrane Interchange". Alberta Transportation. Government of Alberta. April 6, 2017. Retrieved August 30, 2017. 
  7. ^ Tucker, Erika (April 7, 2017). "Alberta government announces plans for Town of Cochrane interchange". Global News. Retrieved September 24, 2017. 
  8. ^ Official Road Map of the Province of Alberta (PDF) (Map). Department of Highways. 1960. §§ B-6, C-5, C-4. 
  9. ^ "Short Hikes - Great Divide". Parks Canada: Yoho National Park. Government of Canada. June 19, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2017. 
  10. ^ Williams, M.B.; National Parks of Canada (1930). The Kicking Horse Trail: Scenic Highway from Lake Louise, Alberta to Golden, British Columbia (PDF). Ottawa, ON: F.A. Acland: Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty. p. 21. Retrieved October 13, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Kicking Horse Pass National Historic Site of Canada". Parks Canada. Government of Canada. March 22, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2017. 
  12. ^ Map of Yoho National Park (PDF). Parks Canada. 2015. 
  13. ^ Google (December 21, 2016). "Old Hwy 1A - 17 Ave SE" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Highway 1A Becomes Chestermere Boulevard". Town of Chestermere. June 17, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  15. ^ Google (December 21, 2016). "Old Hwy 1A through downtown Calgary" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  16. ^ Province of Alberta Canada Official Road Map 1962 (Map). Government of the Province of Alberta. § Calgary inset.