Anthony Henday Drive
Anthony Henday Drive highlighted in red
|Maintained by Volker Stevin, Carmacks, Lafarge[a]|
|Length:||77.23 km[c] (47.99 mi)|
|History:||1990 (construction begins)
1992 (first segment open)
2016 (ring completed)
| Hwy 216
(Unsigned: Hwy 2, Hwy 14)[b]
|Ring road around Edmonton|
| Calgary Tr / Gateway Blvd
Stony Plain Rd / 100 Ave
Hwy 16 near St. Albert
St. Albert Trail
Hwy 15 / Manning Drive
Hwy 16 near Sherwood Park
Sherwood Park Freeway
|Major cities:||Edmonton, St. Albert, Sherwood Park|
Anthony Henday Drive is a 77 km (48 mi) freeway that encircles Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Designated as Highway 216 over its entire length, it is a heavily travelled commuter and truck bypass route, with the southwest quadrant serving as a portion of the critical CANAMEX Corridor linking Canada to the United States and Mexico. Henday is one of the busiest roads in Western Canada carrying over 105,000 vehicles per day near West Edmonton Mall. Rush hour congestion is common in southwest Edmonton where traffic levels have outpaced Alberta Transportation estimates by a significant margin due to rapid suburban development.
Calgary Trail in south Edmonton is designated as the starting point of the loop, with exit numbers increasing clockwise across the North Saskatchewan River to the Cameron Heights neighbourhood, then north past Whitemud Drive, Stony Plain Road and Yellowhead Trail to St. Albert. It continues east past 97 Street to Manning Drive, then south across the North Saskatchewan River a second time. Entering Strathcona County, it again crosses Yellowhead Trail before passing Sherwood Park and Whitemud Drive. Continuing south to Highway 14, the road re-enters southeast Edmonton and turns west to complete the ring.
The freeway was named after 18th century explorer Anthony Henday, one of the first European men to explore central Alberta. Its designation of 216 is derived from its bypass linkages to Edmonton's two major crossroads, Highways 2 and 16. Constructed over 26 years at a cost of $4.3 billion, Henday became the first freeway to surround a major Canadian city when the final segment opened on October 1, 2016. Planning of the ring began in the 1950s, followed by design work and initial land acquisition in the 1970s, and construction of the first expressway segment beginning in 1990. Plans for Henday were developed in tandem with Stoney Trail, a similar freeway around Calgary.
Anthony Henday Drive is a "barrier-free, illuminated, high speed, free-flow, fully access controlled facility" with a posted speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph) for its entire length around Edmonton, the first ring road of its type in Canada. The majority of Capital Region residents reside within the approximate 20 km (12 mi) diameter of the ring and there is extensive suburban development in close proximity to Henday. By physical size, Edmonton is larger than both Toronto and Montreal, but has a relatively low population density. Some have argued that the freeway is a significant contributor to urban sprawl in the region. The city also lacks a free-flowing north-south route, further increasing traffic levels on Anthony Henday Drive.
The roads travels primarily through suburban residential areas in the south and west of the city, and rural farm lands and wetlands in the north. The eastern section of the road separates the Sherwood Park portion of Refinery Row and other industrial and commercial developments in Edmonton to the west, from the balance of Sherwood Park to the east. At its widest point east of Edmonton between Whitemud Drive and Sherwood Park Freeway, Anthony Henday Drive is eight total lanes wide which includes three main travel lanes in each direction plus a fourth lane allowing traffic to merge onto and exit from the roadway. The highest number of through lanes is seven, between Aurum Road and 153 Avenue in northeast Edmonton. The entire road is paved with asphalt, except for an experimental 14.4 km (8.9 mi) concrete segment in southwest Edmonton, the first of its type in the province. Alberta Transportation intended for the section to have lower long-term maintenance costs, but only six years after construction it required significant repairs. Concrete was not considered for subsequent sections of the road, but overall it was deemed to be a successful experiment that would net long term savings.
West and north Edmonton
Alberta Transportation considers the starting point of Anthony Henday Drive to be at Calgary Trail / Gateway Boulevard in south Edmonton, with mileage increasing clockwise around the ring. At this major interchange, two westbound lanes of the freeway are joined by two lanes from northbound Gateway Boulevard and a third from southbound Calgary Trail. All five lanes merge into two over a short distance, creating congestion in the afternoon rush hour. Two westbound lanes continue across Blackmud Creek past 111 Street to 119 Street. Curving slightly to the southwest through the suburbs of south Edmonton, Henday crosses Whitemud Creek to an interchange at Rabbit Hill Road. Veering back to the northwest, the freeway passes beneath Terwillegar Drive before descending to cross the North Saskatchewan River on twin 360-metre (1,180 ft) bridges.:191
West of the river, the four lane freeway passes Maskêkosihk Trail and Cameron Heights Drive on its way to Lessard Road and Callingwood Road. Now on a northerly heading, traffic volume increases as the freeway reaches a major interchange at Whitemud Drive and widens to six lanes. A northbound braided ramp helps reduce congestion between Whitemud Drive and 87 Avenue, with which an interchange immediately follows. Henday continues north as a trunk route for west Edmonton suburbs, in addition to carrying traffic destined for south Edmonton using the freeway as a bypass. It crosses major interchanges at Stony Plain Road and Yellowhead Trail, providing access to Spruce Grove and Jasper respectively, before curving northeast toward the city of St. Albert. Between Whitemud Drive and Yellowhead Trail, Henday is officially concurrent with Highway 2, but this is not indicated on the road by signs.
In northwest Edmonton, Anthony Henday Drive first crosses Ray Gibbon Drive before continuing northeast to pass St. Albert to the southeast. After Ray Gibbon Drive, the freeway serves as the boundary between the cities of Edmonton and St. Albert. The six lane road continues over 137 Avenue and under 170 Street to Campbell Road where it reduces to two lanes each way from three. It continues curving east across 127 Street to Highway 28, the most northerly point on the ring road. Now forming the approximate boundary between Edmonton and Sturgeon County, the freeway passes south of CFB Edmonton before reaching 66 Street and a major interchange at Manning Drive/Highway 15, the former terminus of the freeway until the final section was completed in 2016.
East and south Edmonton
After Manning Drive, the freeway widens to six lanes and continues clockwise through northeast Edmonton past 153 Avenue to a second crossing of the North Saskatchewan River. Four lanes cross the river southbound, and three northbound. The twin bridge structures are similar in design to those of the southwest crossing, though slightly shorter at 304 m (997 ft). A bridge for pedestrians slung underneath the southbound lanes was again included. The seven lane freeway rises from the river valley into the Clover Bar area, crossing Aurum Road to a major interchange at Yellowhead Trail, crossing into Strathcona County.
In Strathcona County, the fourth southbound lane is dropped and the six lane freeway immediately passes over Petroleum Way en route to interchanges at Baseline Road and Sherwood Park Freeway, passing Refinery Row to the east. South of Sherwood Park Freeway, Anthony Henday Drive forms the boundary between Strathcona County and the city of Edmonton. The freeway continues to a second interchange at Whitemud Drive after which it is briefly concurrent with Highway 14 until that route branches to the southeast 2 km (1.2 mi) later. Anthony Henday Drive, now down to four lanes, re-enters the city of Edmonton and turns west toward its starting point. Before straightening out to a westerly heading, the freeway interchanges with 17 Street. Now heading due west, it then meets 50 Street after which it returns to a six lane freeway, crosses 91 Street, and returns to its starting point at Calgary Trail/Gateway Boulevard.
Alberta Transportation used several different interchange designs for the freeway, the most common being the partial cloverleaf ranging from four to six total ramps. This type of interchange is ideal for connections between freeways and arterial roads; they have a higher capacity than diamond interchanges, but do not have the weaving and merging problems of full cloverleaf interchanges. Loop ramps are also used to better conform to existing terrain or structures, or to increase merge/weave distances between closely spaced interchanges. For example, they were used at 91 Street to achieve at least 600 m (2,000 ft) of separation to Gateway Boulevard, which would not have been possible with a conventional diamond.
Anthony Henday Drive features several variations of the cloverstack, a common name for hybrid designs that allow for high speed left turns on elevated directional ramps. They retain loop ramps for the lesser used left turn movements significantly reducing cost and overall size of the interchange because fourth level flyovers are not required like in a stack interchange. Henday features two three-level interchanges; the cloverstack at Calgary Trail / Gateway Boulevard was the first three-level interchange to be constructed in Alberta. Several of the bridges in this interchange use a "Trellis Beam" concept in which many perpendicular girders are used to carry the upper roadway at a high degree of skew.
The busiest section of Anthony Henday Drive is in west Edmonton between 87 Avenue and Stony Plain Road where it carries over 105,000 vehicles per day, second only to Whitemud Drive among Edmonton roadways. The 4-lane section of the southwest quadrant between Calgary Trail and Whitemud Drive is significantly over capacity and sees major delays during peak periods. A contributing factor is the close proximity of interchanges between the North Saskatchewan River and Yellowhead Trail, which creates a problem known as weaving in which high volumes of traffic are trying to simultaneously enter and exit the roadway at the same time.
Traffic levels on Henday have risen much more quickly than anticipated. Alberta Transportation concedes that in 2001 the southwest section was projected to reach 40,000 vehicles per day by 2020 but reached that mark in 2009; as of 2015 it carries approximately 80,000 vehicles per day in the vicinity of 111 Street. Despite this, project manager Bill van der Meer has stated that Henday is operating efficiently, aside from peak hour congestion. Planning is underway to determine which sections of the southwest quadrant should be prioritized for widening. Alberta Transportation generally considers widening four lane highways when volumes reach between 30,000 and 50,000 cars per day. With the exception of a section in north Edmonton between Highway 28 and Manning Drive, all four lane sections of Henday were over 40,000 vehicles per day in 2015.
Alberta Transportation publishes yearly traffic volume data for provincial highways. The table below compares the AADT at several locations along Anthony Henday Drive using data from 2000, 2010 and 2015, expressed as an average daily vehicle count over the span of a year (AADT). Data for the northeast quadrant of the road between Manning Drive and Yellowhead Trail, which opened in late 2016, will not be available until 2018 after it has been open for one full calendar year.
|Section||127 St –
R. Gibbon Dr
|87 Ave –
Stony Plain Rd
|Calgary Tr –
|50 St –
The road is named after Isle of Wight explorer Anthony Henday, who travelled up the North Saskatchewan River to the area now known as Edmonton in the 18th century on a mission for the Hudson's Bay Company. Plans for a ring road around Edmonton began developing in the 1950s when the Edmonton Regional Planning Commission identified a need for the road to support future development in the Edmonton area, and the movement of goods and services around the province. Areas around the city that could potentially interfere with this growth were retained by the province and called a Restricted Development Area. In 1972, Edmonton City Council recommended that the city ask for the province to pay for the ring road. Shortly thereafter, the Alberta provincial government led by Premier Peter Lougheed continued land acquisitions to assemble a transportation utility corridor (TUC) for Edmonton and Calgary ring roads. Plans had evolved to provide right of way for future overhead high-voltage transmission lines, underground gas and oil pipelines, and water/storm sewer lines. By 1985, a study had been completed to plot an exact alignment of Anthony Henday Drive through the TUC and by the end of the decade most of the required land had been purchased from land owners. Unused land within the corridor may be leased out by the government as a source of revenue, but some landowners were unhappy that the province did not have a firm timeline for Henday's construction.
With its CANAMEX designation, the southwest quadrant of the ring was deemed to be the highest priority for construction, bypassing Edmonton to the southwest by connecting Highways 2 and 16. The first section of the bypass to be completed was from Whitemud Drive north to Stony Plain Road; it was constructed by the City of Edmonton beginning in 1990, and was completed in 1992 prior to the province taking over responsibility of the project. An additional 4 km (2.5 mi) extending the road north to Yellowhead Trail was completed by 1998.
Construction then shifted south, with completion of the road from Whitemud Drive south to 45 Avenue just north of what is currently the Lessard Road interchange. The next section extended the road on twin bridge structures across the North Saskatchewan River to Terwillegar Drive, opening on November 8, 2005. In December 2003, during construction of the southbound bridge, a girder collapsed and had to be replaced, delaying construction.:10 An extension further east to Calgary Trail was completed by October 2006, creating a full southwest bypass of Edmonton. It includes a semi-circular arch structure that spans Whitemud Creek, and three arch bridges over Blackmud Creek. A $168 million interchange that included seven bridges was constructed at Stony Plain Road, and the entire quadrant became free-flowing in late 2011 after the completion of smaller interchanges at Lessard Road, Callingwood Road, and Cameron Heights Drive. A flyover was originally planned on the western leg at 69 Avenue before it was ultimately scrapped by Alberta Transportation. The total cost of the entire 24 km (15 mi) southwest quadrant from Yellowhead Trail to Gateway Boulevard was $577 million.
|Hwy 14 – 50 St||2||2|
|50 St – 91 St||3||3|
|91 St. – Whitemud Dr||2||2|
|Whitemud Dr – 87 Ave||3||2|
|87 Ave – St. Albert Tr||3||3|
|St. Albert Tr – Victoria Tr||2||2|
|Victoria Tr – 153 Ave.||3||3|
|130 Ave – Aurum Rd||4||3|
|Aurum Rd – Hwy 14||3||3|
In 2003, Alberta began design work for the 11 km (6.8 mi) southeastern section from Gateway Boulevard to Highway 14. Unlike the southwest portion, the province announced its intention to construct the road via a public-private partnership (P3), also known as a design-build-operate project. This method of construction presented millions of dollars in savings to Alberta taxpayers, and allowed the project to be completed on an accelerated timeline because the consolidation of various sub-contracts are managed by one entity allowing for increased efficiencies. On January 25, 2005, Alberta signed a $493 million contract with a consortium called Access Roads to build the road and maintain it for 30 years. Construction began in April and was completed in October 2007. The new segment included 24 bridge structures and 5 interchanges, and connected Highway 14 to Yellowhead Trail in the west effectively creating a full southern bypass of Edmonton. It also provided an important link for the quickly growing southern communities of Ellserlie and Summerside to the rest of Edmonton's road network.
North construction and completion
Construction of an interim segment from Yellowhead Trail in the west to 137 Avenue was the first to be completed, as part of St. Albert's Ray Gibbon Drive project. Full work on the entire 21 km (13 mi) of the northwest leg from Yellowhead Trail to Manning Drive (Highway 15) was initiated in early 2008 after Alberta's signing of a $1.42 billion P3 agreement with Northwestconnect General Partnership to build and maintain the road for 30 years. Construction began in September 2008, described by then Premier Ed Stelmach as "an important step in meeting our provincial goal of completing the ring roads to a freeway status by 2015.” The project included the construction of two large cloverstack interchanges, one each at Yellowhead Trail and Manning Drive. Seven other smaller interchanges were also constructed, as well as five flyovers and two rail crossings. Three lanes each way were built from Yellowhead Trail to Campbell Road, and two lanes each way from Campbell Road to Manning Drive. All work was completed on time, and the leg opened to traffic on November 1, 2011.
In May 2012, Alberta signed a $1.81 billion P3 contract with Capital City Link General Partnership to build and maintain the final 9 km (5.6 mi) northeast segment of Anthony Henday Drive for 30 years after construction, from Manning Drive to Yellowhead Trail east of Edmonton in Strathcona County. A sod turning ceremony was held on July 16 and construction was underway, at the time the largest transportation project in the history of the province.[h] Significant reconstruction was done to the existing section of the road east of Edmonton from Yellowhead Trail south to Highway 14 that had been in place since at least the early 1960s.:186 It was formerly known as Highway 14X, the "X" denoting that the route was an extension of Highway 14. Prior to the completion of Whitemud Drive at the end of the 1990s, Highway 14 followed a more northerly alignment through Edmonton on Sherwood Park Freeway.
As part of the reconstruction, several bridges constructed between 1965 and 1974 were demolished.:186 They spanned Anthony Henday Drive at Yellowhead Trail, Baseline Road and Sherwood Park Freeway and were removed to make way for updated structures that would allow the freeway underneath to be widened to six lanes and further expanded to eight lanes or more in the future. A bridge built in 1969 carrying Broadmoor Blvd over Yellowhead Trail:93 was also demolished because it was not at the required elevation for the new interchange configuration. Yellowhead Trail from the North Saskatchewan River to Clover Bar Road was significantly improved and widened, as was Sherwood Park Freeway from 17 St to Ordze Road/Crescent in Sherwood Park.
Overall, the project included the construction of nine interchanges, two road flyovers, eight rail flyovers, and twin bridges over the North Saskatchewan River for a total of 47 bridge structures, and the demolition of 13 existing bridges. An extensive environmental assessment was also completed which identified the need for a wildlife crossing at the river, which was constructed. Noise analysis based on projected traffic volumes was also completed. The complex interchange at Yellowhead Trail includes several braided ramps, connections to adjacents roads, and is bisected by a railway line. On October 1, 2016, the northeast leg of the freeway was officially opened to traffic.
Major construction on Sherwood Park Freeway and Yellowhead Trail was also largely complete including all new lanes and ramps. Only minor aesthetic work remained such as landscaping, completion of mechanically stabilized earth walls, and painting of wing walls, piers, and abutments.
The road was built such that it could be widened at minimal cost, with almost all bridges built wide enough for expansion to the ultimate stage which includes as many as six main travel lanes in one direction, depending on location. Alberta has plans to widen the southwest leg of the road, which is well over capacity, but the plans are currently unfunded until at least 2020. Plans include widening both directions from 2 to 3 travel lanes in the congested southwest section between Highway 2 and Whitemud Drive, and the more extensive work required to widen the bridges over the North Saskatchewan River and Wedgewood Ravine which are currently 2 lanes of travel per bridge each way. In 2015, city councillor Michael Oshry stated that he was unhappy with the way the road was initially constructed, and Alberta should have done a better job of anticipating the rapid growth in southwest Edmonton. Project manager Bill van der Meer disagreed, saying, "If we built a six-lane divided road that was virtually empty for 10 years, that wouldn’t be money well spent."
As part of initial construction, grading was been completed for several future interchanges/flyovers and higher capacity directional ramps at existing interchanges, to reduce construction time and costs for those structures when traffic volumes require them. For example, the directional ramps constructed at the northwest Henday/Yellowhead Trail interchange were built one lane wide initially, but all bridge decks are wide enough to accommodate a second lane. Edmonton proposes to upgrade Terwillegar Drive to a freeway at an estimated cost of $1 billion, after which two directional ramps are proposed; they would carry traffic from northbound Terwillegar Drive to westbound Anthony Henday Drive, and from southbound to eastbound. On November 1, 2016, Alberta announced the intended closure of the right-in/right-out access at 127 Street in southwest Edmonton, citing safety concerns. However, in the following days, Edmonton requested that the access remain open indefinitely until alternatives were explored and the province agreed. An interchange to replace this access is planned for the future, but has no funding nor an estimated completion date. In the southeast, a directional ramp from eastbound Whitemud Drive to northbound Anthony Henday Drive is proposed, when traffic volumes warrant its construction.
To meet long-term requirements, Alberta Transportation also proposes to construct a high capacity directional ramp carrying traffic from eastbound Anthony Henday Dive to northbound Ray Gibbon Drive after the latter is twinned and upgraded to an freeway. Ray Gibbon Drive is proposed as a major corridor that will carry the Highway 2 designation in the future. One kilometre further down the road at 137 Avenue, grading was initially completed for a partial cloverleaf interchange but in 2008 Alberta elected not to spend $7 million to complete paving of the ramps because development did not yet require it. St. Albert mayor Nolan Crouse was unhappy with the decision, stating that his city would not pay for it either. "It's going to sit there until there's another plan, and right now we don't have a plan... we have taken the position that we think it's the province's responsibility, and they say they won't," Crouse said. As of 2016, there is no timeline for completion of the interchange.
Alberta proposes to construct a second ring road around Edmonton to support future growth, approximately 8 km (5 mi) beyond Anthony Henday Drive. The road would not be constructed for roughly 40 years, and could cost upwards of $11 billion. Parkland County mayor Rod Shaigec voiced his support for the plan, stating, “if we don’t implement and have another ring road, it’s going to be further traffic congestion and have environmental impacts as well.” Edmonton mayor Don Iveson calls the plan a bad idea, instead favouring expansion to Light Rail Transit and upgrades to existing roadways in the Edmonton area such as Yellowhead Trail. Both projects could be completed for the cost of the proposed outer ring road.
Exit numbering begins at Calgary Trail and increases clockwise.
|Anthony Henday Drive continues east towards 91 Street and Highway 14.|
| Gateway Boulevard north (Hwy 2) – City Centre
Calgary Trail south (Hwy 2) – Airport, Red Deer, Calgary
|1.5||0.93||Crosses Blackmud Creek — Coordinates:|
|2.0||1.2||2||111 Street||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
Recommended eastbound access to Ellerslie Road.
|3.3||2.1||3||119 Street||Right-in/right-out (westbound only).
|3.4||2.1||3||127 Street||Right-in/right-out (eastbound only).
|5.0||3.1||Crosses Whitemud Creek — Coordinates:|
|6.4||4.0||6||Rabbit Hill Road||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|8.3||5.2||8||Terwillegar Drive||Diamond interchange.
Cloverstack proposed as part of Terwillegar Drive upgrade to a freeway.
|5.0||3.1||Crosses the North Saskatchewan River — Coordinates:|
|11.7||7.3||12||Maskêkosihk Trail (to Hwy 627 west)
Cameron Heights Drive
|Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|14.1||8.8||14||Lessard Road||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|Partial cloverleaf interchange.
| Whitemud Drive east (Hwy 2 south)
Whitemud Drive west (to Hwy 628 west)
|Partial cloverleaf interchange.
South end of Hwy 2 unsigned concurrency
|18.8||11.7||19||Webber Greens Drive
87 Avenue – West Edmonton Mall
|Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|20.5||12.7||21|| Stony Plain Road west (Hwy 16A) – Spruce Grove, Stony Plain
100 Avenue east – City Centre
|22.4||13.9||22||109 Avenue||Right-in/right-out (southbound only).
|22.5||14.0||22||111 Avenue||Right-in/right-out (northbound only).
|24.5||15.2||25||Yellowhead Trail (Hwy 16 to Hwy 43; Exit 378) – Jasper, Grand Prairie||Cloverstack interchange.
North end of Hwy 2 unsigned concurrency.
|26.7||16.6||27||Ray Gibbon Drive – St. Albert
|Partial cloverleaf interchange.
Cloverstack interchange proposed.
|30.8||19.1||31|| St. Albert Trail (Hwy 2) – St. Albert, Athabasca
(Mark Messier Trail)
|Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|32.9||20.4||33||Campbell Road – St. Albert||Diamond interchange.
|35.3||21.9||35||127 Street||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|39.0||24.2||39||97 Street (Hwy 28 to Hwy 63) – City Centre, Cold Lake, Fort McMurray||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|42.4||26.3||43||66 Street||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|45.7||28.4||46||Manning Drive (Hwy 15 to Hwy 28A) – Fort Saskatchewan, Fort McMurray||Cloverstack interchange.
|48.7||30.3||49||153 Avenue||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|49.8||30.9||Crosses the North Saskatchewan River — Coordinates:|
|52.2||32.4||52||Aurum Road||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|Strathcona County||54.1||33.6||54||Yellowhead Trail (Hwy 16; Exit 400) – Sherwood Park, Lloydminster||Cloverstack interchange.
|57.4||35.7||58||Baseline Road / 101 Avenue – Sherwood Park, Edmonton||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|Sherwood Park Freeway – Edmonton
Wye Road (Hwy 630) – Sherwood Park
| Whitemud Drive west (Hwy 14) – Edmonton
Hwy 628 east (Township Road 522)
|Full cloverleaf interchange.
North end of unsigned Hwy 14 concurrency.
|67.0||41.6||67||Hwy 14 east – Camrose, Wainwright||Semi-directional T interchange.
South end of unsigned Hwy 14 concurrency
|Edmonton||69.4||43.1||70||17 Street||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|72.8||45.2||73||50 Street (to Hwy 814 south) – Beaumont||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
|76.0||47.2||76||91 Street||Partial cloverleaf interchange.
Recommended westbound access to Ellerslie Road.
| Gateway Boulevard north (Hwy 2) – City Centre
Calgary Trail south (Hwy 2) – Airport, Red Deer, Calgary
|Anthony Henday Drive continues west towards 111 Street and Terwillegar Drive.|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Various consortiums were awarded the public–private partnership (P3) contracts for construction of the southeast, northwest, and northwest legs of Anthony Henday Drive. For the duration of the contracts, a maintenance subcontractor of each consortium is responsible for the highway. Lafarge Infrastructure is responsible for the southwest and southeast quadrants, Volker Stevin the northeast section, and Carmacks Enterprises the northwest section. The southwest leg was not constructed via a P3 contract, so maintenance is directly contracted by Alberta Transportation to Lafarge.
- The entire freeway is designated as Highway 216. The short concurrencies with Highways 2 and 14 are both unsigned. In west Edmonton, Anthony Henday Drive is officially designated as Highway 2 (in addition to 216) between Whitemud Drive and Yellowhead Trail (exits 18-25). In Strathcona County east of Edmonton, Anthony Henday Drive is designated as Highway 14 between Whitemud Drive and Highway 14 (exits 64-67).
- The 2016 Provincial Highway 1-216 Progress Chart states an official length of 77.23 km, a number derived from the assumed highway centerline. Several other Alberta Transportation documents, including the highway's overview page and the press release signifying the completion of the freeway, state a rounded figure of 80 km.
- A paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Transportation Association of Canada in 2005 has additional details of the bridge structures, and analyzed the construction process.
- "Sask. River" refers to the crossing of the North Saskatchewan River in southwest Edmonton. SPF = Sherwood Park Freeway. YHT = Yellowhead Trail (Highway 16).
- Portions of the southwest leg had been open since 1992, but it was not a freeway for the entire length of the segment until completion of the final interchange in 2011.
- In this table, CW = clockwise (inner ring) and CCW = counter-clockwise (outer ring). Whitemud Dr. refers to the interchange of Whitemud Drive in west Edmonton, not the junction in Strathcona County east of Edmonton.
- In 2016, Alberta committed over $2 billion to construction of Stoney Trail in southwest Calgary.
- "Roadways". Lafarge Infrastructure. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
Lafarge Infrastructure is responsible for the operations and maintenance of the West, South, and East legs of Anthony Henday Drive Ring Road.
- "Volker Stevin Highways part of JV that reaches financial close on next leg of Ring Road project". Volker Stevin. June 15, 2012. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- "Highway Maintenance". Carmacks. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
The 30 year contract to maintain the NW Anthony Henday in Edmonton commenced November 1, 2011.
- "Ring Roads - Edmonton & Calgary". Alberta Transportation. 2016. Archived from the original on December 7, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
Anthony Henday Drive... used both conventional (SW) delivery and public-private partnership (P3) delivery (SE/NW).
- "2016 Provincial Highway 1-216 Progress Chart" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
- Google (November 17, 2016). "Anthony Henday Drive in Edmonton, Alberta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
- "Northeast Anthony Henday Drive". Alberta Transportation. 2016. Archived from the original on October 12, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
The northeast leg of Anthony Henday Drive opened on October 1, 2016, after five years of construction...
- "Ring road around Edmonton opens today". Alberta Transportation. October 1, 2016. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
Now that Alberta’s first ring road is complete, drivers have 80 kilometres of free-flow traffic around Edmonton...
- "Schedule 18 - Technical Requirements (Northeast)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- Taylor, Aaron (August 15, 2013). "A year of Henday construction done". Fort Saskatchewan Record. Sun Media. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
...the Henday into a complete ring, making it the first road of its kind in Canada.
- Barnes, Dan (September 26, 2015). "Weekend read: Life in the slow lane, the saga of the Southwest Henday". Edmonton Journal. Archived from the original on June 29, 2016. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
- For a 2012 report analyzing the construction of infrastructure near the outskirts of the city, see Hoang, Linda (May 10, 2012). "Urban sprawl to cost city $1.2 billion: report". CTV News. Archived from the original on October 15, 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
...there has been an increased [real estate] interest in areas on the fringes of the city. Urban sprawl... is set to cost the city $1.2 billion, according to a new report...
- For a 2016 report, see Tumilty, Ryan (March 17, 2016). "Edmonton sprawl will cost $1.4 billion more than it will bring in". Edmonton Metro News. Archived from the original on March 18, 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- For a debate regarding the use of infill, see "Infill debate continues to rage in west Edmonton neighbourhood". CBC News. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016.
Graham said infills are used to increase the density in neighbourhoods in an attempt to combat urban sprawl. He believes that Edmonton is taking responsible action by pushing for these developments. "We can't afford to keep building ring roads, so we have to find ways to increase density in these mature neighborhoods."
- "Northeast Leg – Anthony Henday Drive - Environmental Assessment - Final Report" (PDF). June 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 26, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
- "First concrete roadway built by the province". Alberta Transportation. October 16, 2006. p. 2. Archived from the original on March 25, 2015.
The concrete... is approximately 14 kilometres in length and is the first... built by the province.
- Ramsay, Caley (August 15, 2012). "Traffic nightmare on Anthony Henday Drive". Global News. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
- Nima, Mekdam; Bassi, Paul; Middleton, David; Spratlin, Matthew (2005). "Constructability of the North Saskatchewan River Bridge" (PDF). Calgary. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 8, 2016.
- "Transportation Infrastructure Management System - Existing Structures in the Provincial Highway Corridor" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. September 28, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- "Schedule 18 - Technical Requirements (Northwest)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. July 29, 2008. p. 32. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
Construction of Anthony Henday Drive mainlines from Highway 16 (West) to Manning Drive, with paving of three lanes in each direction from Highway 16 (West) to Campbell Road and two lanes in each direction from Campbell Road to Manning Drive.
- "Map of Strathcona County and capital region (994.7 KB)" (PDF). Strathcona County. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- "Northeast Anthony Henday: A Look at the Numbers" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. August 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 25, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- "Project Development and Design Guide (Chapter 7)" (PDF). Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT). January 2006. pp. 14–15. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 14, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
However, [cloverleaf] interchanges introduce several undesirable operational features such as double exits and entrances from the mainline, weaving between entering and exiting vehicles, lengthy travel time and distance for left-turning vehicles, and large amounts of required right-of-way.
- "A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets" (PDF). American Association of State Highway and Transportation. 2001. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
- p. 860. "...interchange designs that eliminate weaving entirely or at least remove it from the main facility are desirable."
- p. 831. "...at a particular interchange site, topography and culture may be the factors that determine the quadrants in which the ramps and loops can be developed."
- "Schedule 18 - Technical Requirements (Southeast)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. October 22, 2004. p. 37. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
The absolute minimum weaving distance on the mainline facility will be 600 m, based on attaining a minimum Level of Service C (as defined in Alberta Transportation Highway Geometric Design Guide).
- "A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets" (PDF). American Association of State Highway and Transportation. 2001. p. 844. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
A combination of directional, semidirectional, and loop ramps may be appropriate where turning volumes are high for some movements and low for others...
- Associated Engineering (January 1, 2008). "Three Crossings On Henday". Canadian Consulting Engineer. Archived from the original on December 7, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- Google (September 2015). ""Trellis Beam" structure over Calgary Trail in Edmonton". Google Street View. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- "Alberta Highways 1 to 986 - Traffic Volume History 1962 - 2015" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. February 23, 2016. pp. 101–102. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- Barnes, Dan (September 25, 2015). "Ring of ire: Edmonton's clogged southwest Henday fires up drivers". Edmonton Journal. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Pike, Helen; Tumilty, Ryan (October 1, 2015). "Province looks at expanding Highway 2 between Calgary and Edmonton". Metro News. Archived from the original on November 18, 2016. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
Highways typically get an expansion to between six or eight lanes when volumes reach between 30,000 and 50,000 cars per day, the [Alberta Transportation] document states.
- For Lessard Road and Callingwood Road, see "Three more interchanges open on Southwest Henday for safer, smoother traffic". Alberta Transportation. November 4, 2011. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
- For Cameron Heights Drive, see "Governments of Canada and Alberta to remove final set of traffic lights from Edmonton Ring Road". Alberta Transportation. March 24, 2010. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
- Aubrey, Merrily K.; Brugeyroux; Christie-Milley; Field; Fitzsimonds (2004). Naming Edmonton: From Ada to Zoie. The University of Alberta Press (1 ed.). Edmonton. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-88864-423-7. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- Wilson, Clifford (2003). "Henday, Anthony". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Archived from the original on August 15, 2016. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
- Bettison, David George; Kenward, John K.; Taylor, Larrie (1975). Urban Affairs in Alberta. University of Alberta. p. 313. ISBN 978-0-88864-009-3. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- "Paula Simons: After 26 years, Anthony Henday ring road finally comes full circle". Edmonton Journal. September 30, 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
- "Transportation/Utility Corridors" (PDF). Government of Alberta. 2009. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
- "TUC Program Policy" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. April 16, 2004. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
Depending on the characteristics of a project and the authorizations required, [Alberta] may charge an individual or organization one or more fees for using provincial Crown lands within a TUC. [Alberta] will charge a lessee rent for a lease of provincial Crown lands within a TUC...
- Hobshawn-Smith (April 3, 2012). Foodshed: An Edible Alberta Alphabet. Touchwood Editions. p. 170. ISBN 978-1-927129-16-6. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- "CANAMEX Trade Corridor". Alberta Transportation. Archived from the original on January 25, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
Many projects have contributed to the overall efficiency of the CANAMEX/North-South Trade Corridor, some examples include: ... The completion of the southwest quadrant of the Edmonton Ring Road.
- "Intelligent Transportation Systems Study for the Edmonton and Calgary Ring Roads" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 1, 2004. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 5, 2010.
AHD is part of Alberta Transportation’s initiative to provide a high standard highway trade corridor linking Alberta to the United States and Mexico. In addition, the roadway forms an important part of Edmonton’s overall transportation system and is included in the City’s Transportation Master Plan..
- "1990/1991 Annual Report" (PDF). Edmonton: Alberta Transportation and Utilities. 1992. p. 20. Retrieved November 4, 2016 – via University of Alberta Libraries.
Completed construction of a four-lane arterial road from Whitemud Drive to Stony Plain Road.
- "Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation Annual Report 2005-2006" (PDF). Alberta Infrastructure. 2006. p. 29. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
This section includes new twin bridges over the North Saskatchewan River... the bridges are designed to accommodate four lanes of traffic in the future.
- "Groat Road Bridge: Five bridge failures, past and present". CBC News. March 17, 2015. Archived from the original on March 23, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
On Dec.14, 2003, a 100-tonne steel girder that was designed to support a southbound vehicle deck... twisted and collapsed. The girder had to be replaced.
- "Drivers caught in traffic as bridge work continues". CBC News. October 12, 2006. Archived from the original on October 5, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
- For the Alberta Transportation press release, see "Province officially opens Anthony Henday Drive Southwest to 30,000 daily motorists - First completed ring road section in Alberta opens to traffic". Alberta Transportation. October 16, 2006. p. 1. Archived from the original on March 25, 2015.
- "Governments of Canada and Alberta fund Edmonton ring road interchange". Alberta Transportation. March 6, 2009. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
- "City opts to add signage along contested Ormsby Road". CBC News. September 13, 2013. Archived from the original on December 24, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "P3 enables Anthony Henday Drive S.E. to open in 2007". Alberta Transportation. January 25, 2005. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
- "Construction set to begin on north Edmonton ring road". Government of Alberta. July 30, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- "Construction officially starts on Northwest Anthony Henday Drive". Alberta Transportation. September 25, 2008. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Schedule 13 - New Infrastructure (Northwest)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 26, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- "Open road beckons drivers in northwest Edmonton". Government of Alberta. November 1, 2011. Archived from the original on May 3, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
- For financial terms of the deal, see "P3 project reaches financial close". Alberta Transportation. May 18, 2012. Archived from the original on August 26, 2016. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
...contract is worth $1.81 billion in 2012 dollars...
- Slimm, Justin (September 15, 2016). "Alberta NDP awards contract to build missing piece of southwest Calgary ring road". Global News. Archived from the original on November 5, 2016.
About $2.1 billion was allocated for the southwest Calgary ring road. The total cost of the massive project is expected to be around $2.2 billion.
- 1969 Alberta Official Highway Road Map (Map) (1969 ed.). Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- "Updated timeline: Baseline bridge demolition". Alberta Transportation. May 17, 2013. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
- Martell, Krysta (June 5, 2015). "Broadmoor bridge to be demolished". Sherwood Park News. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
"We need to shut down a section of the Yellowhead Trail to allow for the [Brooadmoor] bridge demolition... because we need to bring the entire interchange onto a higher elevation" - Vanessa Urkow/Alberta Tranportation
- "Construction digs-in on final leg of Edmonton ring road" (PDF). Government of Alberta. July 16, 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
- "Schedule 18 - Technical Requirements (Northwest)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. July 29, 2008. p. 463. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
10 Lane Ultimate Stage.
- Ramsay, Caley (September 14, 2016). "'It's getting close to full': Southwest leg of Anthony Henday Drive reaching capacity". Global News. Archived from the original on September 15, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Fiscal Plan/Capital Plan 2016" (PDF). Government of Alberta. 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- ISL Engineering / Al-Terra Engineering (March 2010). "170 Street" (PDF). Concept Planning Study. City of Edmonton. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 12, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2011.
- Stolte, Elise (November 1, 2016). "Edmonton protests province's closure of 127 Street access to Henday, key south-side link". Edmonton Journal. Archived from the original on November 1, 2016.
- Mertz, Emily (November 10, 2016). "Closure of Henday exit at 127 Street postponed". Global News. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- "North East Edmonton Ring Road Advanced Functional Plan - Bridge Planning Summary Report" (PDF). ISL Engineering and Land Services. March 2010. p. 9. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
- "Schedule 18, Appendix A – Drawings Issued for Agreement (Northwest)" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. July 29, 2008. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
- "Alberta Transportation: Planning in the Capital Region" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. p. 14. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2016. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
[Ray Gibbon Drive is] identified [as] an ultimate freeway corridor, which includes limited highway access & interchange locations.
- "Henday's exit to nowhere". Edmonton Journal. November 25, 2008. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- Parrish, Julia (July 10, 2014). "Capital Region leaders talk about building new outer ring road, Edmonton mayor calls it a 'lousy' idea". CTV News. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014.
- Barnes, Kateryna (July 10, 2014). "Push for second ring road around Edmonton hitting roadblocks". Global News. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016.