Alberta general election, 1905
25 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
13 seats were needed for a majority
The Alberta general election of 1905 was the first general election held in the Province of Alberta, Canada. It was held on 9 November 1905, to elect members of the Alberta legislature to the 1st Alberta Legislative Assembly, shortly after the province was created out of the Northwest Territories on 1 September 1905.
The Alberta Liberal Party of Alexander C. Rutherford won twenty three of the twenty five seats in the new legislature, defeating the Conservative Party, which was led by a young lawyer, Richard Bennett, who later served as Prime Minister of Canada.
Prior to the 1905 election the two political parties saw numerous changes and defections, In Alberta a host of former Liberal-Conservative MLA's jumped ship to the Liberals, when Sir Wilfrid Laurier appointed the Liberal provisional government prior to the election. The Conservatives had no strong leader to rally around at the time as Frederick Haultain, had moved to Saskatchewan.
The election in 1905 was a bitter one, especially in Calgary and Southern Alberta where the Liberals were accused of vote tampering and interfering with Conservative voters. Recounts especially in Calgary took almost a month and saw the result swing back and forth. The scandal led to the arrest of some key Liberal organizers, including William Cushing's campaign manager, who had been a returning officer at a Calgary polling station.
|Party||Party Leader||Candidates||Elected||Popular Vote|
|Liberal||Alexander C. Rutherford||261||22||14,4853||57.56%|
|Source: Elections Alberta|
- 2 Liberals contested the Peace River district after the results were voided.
- Conservative L. Dubuc only contested the original Peace River election.
- Vote returns for the first Peace River election are not included in totals.
Members of the Legislative Assembly elected
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For complete electoral history, see individual districts
James Cornwall was declared elected to the Peace River district on election night 1905 for the Liberal Party. The election results were overturned by significant irregularities leaving the seat vacant. A new election was held on 15 February 1906.
Thomas Brick declared his candidacy in the new election for the Liberals after being asked to run by a large group of people who appeared at his homestead. He faced James Cornwall who attempted to re-win his seat and he also ran under the Liberal banner. The runner up candidate from the original 1905 election Conservative candidate Lucien Dubuc did not run again leaving a rare two way race under the same party banner. Thomas Brick would go on to defeat James Cornwall in a landslide.
|Peace River||James Cornwall||Liberal|
|15 February 1906|
|Peace River||Thomas Brick||Liberal|
- "Members elected to first legislature November 17, 1905". Alberta Advocate. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
- Yvette T. M. Mahé. "I remember Peace River, Alberta and adjacent districts. Part I". The Women's Institute of Peace River. Retrieved 2007-03-18.