Alberta provincial electoral districts

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Alberta provincial electoral districts are currently single member ridings that each elect one member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. There are 87 districts fixed in law in Alberta.

History[edit]

The original twenty five districts were drawn up by Liberal Member of Parliament Frank Oliver prior to the first general election of 1905. The original boundaries were widely regarded as being gerrymandered to favor the Alberta Liberal Party. Every boundary redistribution since 1905 has been based on the original boundaries, with districts being split or merged.

From 1905 to 1926 with only a few exceptions each district elected a single member on the First Past the Post system. Calgary and Edmonton as well as Medicine Hat were elected on a plurality block vote, where each voter had as many votes as candidates were elected.

There have also been a couple of cases where members were elected at large, and did not represent any districts.

From 1926 to 1955 members in Calgary and Edmonton were elected in Single Transferable Vote super ridings that had five to seven members. Outside of the two cities one member was elected under the optional system, with vote transfer taking place only if one candidate had less than 50% of the vote. There were no district changes between 1926 and 1940.

With Alberta in a population boom in the fifties and Calgary and Edmonton growing, single transferable vote was becoming too complicated, with vote counting taking days before any results could be announced. In 1959 the "super-ridings" were broken up and the voting system was made standard across the province.

In 1977 Elections Alberta was created to independently oversee election laws. Independent boundary commissions were set up to tweak the boundaries to population changes that occurred after every census.

As is the case with nearly every other Canadian jurisdiction, the number of districts has not increased in proportion to the population. Prior to the 1986 election the number of districts was fixed by law at 83 thus any change to that number would have to be enacted by the legislature. Even though the population has increased by more than 40% since 1986, the number of districts did not change until 2010. The 2012 election saw the number increase to 87.

Naming conventions[edit]

Like the federal districts in Alberta, urban ridings all begin with the city name. This also applies where an urban area is divided and joined with rural areas, such as Grande Prairie-Wapiti and Grande Prairie-Smoky.

Unlike federal practice, Alberta uses hyphens to join all name elements. This is true for electoral districts named for multiple communities as well as urban districts (where the city name is followed by a direction, a neighbourhood, a landmark, or the name of a historical politician). For example, compare the provincial Fort McMurray-Conklin with the federal Fort McMurray—Cold Lake, where the em dash is used instead of the hyphen to join names of separate communities. Also compare the provincial Edmonton-Strathcona with the federal Edmonton Strathcona, where a space indicates that Strathcona is a neighbourhood of Edmonton.

Current districts named for individuals include several premiers:

Three are named for former party leaders:

In addition, Edmonton-McClung is named for suffragette and MLA Nellie McClung. The abolished riding of Edmonton-Roper was named for CCF leader Elmer Roper.

List of provincial electoral districts[edit]

Name Created MLA   Party Population Median
Income, 2011[1]
2011[2] 2016[3]
Airdrie 2012 Pitt, AngelaAngela Pitt Wildrose 45,955 57,930 $60,524
Athabasca-Sturgeon-Redwater 2012 Piquette, ColinColin Piquette New Democrat 37,060 38,051 $56,741
Banff-Cochrane 1940* Westhead, CamCam Westhead New Democrat 46,075 63,990 $56,603
Barrhead-Morinville-Westlock 2004 Van Dijken, GlennGlenn Van Dijken   Wildrose 40,670 45,030 $48,588
Battle River-Wainwright 2004 Taylor, WesWes Taylor   Wildrose 37,675 36,905 $46,988
Bonnyville-Cold Lake 1997 Cyr, ScottScott Cyr Wildrose 35,165 39,696 $59,996
Calgary-Acadia 2012 Payne, BrandyBrandy Payne New Democrat 37,890 43,000 $53,262
Calgary-Bow 1971 Drever, DeborahDeborah Drever New Democrat 39,520 45,049 $64,985
Calgary-Buffalo 1971 Ganley, KathleenKathleen Ganley New Democrat 39,415 52,963 $54,913
Calgary-Cross 1993 Miranda, RicardoRicardo Miranda New Democrat 46,195 59,406 $42,992
Calgary-Currie 1971 Malkinson, BrianBrian Malkinson New Democrat 44,450 51,611 $53,241
Calgary-East 1963* Luff, RobynRobyn Luff New Democrat 47,735 56,618 $43,880
Calgary-Elbow 1971 Clark, GregGreg Clark Alberta Party 45,760 48,363 $67,959
Calgary-Fish Creek 1979 Gotfried, RichardRichard Gotfried Progressive Conservative 38,455 40,566 $64,793
Calgary-Foothills 1971 Panda, PrasadPrasad Panda Wildrose 43,015 54,180 $65,262
Calgary-Fort 1997 Ceci, JoeJoe Ceci New Democrat 41,660 51,083 $46,862
Calgary-Glenmore 1959 Kazim, AnamAnam Kazim New Democrat 46,095 48,972 $58,712
Calgary-Greenway 2012 Gill, PrabPrab Gill Progressive Conservative 46,130 56,474 $41,333
Calgary-Hawkwood 2012 Connolly, MichaelMichael Connolly New Democrat 47,520 52,223 $64,978
Calgary-Hays 2004 McIver, RicRic McIver Progressive Conservative 41,505 46,893 $66,327
Calgary-Klein 2012 Coolahan, CraigCraig Coolahan New Democrat 42,800 49,130 $55,235
Calgary-Lougheed 1993 Rodney, DaveDave Rodney Progressive Conservative 47,285 54,734 $60,144
Calgary-Mackay-Nose Hill 2012 McPherson, KarenKaren McPherson New Democrat 42,535 56,625 $54,491
Calgary-McCall 1971 Sabir, IrfanIrfan Sabir New Democrat 45,245 68,523 $42,245
Calgary-Mountain View 1971 Swann, DavidDavid Swann Liberal 40,850 47,808 $64,783
Calgary-North West 1979 Jansen, SandraSandra Jansen New Democrat 46,460 51,011 $76,108
Calgary-Northern Hills 2012 Kleinsteuber, JamieJamie Kleinsteuber New Democrat 51,610 61,377 $58,324
Calgary-Shaw 1986 Sucha, GrahamGraham Sucha New Democrat 43,940 48,056 $63,218
Calgary-South East 1959* Fraser, RickRick Fraser Progressive Conservative 48,945 79,034 $64,020
Calgary-Varsity 1993 McLean, StephanieStephanie McLean New Democrat 40,875 48,107 $60,908
Calgary-West 1959 Ellis, MikeMike Ellis Progressive Conservative 40,950 45,966 $85,624
Cardston-Taber-Warner 1997 Hunter, GrantGrant Hunter Wildrose 38,505 43,467 $44,658
Chestermere-Rocky View 2012 Aheer, LeelaLeela Aheer Wildrose 45,925 46,966 $64,826
Cypress-Medicine Hat 1993 Barnes, DrewDrew Barnes Wildrose 40,345 41,148 $50,184
Drayton Valley-Devon 2012 Smith, MarkMark Smith Wildrose 40,215 47,883 $50,869
Drumheller-Stettler 2004 Strankman, RickRick Strankman Wildrose 36,840 37,852 $43,459
Dunvegan-Central Peace-Notley 2012 McCuaig-Boyd, MargMarg McCuaig-Boyd New Democrat 23,050 25,192 $44,932
Edmonton-Beverly-Clareview 1997 Bilous, DeronDeron Bilous New Democrat 45,475 51,834 $49,755
Edmonton-Calder 1971* Eggen, DavidDavid Eggen New Democrat 44,655 53,918 $52,833
Edmonton-Castle Downs 1997 Goehring, NicoleNicole Goehring New Democrat 45,740 52,775 $54,878
Edmonton-Centre 1959 Shepherd, DavidDavid Shepherd New Democrat 40,750 51,659 $48,993
Edmonton-Decore 2004 Nielsen, ChrisChris Nielsen New Democrat 43,755 49,942 $48,398
Edmonton-Ellerslie 1993 Loyola, RodRod Loyola New Democrat 42,540 59,091 $54,820
Edmonton-Glenora 1971 Hoffman, SarahSarah Hoffman New Democrat 42,000 48,138 $50,122
Edmonton-Gold Bar 1971 Schmidt, MarlinMarlin Schmidt New Democrat 42,540 44,691 $58,042
Edmonton-Highlands-Norwood 2004 Mason, BrianBrian Mason New Democrat 43,020 54,804 $46,860
Edmonton-Manning 1993 Sweet, HeatherHeather Sweet New Democrat 44,860 51,953 $53,328
Edmonton-McClung 1993 Dach, LorneLorne Dach New Democrat 39,265 42,971 $55,752
Edmonton-Meadowlark 1971 Carson, JonJon Carson New Democrat 41,925 52,039 $49,474
Edmonton-Mill Creek 1997 Woollard, DeniseDenise Woollard New Democrat 41,495 56,995 $52,849
Edmonton-Mill Woods 1979 Gray, ChristinaChristina Gray New Democrat 41,030 48,364 $49,154
Edmonton-Riverview 1997 Sigurdson, LoriLori Sigurdson New Democrat 40,000 45,517 $57,990
Edmonton-Rutherford 1993 Feehan, RichardRichard Feehan New Democrat 40,185 45,255 $57,782
Edmonton-South West 2012 Dang, ThomasThomas Dang New Democrat 43,780 66,489 $64,343
Edmonton-Strathcona 1971 Notley, RachelRachel Notley New Democrat 40,315 44,400 $51,350
Edmonton-Whitemud 1971 Turner, BobBob Turner New Democrat 48,860 52,574 $72,504
Fort McMurray-Conklin 2004 Jean, BrianBrian Jean Wildrose 26,075 29,533 $98,417
Fort McMurray-Wood Buffalo 2012 Yao, TanyTany Yao Wildrose 40,855 59,576 $106,908
Fort Saskatchewan-Vegreville 2004 Littlewood, JessicaJessica Littlewood New Democrat 42,945 49,399 $57,137
Grande Prairie-Smoky 1993 Loewen, ToddTodd Loewen Wildrose 44,115 57,580 $57,038
Grande Prairie-Wapiti 1993 Drysdale, WayneWayne Drysdale Progressive Conservative 48,800 56,975 $60,916
Highwood 1971 Anderson, WayneWayne Anderson Wildrose 48,940 56,268 $60,078
Innisfail-Sylvan Lake 1993 McIntyre, DonDon McIntyre Wildrose 42,230 43,996 $51,930
Lac La Biche-St. Paul-Two Hills 2012 Hanson, DaveDave Hanson Wildrose 30,790 38,260 $43,825
Lacombe-Ponoka 2004 Orr, RonRon Orr Wildrose 39,760 44,389 $49,907
Leduc-Beaumont 2012 Anderson, ShayeShaye Anderson New Democrat 46,550 52,734 $58,093
Lesser Slave Lake 1971 Larivee, DanielleDanielle Larivee New Democrat 27,700 30,094 $49,192
Lethbridge-East 1971 Fitzpatrick, MariaMaria Fitzpatrick New Democrat 43,175 44,927 $45,912
Lethbridge-West 1971 Phillips, ShannonShannon Phillips New Democrat 40,285 46,211 $49,241
Little Bow 1913 Schneider, DaveDave Schneider Wildrose 37,755 39,627 $41,775
Livingstone-Macleod 1997 Stier, PatPat Stier Wildrose 42,700 42,794 $46,943
Medicine Hat 1905* Wanner, BobBob Wanner New Democrat 38,350 44,469 $48,013
Olds-Didsbury-Three Hills 1997 Cooper, NathanNathan Cooper Wildrose 43,010 47,038 $47,923
Peace River 1905 Jabbour, DebbieDebbie Jabbour New Democrat 35,680 41,492 $49,380
Red Deer-North 1986 Schreiner, KimKim Schreiner New Democrat 43,765 58,914 $49,891
Red Deer-South 1986 Miller, BarbBarb Miller New Democrat 46,800 51,627 $54,916
Rimbey-Rocky Mountain House-Sundre 2012 Nixon, JasonJason Nixon Wildrose 40,205 41,942 $44,905
Sherwood Park 1986 McKitrick, AnnieAnnie McKitrick New Democrat 41,475 45,474 $69,023
Spruce Grove-St. Albert 2012 Horne, TrevorTrevor Horne New Democrat 51,800 59,453 $63,117
St. Albert 1905 Renaud, MarieMarie Renaud New Democrat 44,420 48,430 $67,036
Stony Plain 1905 Babcock, ErinErin Babcock New Democrat 42,430 47,018 $63,712
Strathcona-Sherwood Park 2012 Cortes-Vargas, EstefaniaEstefania Cortes-Vargas New Democrat 46,620 46,971 $71,299
Strathmore-Brooks 1997 Fildebrandt, DerekDerek Fildebrandt Wildrose 44,900 52,474 $50,121
Vermilion-Lloydminster 1993 Starke, RichardRichard Starke Progressive Conservative 36,540 40,544 $52,877
West Yellowhead 1986 Rosendahl, EricEric Rosendahl New Democrat 30,995 36,901 $62,422
Wetaskiwin-Camrose 1993 Hinkley, BruceBruce Hinkley New Democrat 41,890 43,350 $47,164
Whitecourt-Ste. Anne 1993 Carlier, OneilOneil Carlier New Democrat 37,190 39,128 $53,828

* District has been abolished and re-established.

Historical provincial electoral districts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]