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|• Total||77.16 km2 (29.79 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,570 m (5,150 ft)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||26.5%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
1447 up to 1458, 1481
Alberton is described as a typical suburban community, one which is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to work in nearby suburbs or cities such as Johannesburg and Germiston.
In the early 1840s, the Voortrekkers Johan Georg (Org) Meyer and Hester Catharina Elizabeth (née Mulder) arrived in the Transvaal after moving from their home in Prince Albert, in what was then the Cape Colony.
Org sourced land and selected three farms, namely Klipriviersberg, Elandsfontein and Swartkoppies. In 1856, Johannes Petrus Meyer (better known as Jan Meyer) acquired 11 hectares (27 acres) of his father's Elandsfontein farm and built a house next to the Natalspruit, close to where the civic centre stands today. In 1890, he built a new farmhouse mansion on the opposite end of the farm that was miraculously left unharmed during the Anglo Boer War of 1899–1902. The homestead can still be seen today from the bypassing N12 freeway. Jan's brother, also Johan Georg (Org) Meyer, took over the farm after Jan's death. General Hendrik Abraham Alberts, a veteran of the Anglo Boer War, purchased a part of the farm from Org in 1904 and named it Alberton.
The Afrikaans medium primary school Jan Meyer was named for the original owner of the farm, and the affluent suburb Meyersdal also refers to the family whose original farmhouse mansion still stands on the land behind the Meyersdal koppie. The primary school Generaal Alberts, and Hennie Alberts Avenue in the suburb of Brackenhurst, are named after the town founder.
The first official post office was opened in 1926, and in 1938 building work started on a town hall. In the same year, street names in the Alberton North suburb were renamed after Voortrekker leaders to coincide with the 100 year commemoration of the Great Trek. A well-known landmark of the city, ABC STORE, was established in 1943 on Pieter Uys Avenue, Alberton North, and is still trading today as a general store specializing in school uniforms.
Alberton was incorporated into the City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality governing the East Rand in the year 2000 and celebrated its centenary year in 2005.
Alberton lies at an elevation of approximately 1,570 m (5,150 ft) above sea level on the banks of the Natal Spruit, approximately 11 km south-east of Johannesburg CBD, 59 km south of Pretoria and 49 km north-east of Vereeniging. Organisationally and administratively, it is included in the City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality.
The city's initial centre of development was in the area now known as Alberton North or 'Old' Alberton. The original black settlement in Alberton was in the area of the Alberton Dam. During the apartheid era, inhabitants were moved to the surrounding black townships and a 'white' suburb was established around the dam and named Verwoerdpark, after former prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd. Over the years, development sprawled out into adjacent areas, and today Alberton is made up of 19 suburbs stretching over an area of 77 km2. The city, as per South African in whole, is no longer segregated although surrounding black townships (which are now also not exclusively black) still remain.
- Alberton North
- Eden Park
- General Albertspark
- Mayberry Park
- New Redruth
- Newmarket Park
- Palm Ridge
- South Crest
- Sky City
Alrode, which is Alberton's industrial suburb, was established in 1943. One of the most notable industries to be established in the town during this time was CJ Fuchs (Pty) Ltd. Venturing into the production of domestic electrical appliances under licence from the American company Westing House Electric International, the business was relocated from central Johannesburg to a newly built, modern factory in Alrode in 1948. Until the mid-seventies, CJ Fuchs (Pty) Ltd would continue to grow into a multi-million Rand operation, employing thousands of people in several subsidiary companies within the group. After Carl Fuchs' death in April 1976, the company was sold to the then Barlow Rand. In 1973, he was also the first to be admitted as a Freeman of the Town of Alberton.
The construction of the Alberton Boulevard was a major development started in the late 1980s with the aim of converting a section of Voortrekker Road that runs past the Alberton City Shopping Mall into a pedestrian-friendly zone.
The R59 Sybrand van Niekerk Freeway is the main highway running through Alberton, separating its western suburbs of Brackenhurst, Brackendowns and Meyersdal from the rest of the town. The regional highway connects Alberton with Vereeniging, Sasolburg and Bloemfontein (via the N1) to the south-west, and Johannesburg to the north-west.
The N12 Southern Bypass Freeway runs north of Alberton connecting the town with Potchefstroom to the south-west and with Benoni and eMalahleni to the north-east. The N17 Freeway runs north-east of Alberton connecting the town with Springs to the north-east and the N3 Freeway partially borders Alberton to the west at its eastern suburb of Verwoerdpark connecting the town with Johannesburg to the north-west and with Heidelberg and Durban to the south-east.
Local major routes in Alberton include: the R554 (Swartkoppies Road) leading north-eastwards to Brakpan and westwards to Lenasia, the M7 (Kliprivier Drive) to Johannesburg, the M31 (Voortrekker Road) to Johannesburg, the M48 (Van Riebeeck Avenue) leading northwards to Germiston, the M61 (Vereeniging Road) to Vereeniging, the M94 (Kritzinger Road/Grey Avenue) to Germiston, and the M95 (Nelson Mandela Avenue) to Johannesburg South.
There are many well-established sports facilities and clubs for tennis, rugby, road running, boxing, wrestling, cricket, jukskei, netball, hockey, soccer, bowls, korfball and ring tennis in Alberton.
It is also home to the Reading Country Club and Golf Course.
Alberton was also home to the now defunct New Market Race Course, which is now a shopping mall.
Parks and greenspace
Alberton borders on the Klipriviersberg Nature Reserve, located on Peggy Vera Road, Kibler Park, Gauteng (26°18′13″S 28°0′39″E). This reserve is home to many wild animals, including zebra, red hartebeest, porcupines, black wildebeest, otters, blesbok, springbok, duiker and 170 bird species.
Healthcare facilities include numerous government clinics as well the privately run Netcare Alberton hospital, formerly the Union Hospital and Clinton Clinic respectively.
Notable residents (past and present)
- Trevor Noah (Comedian)
- Japie Mulder (Springbok rugby player)
- Arnold Vosloo (Actor)
- Carl Niehaus (Politician)
- Andrew Hall (Protea cricketer)
- André Pretorius (Springbok rugby player)
- Bernadette Coston (Protea and Olympian hockey player)
- Malcolm Marx (Springbok rugby player)
- Ruan Combrinck (Springbok rugby player)
- Gert van der Merwe (Paralympic athlete)
- Marais Viljoen (State President of South Africa)
On June 11, 2023, Alberton experienced a notable earthquake that originated approximately 2 km from Alberton. Preliminary measurements by the US Geological Survey indicated a magnitude of 5.0 on the Richter scale. The earthquake struck at a depth of around 10 kilometers. Residents from Johannesburg noted that it was the worst earthquake in 6 years.
Civic Centre looking west
Civic Centre from Alberton City rooftop
Alberton main post office
Alberton City shopping centre circa 2010
Old town hall
Bus Station circa 1977
Royal York high-rise
Dutch Reformed Church (Eeufeeskerk)
The Blue Mill
Banks of the Natalspruit
Reading interchange at R59 Sybrand van Niekerk/Southern Bypass
Alberton rugby stadium, 2018
- "Main Place Alberton". Census 2011.
- "Alberton 110 years old: In the beginning there were only farms | Alberton Record". Alberton Record. 2014-07-29. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- Raper, Peter E.; Moller, Lucie A.; du Plessis, Theodorus L. (2014). Dictionary of Southern African Place Names. Jonathan Ball Publishers. p. 1412. ISBN 9781868425501.
- "The Fuchs Foundation - Our History". www.fuchsfoundation.co.za. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- "Alberton Amateur Athletic Club |". www.albertonroadrunners.co.za. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- "The reserve is steeped in history and an abundance of fauna and flora. | Alberton Record". albertonrecord.co.za. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "M 4.9 - Gauteng, South Africa". Earthquake Hazards Program. Retrieved 21 July 2023.