Alberton, Prince Edward Island
|Alberton, Prince Edward Island|
|Motto: "The Heart of West Prince"|
|Province||Prince Edward Island|
|• Type||Town council|
|• Mayor||Michael Murphy|
|• Deputy Mayor||David Cahill|
|• Councillors||Connie Bernard
|• Town Administrator||Susan Wallace-Flynn|
|• Total||4.50 km2 (1.74 sq mi)|
|• Density||240.1/km2 (622/sq mi)|
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||ADT (UTC-3)|
|Canadian postal code||C0B 1B0|
|Website||Town of Alberton|
Alberton is a service centre for local fishing and farming communities, and is adjacent to the community and harbour of Northport.
The area was long settled by the Mi'kmaq Nation. Europeans first ventured to the area in 1534 when French explorer Jacques Cartier recorded making landfall at nearby Cape Kildare during his journey of discovery in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and St. Lawrence River. Acadians settled on the island in small numbers through the 17th and 18th centuries but only moved in greater numbers to the western part of Ile-Saint-Jean and specifically north of present-day Alberton to the Tignish area following their expulsion by British military forces in the late 1750s.
Following British victory over France, the island's sovereignty passed to Britain in 1763. In 1765, Captain Samuel Holland surveyed the island and the British government instituted a feudal system of land ownership. The township of Lot 5, which contains present-day Alberton, was granted to Edward Lewis, a British Member of Parliament in the 1767 land lottery.
Northport, located near present-day Alberton began to be settled in the 1780s after Lewis made plans for a small trading town called "Lewis Town". Located at Bury Head in Northport, it was established in June 1788 and was first populated by local Acadians who had escaped expulsion three decades before British settlements. Scottish and Devonshire settlers were brought in by Lewis to settle his township.
A local shipbuilding industry and lumber trade at Northport brought prosperity to the area throughout the 1800s, although this went into decline as more forested areas were lost to agriculture, on account of the excellent soils in the area.
Alberton started to take shape in the 1840s and underwent several name changes, "Cross Roads, "The Cross,"Stump Town". The nearby shipbuilding, lumber and shipping industries had resulted in developing a sustainable community which was a major trade centre in western Prince County. In 1862, it was named in honour of Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII and who had visited Prince Edward Island in 1860. The community was named Alberton on 27 June 1862.
Railways and other constructions
In 1872, the Prince Edward Island Railway was constructed, making the port at Northport, adjacent to Alberton, its western terminus. It connected Alberton with communities to the east such as O'Leary, Summerside, Charlottetown, Georgetown and Souris.
The western terminus was subsequently extended further from Alberton to Tignish in a sharp diversion just east of the Alberton passenger station, where a wye was constructed and a small railway yard, leading to the spur to Northport. Alberton went into its own terminus during this period, with various mills, manufacturing businesses, stores and services. The community became a village in 1878, and became home to a court house and justice centre for western Prince County that year.
Alberton became the centre of the worldwide silver fox industry when Charles Dalton and Robert Oulton began farming the fur-bearing animals on an island in the harbour at Northport in 1894, bringing tremendous prosperity to area residents and business owners. Despite a fire that devastated part of the town the following year, Alberton quickly reflected its growing economic importance of the village. The railway constructed a new passenger station designed by architect Charles Benjamin Chappell for Alberton in the early 1900s entirely out of stone, one of only two such stations on the island (the other being in Kensington).
The fox farming industry brought increased growth in the population and tax base for the community, which resulted in an upgrade from village status, becoming an incorporated town in May 1913. Silver fox farming remained profitable through the 1940s. Many distinctive houses in the community are a reminder of the fortunes that were made during this period.
The Western Hospital was constructed in 1945 and was the first hospital built west of Summerside. The public library opened in 1951, followed by the federal government building in 1962 and the Jacques Cartier Arena and a community museum in 1964. The Maplewood Manor nursing home opened in 1967.
Alberton is roughly equidistant between Tignish and O'Leary, and is situated along the north shore of the island, fronting the open Gulf of St. Lawrence. It has a land area of approximately 5 square kilometres (1.9 sq mi).
- 136 km : Confederation Bridge (to New Brunswick)
- 93 km : Charlottetown
- 66 km : Summerside
- 197 km : Wood Islands ferry (to Nova Scotia)
|Climate data for Alberton|
|Record high °C (°F)||13.2
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−8.2
|Average low °C (°F)||−12.5
|Record low °C (°F)||−31.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||96.4
|Source: Environment Canada|
The majority of the Alberton work force is employed in the service sector, serving a surrounding population of 5000 residents in western Prince County.
The fishing industry in the adjacent community of Northport is a significant economic activity, with landings by fishing boats totalling 3 million kilograms of species such as American lobster, mussels, snow crab, soft shell clams, cod, herring, American plaice, mackerel, sea scallop, yellowtail, eel, winter flounder, smelt, rock crab, tomcod, silversides, porbeagle, and blue shark. Source: 1996, DFO
The agriculture industry in areas surrounding Alberton is dominated by potato farmers growing table stock for use in French fries, potato chips or cooking, although a significant number of seed growers are in the area as well.
In 2011 Holland College West Prince Campus opened the doors in a beautiful new facility located in the centre of Alberton. The town has private day care and publicly funded kindergarten facilities, as well as Alberton Elementary School (gr.1-6, 234 students). Students are also transported by bus to the more centrally located M.E. Callaghan School (gr. 7-9, 378 students) and Westisle Composite High School (gr. 10-12, 748 students), both being located in nearby communities.
Alberton is located on Route 12, which is part of the Lady Slipper Drive scenic route. The town is several kilometers northeast of Route 2, the main provincial east-west secondary highway. Alberton Harbor in Northport is administered by the small craft harbors division of the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans.
Alberton is home to the Western Hospital which serves the area with 25 acute care beds and 2 palliative care beds. There is a pharmacy, and a 24-hour medical clinic located at the hospital. In addition, there is Maplewood Manor which is a long-term care facility, and the new Rev W.J. Phillips Residence which offers 25 units of enriched residential care.
- Internet Access
Alberton has a Community Access Program (CAP) Site, located in the town hall. Residents can earn available time on the computer and access the internet. Computer facilities are also available at the Opportunity Center and at the library.
The town has an active Recreation Department, which publishes an "Activity Flyer" of programs each spring and fall. A wide variety of activities are offered for all ages, including aerobics and training, art classes, craft fairs, bowling leagues and club, boxing club, "boxercise", darts, cards, karaoke, bingo, basketball, badminton, volleyball, walking club, gymnastics, preschool activities group, swimming (at Mill River Aquaplex), ice skating, figure skating, minor hockey, recreational hockey, boys and girls softball and soccer. The department coordinates with many community organizations to deliver the programs.
The town is in close proximity to three provincial parks: Mill River Provincial Park, Bloomfield Provincial Park, and Jacques Cartier Provincial Park. It is also located on the Confederation Trail for walking, running and bicycling in the summer.
The area offers opportunities for recreational fishing at Gallant's Pond, Arsenault's Pond, Blanchard's Pond, Gordon's Pond, Warren's Pond, Black Pond, Leard's Pond, MacAusland's Pond, Livingstone's Pond, Mill River Bridge, Cain's Brook, Miminegash River, Little Tignish River, the Old Dam Site on the Mill River, the Trout River, and the Little and Big Pierre Jacques Rivers. Atlantic Salmon can also be fished (using a fly) in Leard's Pond and Trout River after the middle of June.
- Historic Sites
The Alberton Court House was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1981. It has housed the Alberton Museum since 1980 and contains various displays from its collection pertaining to the area.
The town park contains a monument to the pioneers of silver fox farming, Robert Oulton and Charles Dalton.
The Joe O'Brien Museum is just outside the town of Alberton. O'Brien, born and raised in Alberton, went on to become one of harness racings most well-known figures. Standardbred Canada honoured his achievements by naming their annual awards after him.
- Holland College West Prince Campus
- Alberton Community Centre (bowling lanes, bingo,)
- Alberton Elementary School
- Alberton Library
- Iron Haven Gym
- Jacques Cartier Memorial Arena
- Maplewood Manor
- Old Stone Station Park
- Prince County Exhibition Grounds
- Town Community Room
- Veterans Memorial Park
- West Prince Boxing Club
- Western Community Curling Club
- soccer field
- two baseball diamonds
- The Prince County Exhibition is held every August and features livestock shows, exhibits, meals, racing, youth talent, strongman competition, and a midway.
- The Alberton Winter Carnival is held every February.
- Other events include the Alberton Day Festival, Canada Day and Trail Day.
Alberton has seven churches:
- Alberton Baptist Church
- Alberton Presbyterian Church
- Apostolic Pentecostal
- Gordon Memorial United Church Of Canada
- Kingdom Hall Of Jehovah’s Witness
- Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church
- St. Peter’s Anglican Church
The Journal Pioneer, a daily newspaper published in Summerside, maintains its office for western Prince County in Alberton.
The West Prince Graphic is a weekly newspaper serving the western part of Prince County and is published locally.
A bi-weekly advertising paper called the Penny Saver is published and distributed to all the residents of Western PEI.
- Canada, Province of Prince Edward Island,. "Historic Properties Online: Charles B. Chappell". www.gov.pe.ca. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010". Environment Canada. Environment Canada. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
- Alberton Court House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- Prince County Exhibition