Albin Eines

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Albin Eines
Personal details
Born Albin Konrad Eines
9 June 1886
Trondheim, Norway
Died May 1947
Norway
Nationality Norwegian
Political party Labour Party (Norway), Communist Party of Norway, Nasjonal Samling

Albin Konrad Eines (9 June 1886 – May 1947) was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist Labour parties. He later became a Nazi, working for Norwegian and German Nazis during the Second World War.

Early career[edit]

He was born in Trondheim. He took a typographer and bookbinder education in Sweden, where he joined the socialist movement under Zeth Höglund. He moved back to Norway in 1909,[1] after the Swedish General Strike.[2] He was a member of Fagopposisjonen av 1911 and Norges Socialdemokratiske Ungdomsforbund,[3] and was deputy leader for some time,[1] but resigned his NSU membership in 1921 as he felt too old.[4] He was a sub-editor in Klassekampen from 1911, and later worked in Vest-Finmarkens Arbeiderblad, Folkets Dagblad and Østfold Dagblad.[1] He edited Folkets Dagblad (before 1921 named Nybrott) from 1919 to 1922,[5] when sub-editor Ingjald Nordstad took over.[6]

Communist Party[edit]

In 1920 he announced his scepticism towards the Twenty-one Conditions.[7] However, he changed heart and joined the Communist Party when it was split from the Labour Party in 1923.[8] He started working in Ny Tid, and edited that newspaper for a short while.[1] He was a delegate at the Fifth Comintern Congress in 1925.[2] In the spring of 1927 Eines took over as editor of the main newspaper of the Communist Party, Norges Kommunistblad.[9] He was absent during the summer, as he was imprisoned (five weeks of detention, without conviction) together with Henry W. Kristiansen, Just Lippe and Otto Luihn,[10] but returned to edit the newspaper in the autumn of 1927 before Christian Hilt took over later that year.[9]

Right-winger[edit]

He left the Communist Party around New Years' 1927–1928.[2] Already in 1928 he started working for the right-wing newspaper Tidens Tegn.[11] In 1940 he moved to the Fascist newspaper Fritt Folk. He also joined the Fascist party Nasjonal Samling (NS). He thus found a position during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, when NS and the German Nazis took over power. In March 1942 he was hired as sub-editor, Odd Fossum's second-in-command, on the newspaper Norsk Arbeidsliv. The newspaper belonged to the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions where the Nazis recently had usurped full power. In December 1943 he was promoted to editor-in-chief, and he remained so until July 1944.[11]

In 1947, during the legal purge in Norway after World War II, Krogh was convicted of treason and sentenced to four years in prison. He died in prison that same year.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Friis, Jakob; Hegna, Trond; Juel, Dagfin, eds. (1933). "Eines, Albin Konrad". Arbeidernes Leksikon (in Norwegian). 2. Oslo: Arbeidermagasinets Forlag. p. 512. 
  2. ^ a b c Lorenz, Einhart (1983). Det er ingen sak å få partiet lite. NKP 1923–1931 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Pax. p. 289. ISBN 82-530-1255-1. 
  3. ^ Maurseth, Per (1987). Gjennom kriser til makt 1920-1935. Volume three of Arbeiderbevegelsens historie i Norge (in Norwegian). Oslo: Tiden. p. 159. ISBN 82-10-02753-0. 
  4. ^ Maurseth, 1987: p. 47
  5. ^ Maurseth, 1987: p. 161
  6. ^ Friis, Jakob; Hegna, Trond; Juel, Dagfin, eds. (1935). "Nordstad, Ingjald". Arbeidernes Leksikon (in Norwegian). 5. Oslo: Arbeidermagasinets Forlag. p. 555. 
  7. ^ Maurseth, 1987: p. 159
  8. ^ Maurseth, 1987: p. 259
  9. ^ a b Friis, Jakob; Hegna, Trond, eds. (1932). "Arbeideren". Arbeidernes Leksikon (in Norwegian). 1. Oslo: Arbeidermagasinets Forlag. pp. 186–187. 
  10. ^ Lorenz, 1983: pp. 88–89
  11. ^ a b c Dahl, Hans Fredrik (1995). "Eines, Albin". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-45. Oslo: Cappelen. Retrieved 5 September 2010. 
Media offices
Preceded by
Christian Hilt
Chief editor of Norges Kommunistblad
spring 1927–autumn 1927
(Trond Hegna edited during the summer)
Succeeded by
Christian Hilt