Albion, California

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Albion
Albion in 1911
Albion in 1911
Albion is located in California
Albion
Albion
Location in California
Coordinates: 39°13′25″N 123°46′07″W / 39.22361°N 123.76861°W / 39.22361; -123.76861Coordinates: 39°13′25″N 123°46′07″W / 39.22361°N 123.76861°W / 39.22361; -123.76861
Country United States
State California
CountyMendocino
Area
 • Total1.85 sq mi (4.80 km2)
 • Land1.81 sq mi (4.70 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)  2.02%
Elevation174 ft (53 m)
Population
 • Total169
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
N/A
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
95410
Area code(s)707
GNIS feature IDs1657904; 2628703
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Albion, California; U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Albion, California

Albion is a census-designated place[4] in Mendocino County, California.[2] It is located 15 miles (24 km) south of Fort Bragg,[5] at an elevation of 174 feet (53 m).[2] Albion had a population of 168 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Albion lies directly on California's State Route 1 north of Elk, and south of Mendocino and Little River. It lies just north of the intersection of State Route 128 and State Route 1 (Shoreline Highway). The town consists of three major roads: Albion Ridge Road, Navarro Ridge Road, and Middle Ridge Road. The first two are accessible from the coast (State Route 1), but Middle Ridge, running parallel, is only accessible from Albion Ridge Road (inland). The side-roads on Albion Ridge Road are labeled from B through Q. Middle Ridge road begins at Albion Ridge Road just beyond M Road.

The nearest beaches include Navarro Beach, to the south, and Handley Beach at the head of Albion Ridge Road.

Vegetation includes Coastal Headlands, California Redwood Forests, and Pygmy forests.

Albion has two bridges, spanning the Albion River and Little Salmon Creek. The Albion River Bridge, built in 1944 when steel and concrete were in short supply, remains as the last wooden bridge still in use on State Route 1.

The ZIP Code is 95410. The community is inside area code 707.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 4.799 km2 (1.853 sq mi), 97.98% of it land, and 2.02% of it water.

Name[edit]

Albion was named in 1844, as a reference to when Sir Francis Drake landed on the northern California coast and called it New Albion. Albion was an ancient name for Britain, from the Latin word albus, meaning white, a reference to the White Cliffs of Dover.[6]

Schools[edit]

The town belongs to the Mendocino Unified School District and children attend Albion Elementary School or Mendocino K-8 School until third grade, then Mendocino K-8 School and Mendocino High School.[7]

The Albion Biological Field Station, a facility of Pacific Union College (a private Seventh-day Adventist college) is located in Albion, on the south bank of the Albion River; it offers college biology courses to Pacific Union students as well as shorter courses for elementary and high school students and seniors.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

The 2010 United States Census[10] reported that Albion had a population of 168. The population density was 90.7 people per square mile (35.0/km²). The racial makeup of Albion was 150 (89.3%) White, 1 (0.6%) African American, 4 (2.4%) Native American, 5 (3.0%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 0 (0.0%) from other races, and 8 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4 persons (2.4%).

The Census reported that 156 people (92.9% of the population) lived in households, 12 (7.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 82 households, out of which 13 (15.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 20 (24.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 8 (9.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 5 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 8 (9.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (1.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 36 households (43.9%) were made up of individuals and 15 (18.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.90. There were 33 families (40.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.55.

The population was spread out with 20 people (11.9%) under the age of 18, 10 people (6.0%) aged 18 to 24, 40 people (23.8%) aged 25 to 44, 64 people (38.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 34 people (20.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.5 males.

There were 112 housing units at an average density of 60.4 per square mile (23.3/km²), of which 54 (65.9%) were owner-occupied, and 28 (34.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 17.6%. 105 people (62.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 51 people (30.4%) lived in rental housing units.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Albion is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire,[11] and the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.[12]

Federally, Albion is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Albion, California
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Albion, California
  5. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 7. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  6. ^ William Bright; Erwin Gustav Gudde (30 November 1998). 1500 California place names: their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-520-21271-8. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
  7. ^ "Mendocino Unified School District – Schools". Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  8. ^ "Albion Biological Field Station – a quiet summer place to work, play and learn", Independent Coast Observer, July 20, 2007.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Albion CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  11. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  12. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  13. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.

External links[edit]