Albion, Illinois

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Albion
City
St. John's Episcopal Church in Albion.jpg
St. John's Episcopal Church, a local landmark
Country United States
State Illinois
County Edwards
Coordinates 38°22′38″N 88°3′40″W / 38.37722°N 88.06111°W / 38.37722; -88.06111Coordinates: 38°22′38″N 88°3′40″W / 38.37722°N 88.06111°W / 38.37722; -88.06111
Area 2.20 sq mi (6 km2)
 - land 2.15 sq mi (6 km2)
 - water 0.05 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 1,933 (2000)
Density 903.8 / sq mi (349 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62806
Area code 618
Location of Albion within Illinois
Location of Albion within Illinois

Albion is a city in and the county seat of Edwards County, Illinois, United States.[1] The population was 1,933 at the 2000 census. The city was named Albion, after an ancient and poetic reference to the island of Great Britain. [2]

Geography[edit]

Albion is located at 38°22′38″N 88°3′40″W / 38.37722°N 88.06111°W / 38.37722; -88.06111 (38.377300, -88.061028).[3] In it, Illinois Route 130 and Illinois Route 15 meet.

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 2.20 square miles (5.7 km2), of which 2.15 square miles (5.6 km2) (or 97.73%) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) (or 2.27%) is water.[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Albion
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39.9
(4.4)
43.7
(6.5)
55.2
(12.9)
67.7
(19.8)
77.6
(25.3)
86.3
(30.2)
90.0
(32.2)
88.6
(31.4)
82.2
(27.9)
70.3
(21.3)
55.7
(13.2)
43.2
(6.2)
66.7
(19.3)
Average low °F (°C) 23.2
(−4.9)
25.2
(−3.8)
35.0
(1.7)
45.3
(7.4)
55.0
(12.8)
63.6
(17.6)
67.2
(19.6)
65.5
(18.6)
58.6
(14.8)
46.7
(8.2)
36.4
(2.4)
26.7
(−2.9)
45.7
(7.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.2
(81)
2.7
(69)
4.4
(112)
4.4
(112)
4.8
(122)
4.1
(104)
3.6
(91)
3.4
(86)
3.0
(76)
2.9
(74)
3.7
(94)
3.3
(84)
43.4
(1,102)
Source: Weatherbase[5]

History[edit]

Albion began life in the early 1800's as a utopian experiment by English pioneer, agricultural innovator and social reformer Morris Birkbeck, and his friend George Flower. Many of the American settlers in the area were veterans of the War of 1812, especially from Kentucky, and they initially viewed the new English immigrants with great suspicion.[citation needed] Both Birkbeck and Flower were vehemently anti-slavery, which became another source of considerable friction.

George Flower came to America in 1816, with Morris Birkbeck arriving the following year. After long journeys through Ohio, Indiana, and the Illinois Territory, they were so impressed with the beauty of the countryside around Boultinghouse Prairie that they knew they had found what they were looking for. With £100,000 in capital they purchased about 26,000 acres (110 km2) of public land, imported a carefully thought out selection of livestock and agricultural implements, and in 1818 began building a settlement that became the town of Albion. Over the next few years they brought more than 200 settlers from England, and the area became known as the English Settlement.

In 1821, the county seat of Edwards County was moved from Palmyra to Albion.[6] However residents of Mount Carmel felt their town should be the county seat. Four companies of militia marched from Mount Carmel towards Albion to seize the county documents stored in the courthouse. The situation was eventually resolved in 1824 by separating Wabash County from Edwards County at Bonpas Creek. [7] The resulting counties remain two of the smallest in Illinois.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 365
1870 613
1880 875 42.7%
1890 937 7.1%
1900 1,162 24.0%
1910 1,281 10.2%
1920 1,584 23.7%
1930 1,666 5.2%
1940 1,855 11.3%
1950 2,287 23.3%
1960 2,025 −11.5%
1970 1,791 −11.6%
1980 2,285 27.6%
1990 2,116 −7.4%
2000 1,933 −8.6%
2010 1,988 2.8%
Est. 2014 1,957 [8] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,933 people, 861 households, and 538 families residing in the city. The population density was 903.8 people per square mile (348.8/km²). There were 957 housing units at an average density of 447.5 per square mile (172.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.71% White, 0.16% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 861 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 24.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,476, and the median income for a family was $36,917. Males had a median income of $26,182 versus $17,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,747. About 8.6% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Allen, John W. (January 11, 1963). "Place Names Have Colorful History". The Southeast Missourian. p. 6. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-03. 
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Albion, Illinois". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  6. ^ Edwards County Fact Sheet
  7. ^ Edwards County
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • A History Of Edwards County, Illinois, Volume One, 1980 Library of Congress Card number 80-70649

Prairie Albion: An English Settlement in Pioneer Illinois. Charles Boewe. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. c 1962

External links[edit]