Albion, Illinois

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Albion, Illinois
City
St. John's Episcopal Church in Albion.jpg
St. John's Episcopal Church, a local landmark
Country United States
State Illinois
County Edwards
Coordinates 38°22′38″N 88°3′40″W / 38.37722°N 88.06111°W / 38.37722; -88.06111Coordinates: 38°22′38″N 88°3′40″W / 38.37722°N 88.06111°W / 38.37722; -88.06111
Area 2.20 sq mi (6 km2)
 - land 2.15 sq mi (6 km2)
 - water 0.05 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 1,988 (2010)
Density 924.7 / sq mi (357 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62806
Area code 618
Location of Albion within Illinois
Location of Albion within Illinois

Albion is a city in and the county seat of Edwards County, Illinois, United States.[1] The population was 1,988 at the 2010 census.[2] The city was named "Albion" after an ancient and poetic reference to the island of Great Britain.[3]

Geography[edit]

Albion is located south of the center of Edwards County at 38°22′38″N 88°3′40″W / 38.37722°N 88.06111°W / 38.37722; -88.06111 (38.377300, -88.061028).[4] In it, Illinois Route 130 and Illinois Route 15 meet. Route 130 leads north 25 miles (40 km) to Olney and south 10 miles (16 km) to Grayville, while Route 15 leads east 16 miles (26 km) to Mount Carmel and west 16 miles (26 km) to Fairfield.

According to the 2010 census, Albion has a total area of 2.196 square miles (5.69 km2), of which 2.15 square miles (5.57 km2) (or 97.91%) is land and 0.046 square miles (0.12 km2) (or 2.09%) is water.[5]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Albion
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39.9
(4.4)
43.7
(6.5)
55.2
(12.9)
67.7
(19.8)
77.6
(25.3)
86.3
(30.2)
90.0
(32.2)
88.6
(31.4)
82.2
(27.9)
70.3
(21.3)
55.7
(13.2)
43.2
(6.2)
66.7
(19.3)
Average low °F (°C) 23.2
(−4.9)
25.2
(−3.8)
35.0
(1.7)
45.3
(7.4)
55.0
(12.8)
63.6
(17.6)
67.2
(19.6)
65.5
(18.6)
58.6
(14.8)
46.7
(8.2)
36.4
(2.4)
26.7
(−2.9)
45.7
(7.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.2
(81)
2.7
(69)
4.4
(112)
4.4
(112)
4.8
(122)
4.1
(104)
3.6
(91)
3.4
(86)
3.0
(76)
2.9
(74)
3.7
(94)
3.3
(84)
43.4
(1,102)
Source: Weatherbase[6]

History[edit]

Albion was laid out in 1818 as a utopian community, and given the name Albion, a literary name for England.[7]

In 1821, the county seat of Edwards County was moved from Palmyra to Albion.[8] However, residents of Mount Carmel felt their town should be the county seat. Four companies of militia marched from Mount Carmel towards Albion to seize the county documents stored in the courthouse. The situation was eventually resolved in 1824 by separating Wabash County from Edwards County at Bonpas Creek.[9] The resulting counties remain two of the smallest in Illinois.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 365
1870 613
1880 875 42.7%
1890 937 7.1%
1900 1,162 24.0%
1910 1,281 10.2%
1920 1,584 23.7%
1930 1,666 5.2%
1940 1,855 11.3%
1950 2,287 23.3%
1960 2,025 −11.5%
1970 1,791 −11.6%
1980 2,285 27.6%
1990 2,116 −7.4%
2000 1,933 −8.6%
2010 1,988 2.8%
Est. 2015 1,932 [10] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 1,933 people, 861 households, and 538 families residing in the city. The population density was 903.8 people per square mile (348.8/km²). There were 957 housing units at an average density of 447.5 per square mile (172.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.71% White, 0.16% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 861 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 24.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,476, and the median income for a family was $36,917. Males had a median income of $26,182 versus $17,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,747. About 8.6% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Albion city, Illinois". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  3. ^ Allen, John W. (January 11, 1963). "Place Names Have Colorful History". The Southeast Missourian. p. 6. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-25. 
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Albion, Illinois". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  7. ^ Callary, Edward (29 September 2008). Place Names of Illinois. University of Illinois Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-252-09070-7. 
  8. ^ Edwards County Fact Sheet
  9. ^ Edwards County
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • A History of Edwards County, Illinois, Volume One (1980), Library of Congress Card number 80-70649
  • Charles Boewe, Prairie Albion: An English Settlement in Pioneer Illinois, Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, c. 1962

External links[edit]