Albion, Oklahoma

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Albion, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Albion, Oklahoma
Location of Albion, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°39′43″N 95°5′58″W / 34.66194°N 95.09944°W / 34.66194; -95.09944Coordinates: 34°39′43″N 95°5′58″W / 34.66194°N 95.09944°W / 34.66194; -95.09944
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Pushmataha
Area
 • Total 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Land 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 673 ft (205 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 106
 • Density 530/sq mi (180/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74521
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-01050[2]
GNIS feature ID 1089573[3]

Albion is a town in Pushmataha County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 106 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

A United States Post Office opened at Albion, Indian Territory on December 6, 1887 and is still in operation.

Prior to Oklahoma's statehood, Albion was located in Wade County, Choctaw Nation.

In its early days, Albion—named by John T. Bailey, an Englishman, using the Ancient Greek name for England—was a sawmill town in the Indian Territory. Later it became a trading center in an agricultural region in which cotton and other crops were grown.[4]

During the 1880s, the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, more popularly known as the "Frisco", built a line from north to south through the Choctaw Nation, connecting Fort Smith, Arkansas, with Paris, Texas. The railroad paralleled the Kiamichi River throughout much of its route in present-day Pushmataha County, Oklahoma. Train stations were established every few miles to aid in opening up the land and, more particularly, to serve as the locations of section houses. Supervisors for their respective miles of track lived in the section houses to administer the track and its right-of-way. These stations also served as points at which the trains could draw water.

The site of Albion was selected because of its proximity to the Kiamichi River, with its abundant water supply. Adjacent station stops were established at Talihina, Oklahoma, to the north, and Kiamichi, Oklahoma, to the south.

The sparsely populated area, at that time known as Wade County, Choctaw Nation, in the Indian Territory, was home to Choctaw Indians who farmed or subsisted on the land.

Few roads or trails existed. Transportation was provided by the Frisco Railroad, which offered six trains per day — three in each direction — until it closed to passenger traffic during the late 1950s. It continued freight operations until 1981, when it closed altogether and its rails were removed. The loss of passenger rail fortunately coincided with the construction of U.S. Highway 271.

Albion has more in common economically with Talihina, Oklahoma, the town to its north. Planners of the proposed State of Sequoyah, who in 1905 proposed a state to be formed from the Indian Territory, realized this, and called for Albion to be the southernmost town in a county, Wade County, which was also to include Talihina and towns to its north, and stretch far to the north and west. Instead, Sequoyah was not admitted to the Union by Congress, and in the State of Oklahoma which followed it Albion became the northeastern-most town of a county whose geographic and population centers are far to Albion’s southwest.

Albion prospered during its first few decades. Most business was centered on a town square, with residential neighborhoods ringing it. During recent decades, however, it has diminished greatly. United States Census returns show it dropping from a high of 300 residents in 1920 to just 88 in 1990. More information on Albion may be found in the Pushmataha County Historical Society.[5]

Albion became home to an internationally known poet and author when Mato Kosyk, or Kossick, moved to the town in 1912. Locating there because its climate was considered healthy and its views of the Kiamichi Mountains were scenic, Kosyk lived for the next 28 years there, until his death in 1940. Kosyk, a Lutheran minister, migrated to the United States from Werben, Lower Lusatia, Germany in 1883. He is considered one of the most significant writers in Sorbian, a Slavic language, and his 150th birthday was celebrated by his followers in Europe in 2003. Kosyk may not have fared well during his years in Albion; according to accounts he was swindled and defrauded by unscrupulous residents.[6]

During recent years, the Mato Kosyk House in Albion has been entered into the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered significant as the only surviving structure associated with the famous poet.

The post office in Albion was scheduled for possible closure by the US Postal service in 2012.[7]

Geography[edit]

Using the statewide grid commonly in use in Oklahoma, Albion's coordinates are T2-2N-R21E. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 301
1930 256 −15.0%
1940 240 −6.2%
1950 178 −25.8%
1960 161 −9.6%
1970 186 15.5%
1980 165 −11.3%
1990 88 −46.7%
2000 143 62.5%
2010 106 −25.9%
Est. 2015 102 [8] −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

At the 2010 census, there were 106 people residing in the town.[1] The population density was 530 per square mile (180/km²). There were 62 housing units at an average density of 261 per square mile (101/km²).[1]

At the time of the 2000 census, the racial makeup of the town was 83.92% White, 12.59% Native American and 3.50% from two or more races.

There were 53 households of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.56.

36.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 70.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.2 males.

The median household income was $14,464 and the median family income was $17,750. Males had a median income of $33,438 and females $13,125. The per capita income for the town was $6,800. 20.0% of families and 33.6% of the population were living below the poverty line, including 43.2% of under eighteens and 8.7% of those over 64.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ George B. Shirk, Oklahoma Place Names, p. 67; Post Office Site Location Reports, Record Group 28, National Archives; Oklahoma Encyclopedia of Culture and History
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of Oklahoma Culture and History
  6. ^ Letopis, February 1977, p. 50
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]