Albion (village), New York

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Albion
Newport
Village
Village of Albion
Looking north along Main Street in downtown Albion
Looking north along Main Street in downtown Albion
Etymology: From archaic name for Great Britain
Location in Orleans County and the state of New York.
Location in Orleans County and the state of New York.
Location of New York in the United States
Location of New York in the United States
Coordinates: 43°14′46″N 78°11′37″W / 43.24611°N 78.19361°W / 43.24611; -78.19361Coordinates: 43°14′46″N 78°11′37″W / 43.24611°N 78.19361°W / 43.24611; -78.19361
Country United States
State New York
County Orleans
Settled 1812
Incorporated 1828
Government
 • Type Village Hall
 • Mayor Dean London
Area
 • Total 3 sq mi (8 km2)
Elevation 540 ft (160 m)
Highest elevation (Two areas near S boundary) 600 ft (200 m)
Lowest elevation (Former quarries N of St. Joseph's Cemetery) 440 ft (130 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,056
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 5,962
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (780/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14411
Area code 585
FIPS code 36-01033
GNIS feature ID 2391504
Wikimedia Commons Albion, New York
Website vil.albion.ny.us

Albion is a village in Orleans County, New York, United States. The population was 6,056 at the 2010 census. The village is centrally located in the county, the village is partly within the towns of both Albion and Gaines. It is the county seat of Orleans County and is about 30 miles (48 km) west/northwest of the City of Rochester. It is part of the Rochester Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The Albion area was first settled by European Americans in 1812. This area attracted few residents before the announcement, near the end of the decade, that the Erie Canal would be constructed through here. In 1822 an entrepreneur named Nehemiah Ingersoll bought much of the land near the planned intersection of the canal and Oak Orchard Road, the main north-south route through the area at the time. The property was soon subdivided, and the village, then known as Newport, began to grow.

Orleans County was created two years later. State officials considered both Gaines (then more populous) and Newport as the county seat due to their central locations within the new county. They chose Newport in 1826 due to its location on the canal and the West Branch of Sandy Creek, where a mill had already been established. The next year the village changed its name to Albion to avoid postal confusion with New York's other Newport, in Oneida County. In 1828 it was incorporated as a village.

The William V. N. Barlow House, North Main–Bank Streets Historic District, Orleans County Courthouse Historic District, Tousley-Church House, and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Government[edit]

The village elected a president. The following list is of those who held office. Village of Albion Presidents

No. Name Tenure
1 Alexis Ward 1829-1830
2 Henry R. Curtis 1831-1832
3 Harvey Goodrich 1833-1836
4 Benjamin Bessac 1837
5 Jonathan Elkins 1838
6 Benjamin Bessac 1839
7 Arad Thomas 1840-1842
8 Henry A. King 1843-1846
9 George H. Stone 1847-1848
10 Joseph M. Cornell 1849
11 Charles H. Moore 1850
12 Henry J. Sickels 1851
13 Joseph M. Cornell 1852-1853
14 John H. White 1854-1855
15 Henry L. Achilles 1856
16 Henry Sears 1857
17 Arad Thomas 1858
18 Henry J. Sickels 1859
19 Walker Mattison 1860
20 Roswell Clark 1861
21 Henry A. King 1862-1863
22 John N. Proctor 1864
23 H. J. Van Deusen 1865-1866
24 Charles H. Moore 1867
25 Edwin Porter 1868
26 Seth L. King 1869
27 Henry A. King 1870
28 John N. Proctor 1871
29 John Bidleman 1872
30 John H. White 1873-1874
31 George S. Hutchinson 1875
32 George M. Waterman 1876
33 H. J. Danforth 1877
34 David Young 1878

The new village charter changed the term of president from one year to three years starting in 1879.

No. Name Tenure
35 John N. Proctor 1879-1881
36 William B. Dye 1882-1890
37 H. Eugene English 1891-1896
38 George W. Ough 1897-1902
39 Herbert J. Bailey 1903-1905
40 Perry W. Church 1906-1908
41 William B. Dye 1909-1914
43 Schuyler Hazard 1915-1917
44 Fred Rhodey 1918-1923
44 Daniel W. Hanley, Sr. 1924-1932
45 Jacob Landauer 1933-1941
46 Francis H. Blake, Sr. 1942-1947
47 Arnold W. Holliday 1948-1950

According to a new village charter, the name of the head of the village was changed from "president" to "mayor" starting in June 1951.

Village of Albion Mayors

No. Name Tenure
48 William A. Monacelli 1951-1953
49 John D. Robinson 1954-1956
50 Leonard J. Rice* 1957-1959
51 James J. Hunt 1959
52 John D. Robinson 1960-1965
53 William A. Monacelli 1966-1972
54 Jacob Glassner** 1972
55 Donna Rodden 1973-1983
56 J. Donald Brace 1984-1986
57 Joseph Sacco

* Resigned as mayor to fill vacancy of village clerk-treasurer.

** Filled vacancy created by death of William A. Monacelli in June of 1972.

Geography[edit]

Albion is located at 43°14′49″N 78°11′28″W / 43.24694°N 78.19111°W / 43.24694; -78.19111 (43.247211, -78.191264).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.7 km2), all land.

The Erie Canal passes through the community.

Albion is the site of the junction of east-west highway NYS Route 31 (East Avenue and West Avenue) and north-south highway NYS Route 98 (Main Street). NYS Route 279 joins NY-98 immediately north of Albion.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,251
1860 2,970 31.9%
1870 3,322 11.9%
1890 4,586
1900 4,477 −2.4%
1910 5,016 12.0%
1920 4,683 −6.6%
1930 4,878 4.2%
1940 4,660 −4.5%
1950 4,850 4.1%
1960 5,182 6.8%
1970 5,122 −1.2%
1980 4,897 −4.4%
1990 5,863 19.7%
2000 7,438 26.9%
2010 6,056 −18.6%
Est. 2016 5,962 [1] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 7,438 people, 2,307 households, and 1,444 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,501.8 people per square mile (966.9/km2). There were 2,566 housing units at an average density of 863.1 per square mile (333.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 73.88% White, 18.20% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.99% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.32% of the population.

There were 2,307 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the village, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 37.3% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 141.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 150.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $30,010, and the median income for a family was $34,881. Males had a median income of $31,660 versus $22,157 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,531. About 13.0% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Public transportation in Albion is provided by the OTS, which is part of the Rochester Genesee Regional Transportation Authority (RGRTA).[6]

Economy[edit]

  • Albion is the center of the Medina sandstone industry. It also is a trading and shipping village for a good farming region; the primary commodity crops are apples, cabbages and beans.

Notable people[edit]

  • Terry A. Anderson, (1947– ), former hostage, humanitarian, lived in Albion during the 1950s.
  • Grace Bedell, (1848–1936), suggested in 1860 (aged 11) that Abraham Lincoln grow a beard.
  • Sanford E. Church, (1815–1880), born in Albion, politician who became Lieutenant Governor of New York, New York State Comptroller, and Chief Judge of New York State Court of Appeals.
  • Dan H. Cole, politician and former New York State Senator.
  • Tommy Colella, (1918- ), retired pro football player.
  • John Cunneen, (1848–1907), Irish immigrant and attorney, New York State Attorney General.
  • Noah Davis, (1818-1902), politician and jurist, former US Congressman, New York State Supreme Court Justice.
  • Elizabeth H. Denio, PhD, (1842-1922), born at Albion, professor at Vassar College and Wellesley College, organizer of Rochester's Memorial Art Gallery.
  • Gilbert De La Matyr, (1825-1892), former US Congressman from Indiana, lived in Albion during the 1850s and 1860s.
  • Geoffrey Giuliano,(1953– ), author, actor and syndicated radio show host; lived on and off in Albion from his birth until the age of twenty three.
  • Henry Moore Harrington, (1849-1876), born at Albion, West Point Military Academy graduate, member of 7th US Cavalry killed at Battle of Little Bighorn.
  • Elizur K. Hart, (1841–1893), born in Albion, founder of newspaper Rochester Post-Express, and elected as United States Congressman from New York.
  • Charles H. Holmes, (1827–1874), born in Albion, United States Congressman from New York.
  • Charles W. Howard, (1896–1966), portrayed Santa Claus.
  • Derek Kinder, (1986– ), football player, NCAA College Football standout for Pitt. Drafted by Chicago Bears as a Compensatory selection in the 2009 NFL Draft.
  • Charles H. Nesbitt, (1947– ), decorated Vietnam veteran and politician, former NYS Assemblyman and NYS Assembly Minority Leader of the Republican Party, current president of the NYS Division of Tax Appeals and Tax Appeals Tribunal.
  • Daniel H. Pinney, (1837-1921), lawyer and jurist.
  • Henry "Hank" Porter, (1900-1951), born in Albion, artist for Walt Disney and credited with creating more than 1,200 drawings during World War Two that were related to the war effort.
  • George Pullman, (1831–1897), sleeper car magnate, Chicago businessman, lived in Albion with his family for some time. Built the Pullman Memorial Universalist Church at 10 East Park Street (1894) in memory of his parents.
  • Edwin R. Reynolds, (1816-1908), former US Congressman.
  • Benjamin Titus Roberts, (1823-1893), founder of the Free Methodist Church of North America, minister at Albion's United Methodist Church during the mid-1850s.
  • John G. Sawyer, (1825-1898), last US Congressman elected from Orleans County.
  • Loren Stiles, (1826-1863), founder of the first Congregational Free Methodist Church in 1859.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ rgrta Resources and Information. This website is for sale!. rgrta.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.

External links[edit]