Albion (village), New York
Looking north along Main Street in downtown Albion
|Official name: Village of Albion|
|Name origin: From archaic name for Great Britain|
|Region||Western New York|
|Towns||Albion and Gaines|
|Center||Main and Bank streets|
|- elevation||540 ft (165 m)|
|Highest point||Two areas near S boundary|
|- elevation||600 ft (183 m)|
|Lowest point||Former quarries N of St. Joseph's Cemetery|
|- elevation||440 ft (134 m)|
|Area||3 sq mi (8 km2)|
|Density||2,019/sq mi (780/km2)|
|- location||35–37 East Bank Street|
|- elevation||500 ft (152 m)|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||2391504|
Location of New York in the United States
|Wikimedia Commons: Albion, New York|
Albion is a village in Orleans County, New York, United States. The population was 6,056 at the 2010 census. The village is centrally located in the county and is partly in both the towns of Albion and Gaines. It is the county seat of Orleans County and is about 30 miles (48 km) west north-west of the City of Rochester. It is part of the Rochester Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The Albion area was first settled in 1812. There were few residents until it was announced near the end of the decade that the Erie Canal would pass through. An entrepreneur named Nehemiah Ingersoll bought much of the land near the planned intersection of the canal and Oak Orchard Road, the main north-south route through the area in 1822. It was soon subdivided, and the village, then known as Newport, began to grow.
Orleans County was created two years later. State officials considered both Gaines (then more populous) and Newport as the county seat due to their central location within the new county. They chose Newport in 1826 due to its location on the canal and the West Branch of Sandy Creek, where a mill had already been established. The next year it changed its name to Albion to avoid postal confusion with New York's other Newport, in Oneida County. In 1828 it was incorporated as a village.
The William V. N. Barlow House, North Main–Bank Streets Historic District, Orleans County Courthouse Historic District, Tousley-Church House, and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Albion is located at (43.247211, -78.191264).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.7 km2), all land.
The Erie Canal passes through the community.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,438 people, 2,307 households, and 1,444 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,501.8 people per square mile (966.9/km2). There were 2,566 housing units at an average density of 863.1 per square mile (333.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 73.88% White, 18.20% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.99% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.32% of the population.
There were 2,307 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 37.3% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 141.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 150.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $30,010, and the median income for a family was $34,881. Males had a median income of $31,660 versus $22,157 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,531. About 13.0% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.
Public transportation in Albion is provided by the OTS, which is part of the Rochester Genesee Regional Transportation Authority (RGRTA).
- Albion is the center of the Medina sandstone industry, and lies in the midst of a good farming region, of which it is the principal shipping point, especially for apples, cabbages and beans.
- Terry A. Anderson, (1947– ), former hostage, humanitarian, lived in Albion during the 1950s.
- Grace Bedell, (1848–1936), suggested in 1860 (aged 11) that Abraham Lincoln grow a beard.
- Sanford E. Church, (1815–1880), born in Albion, Lieutenant Governor of New York, New York State Comptroller and Chief Judge of New York State Court of Appeals.
- Dan H. Cole, former New York State Senator.
- Tommy Colella, (1918- ), retired pro football player.
- John Cunneen, (1848–1907), Irish immigrant, New York State Attorney General.
- Noah Davis, (1818-1902), former US Congressman, New York State Supreme Court Justice.
- Elizabeth H. Denio, PhD, (1842-1922), born at Albion, professor at Vassar College and Wellesley College, organizer of Rochester's Memorial Art Gallery.
- Gilbert De La Matyr, (1825-1892), former US Congressman from Indiana, live in Albion during the 1850s and 1860s.
- Geoffrey Giuliano,(1953– ), author, actor and syndicated radio show host lived on and off in Albion from his birth until the age of twenty three.
- Henry Moore Harrington, (1849-1876), born at Albion, West Point Military Academy graduate, member of 7th US Cavalry killed at Battle of Little Bighorn.
- Elizur K. Hart, (1841–1893), born in Albion, founder of newspaper Rochester Post-Express and United States Congressman from New York.
- Charles H. Holmes, (1827–1874), born in Albion, United States Congressman from New York.
- Charles W. Howard, (1896–1966), portrayer and teacher of Santa Claus.
- Derek Kinder, (1986– ), NCAA College Football standout for Pitt. Drafted by Chicago Bears as a Compensatory selection in the 2009 NFL Draft.
- Charles H. Nesbitt, (1947– ), decorated Vietnam veteran, former NYS Assemblyman and NYS Assembly Minority Leader of the Republican Party, current president of the NYS Division of Tax Appeals and Tax Appeals Tribunal.
- Daniel H. Pinney, (1837-1921), jurist and lawyer.
- Henry "Hank" Porter, (1900-1951), born in Albion, artist for Walt Disney credited with creating over 1,200 war effort drawings during World War Two.
- George Pullman, (1831–1897), sleeper car magnate, Chicago businessman, lived in Albion with his family for some time. Built the Pullman Memorial Universalist Church at 10 East Park Street (1894) in memory of his parents.
- Edwin R. Reynolds, (1816-1908), former US Congressman.
- Benjamin Titus Roberts, (1823-1893), founder of the Free Methodist Church of North America, minister at Albion's United Methodist Church during the mid-1850s.
- John G. Sawyer, (1825-1898), last US Congressman elected from Orleans County.
- Loren Stiles, (1826-1863), founder of the first Congregational Free Methodist Church in 1859.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- rgrta Resources and Information. This website is for sale!. rgrta.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Albion (New York).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Albion, New York.|