Albizia gummifera

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Albizia gummifera
Mupambangoma plant (Albizia gummifera); flowering stem with Wellcome V0043191.jpg
Engraving by Charles Heath
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Clade: Mimosoideae
Genus: Albizia
Species:
A. gummifera
Binomial name
Albizia gummifera
(J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Synonyms[1]
  • Albizia ealaensis De Wild.
  • Albizia fastigiata (E. Mey.) Oliv.
  • Albizia laevicorticata Zimm.
  • Albizia sassa (Willd.) "Chiov., p.p."
  • Albizia sassa (Willd.) Chiov.
  • Albizia sassa (Willd.) J.F. Macbr.
  • Feuilleea sassa (Willd.) Kuntze
  • Inga sassa Willd.
  • Mimosa sassa (Baillon ex Drake) Poir.
  • Sassa gummifera J.F.Gmel.

Albizia gummifera is a species of legume in the family Fabaceae, native to sub-saharan Africa and Madagascar, and naturalized in Brazil.[2] It is also known as peacock flower.[2]

It is recognisable as a very large deciduous, flat-topped tree reaching 24-27 metres in height and an attractive shape with thick branches. The largest specimens grow in wet or seasonally wet forest and closed woodland but it also thrives in some woodland areas with a notable dry season where it can be found at altitudes over 1500 metres. It grows best at moderate altitudes of around 700 - 1200 metres above sea level, but reaches down to below this at the southernmost extent of its range, in the Runde valley in Zimbabwe. It usually has a smooth bark, very rarely rough.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 24 July 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Albizia gummifera" (PDF). Agroforestry Database 4.0 (Orwa et al. 2009). Retrieved 24 July 2014.