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Alburnus alburnus Hungary.jpg
Alburnus alburnus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Alburnus
Rafinesque, 1820

Alburnus is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known commonly as bleaks.[1] A group of species in the genus are known as shemayas.[2] The genus occurs in the western Palearctic ecozone, and the center of diversity is in Turkey.[3]

The genus Chalcalburnus is now part of Alburnus.[4]


There are currently 46 recognized species in this genus:


  1. ^ a b Buj, I., Vukić, J., Šanda, R., Perea, S., Ćaleta, M., Marčić, Z., Bogut, I., Povž, M. & Mrakovčić, M. (2010). Morphological comparison of bleaks (Alburnus, Cyprinidae) from the Adriatic Basin with the description of a new species. Folia Zoologica, 59 (2): 129-141.
  2. ^ a b Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. (2007): Alburnus vistonicus, a new species of shemaya from eastern Greece, with remarks on Chalcalburnus chalcoides macedonicus from Lake Volvi (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18 (3): 205-212.
  3. ^ a b Özuluğ, M. & Freyhof, J. (2007): Alburnus demiri, a new species of bleak from Western Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18 (4): 307-312
  4. ^ a b c Özuluğ, M. & Freyhof, J. (2007): Rediagnosis of four species of Alburnus from Turkey and description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18 (3): 233-246.
  5. ^ Mousavi-Sabet, H. Vatandoust, S., Khataminejad, S., Eagderi, S., Abbasi, K., Nasri, M., Jouladeh, A. & Vasil’eva, E.D. (2015): Alburnus amirkabiri (Teleostei), a New Species of Shemaya from the Namak Lake Basin, Iran. Journal of Ichthyology, 55 (1): 40-52.
  6. ^ Elp, M., Şen, F. & Özuluğ, M. (2015). "Alburnus selcuklui, A New Species of Cyprinid Fish From East Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)" (PDF). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 15: 181–186.