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Alburnus alburnus Hungary.jpg
Common bleak (Alburnus alburnus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Alburninae
Genus: Alburnus
Rafinesque, 1820

Alburnus is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known commonly as bleaks.[1] A group of species in the genus are known as shemayas.[2] The genus occurs in the western Palearctic ecozone, and the center of diversity is in Turkey.[3]

The genus Chalcalburnus is now part of Alburnus.[4]


There are currently 45 recognized species in this genus:


  1. ^ a b Buj I.; Vukić J.; Šanda R.; Perea S.; Ćaleta M.; Marčić Z.; Bogut I.; Povž M.; Mrakovčić M. (2010). "Morphological comparison of bleaks (Alburnus, Cyprinidae) from the Adriatic Basin with the description of a new species" (PDF). Folia Zoologica. 59 (2): 129–141. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
  2. ^ a b Freyhof J.; Kottelat M. (2007). "Alburnus vistonicus, a new species of shemaya from eastern Greece, with remarks on Chalcalburnus chalcoides macedonicus from Lake Volvi (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)" (PDF). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 18 (3): 205–212.
  3. ^ a b Özuluğ M.; Freyhof J. (2007). "Alburnus demiri, a new species of bleak from Western Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)" (PDF). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 18 (4): 307–312.
  4. ^ a b c Özuluğ M.; Freyhof J. (2007). "Rediagnosis of four species of Alburnus from Turkey and description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)" (PDF). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 18 (3): 233–246.
  5. ^ Mousavi-Sabet H.; Vatandoust S.; Khataminejad S.; Eagderi S.; Abbasi K.; Nasri M.; Jouladeh A.; Vasil'eva E.D. (2015). "Alburnus amirkabiri (Teleostei), a New Species of Shemaya from the Namak Lake Basin, Iran". Journal of Ichthyology. 55 (1): 40–52. doi:10.1134/s0032945215010129.
  6. ^ Elp, M.; Şen, F. & Özuluğ, M. (2015). "Alburnus selcuklui, A New Species of Cyprinid Fish From East Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)" (PDF). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 15: 181–186.