Alcantara (material)

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Alcantara examples
Alcantara in Lancia Delta
Pink Alcantara in Lancia Y

Alcantara is a covering material manufactured and marketed by Alcantara S.p.A. It is primarily used in the design, fashion, accessories, consumer electronics, automotive and marine industries.[1]

The material was developed in the early 1970s by Miyoshi Okamoto, a scientist working for the Japanese chemical company Toray Industries. It was based on the same technology as another product from the same company named Ultrasuede.[2] Around 1972, a joint venture between Italian chemical company ENI and Toray formed Alcantara SpA in order to manufacture and distribute the material.[3][4] The company is now owned by Toray and Mitsui.

Alcantara is produced by combining an advanced spinning process (producing very low denier bi-component "islands in the sea" fibre) and chemical and textile production processes (needle punching, buffing, impregnation, extraction, finishing, dyeing, etc.) which interact with each other.

Composition[edit]

Alcantara is composed of about 68% polyester and 32% polyurethane,[5] giving increased durability and stain resistance. The appearance and tactile feel of the material is similar to that of suede, and it may be incorrectly identified as such.

Some versions are designated as flame retardant in order to meet certain fire standards for both furnishings and automobile applications.[3]

Current uses[edit]

Alcantara has applications including furniture,[6] clothing, jewellery, helmets and automotive (such as in seating, dash trimming and headliners in many high-end OEM automotive suppliers). In the world of high fashion, Louis Vuitton uses Alcantara linings in many of its bags. Most famously, in the collaboration with Takashi Murakami under the creative direction of fashion designer Marc Jacobs, wherein the white Multicolor Monogram bags all have a bright fuschia Alcantara lining.

Alcantara is being used currently as a flame-retardant driver seat covering material for Formula One race cars, including the Williams Formula One 2011 FW33 car.[7] It is also used as a covering material for high-end headphones including the Sennheiser HD800, the Sennheiser Momentum On-Ear,[8] and Bose QuietComfort 35[9] as well as for other consumer products such as Microsoft's Alcantara Surface Pro 4 cover.[10] Alcantara is also used in SpaceX's Crew Dragon capsule.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Company website". 
  2. ^ Robert Kanigel Faux real: genuine leather and 200 years of inspired fakes, National Academies Press, 2007 ISBN 0-309-10236-7 p. 192
  3. ^ a b JAB Anstoetz takes over Alcantara distribution, SleeperMagazine.com, 12 June 2010
  4. ^ Giancarlo Colombo (Ed.) Who's Who in Italy 2007 Edition, Volume 2, 2008, ISBN 88-85246-62-1
  5. ^ Walter Fung Coated and laminated textiles, Woodhead Publishing, 2002 ISBN 1-85573-576-8, p. 239
  6. ^ Mel Byars New chairs: design, technology, and materials, Laurence King Publishing, 2006 ISBN 1-85669-413-5 p.98
  7. ^ F1 Technical Williams Formula One FW33 Technical specifications
  8. ^ Sennheiser HD800 Product Page
  9. ^ Bose QuietComfort 35 Product Page
  10. ^ Microsoft Surface Pro 4 Signature Cover Product Page
  11. ^ "SpaceX on Instagram: "Crew Dragon can have up to seven seats, which are made from the highest-grade carbon fiber and Alcantara cloth."". Instagram. Retrieved 2015-09-11. 

External links[edit]