Alcheon

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Alcheon
Hangul
알천
Hanja
Revised RomanizationAlcheon
McCune–ReischauerAlch'ŏn

Kim Alcheon (aka, So Alcheon, 577-654). He was a well-known general during Queen Seondeok's era and served as a Sangdaedeung during Queen Jindeok's reign.

Biography[edit]

He was the son of Hyeongong - a man of Seonggol rank, who deliberately married a woman of a lower rank (Jingol), in order to keep his children away from the bloody fight over the throne, which eventually made Alcheon a Jingol.

According to Samguk Yusa, Alcheon was a member of the Hwarang, during King Jipyeong's reign.

On year 636, Queen Seondeok, ordered him to drive off the Baekje forces in Yeoguen-gok. He helped Kim Yushin to suppress Bidam's rebellion, against Queen Seondeok, on February of year 637. After Queen Seondeok died, he was appointed as the next Sangdaedeung for Queen Jindeok. He led his soldiers to victory over the Goguryeo forces, when the Goguryeo army invaded Chiljung castle, on year 638.

Year 654, Queen Jindeok died without a successor. Being a Sangdaedeung, Alcheon, had the strongest chance for the throne. However, he refused, saying that "He is already too old for the position and doesn't even have the desire to do so." He then gave his support to Kim Chunchu, who became King Taejong Muyeol, later on.

After that, Kim Alcheon changed his last name from Kim to So. He was the founder of the So clan in Silla. The So clan from Jinju had a prestigious lineage, as they held the office of Sangdaedeung - the highest and most prestigious office that one could attain next to the throne itself.

There was a famous story about Alcheon's bravery: One day, Alcheon was out in the forest together with the other hwarangs. Suddenly, a lion appeared and was about to attack them. The Hwarangs were terrified and started to panic, but Alcheon just smiled and attacked the lion alone and killed it with his bare hands.

Popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  • ^ Il-yeon: Samguk Yusa: Legends and History of the Three Kingdoms of Ancient Korea, translated by Tae-Hung Ha and Grafton K. Mintz. Book One, page 64. Silk Pagoda (2006). ISBN 1-59654-348-5