Alchevsk

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Alchevsk
Алчевськ (Ukrainian)
DSTU photo.jpg
Flag of Alchevsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Alchevsk
Coat of arms
Alchevsk is located in Ukraine
Alchevsk
Alchevsk
Location of Alchevsk
Coordinates: 48°28′40″N 38°47′52″E / 48.47778°N 38.79778°E / 48.47778; 38.79778Coordinates: 48°28′40″N 38°47′52″E / 48.47778°N 38.79778°E / 48.47778; 38.79778
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Luhansk Oblast
Founded 1895
City Status 1932
Area
 • Total 55 km2 (21 sq mi)
Elevation 240 m (790 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 114,624
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
Postal code 94200-94299
Area code(s) (+380) 6442
Vehicle registration BB / 13
Website http://www.al.lg.ua/

Alchevsk (Ukrainian: Алчевськ, translit. Alchevs'k; Russian: Алчевск) is a city of oblast subordination of Luhansk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. It is located approximately 45 kilometres (28 miles) from the oblast capital, Luhansk.

As of 2004, its population was estimated to be 120,000.

Alchevsk Iron and Steel Works

Alchevsk is one of the largest industrial centers in the Donbas, and comprises a quarter of the entire oblast's production. The city economy depends on OJSC "Alchevsk Iron & Steel Works" and "Alchevsk Coke-Chemical Plant" companies.

The city was known as Voroshylovsk (Ukrainian: Ворошиловськ) from 1931 to 1961, and then Komunarsk (Ukrainian: Комунарськ) until 1991.

History[edit]

St. Nicholas Cathedral, Alchevsk
Railway Station, Alchevsk
Director house, Alchevsk
Factory clinic, Alchevsk
Dnipro Е187 trolleybus in Alchevsk, Ukraine

Alchevsk was founded in 1895 with the establishment of an iron works and named after Alexey Alchevsky, a businessman of Ukrainian descent who founded the Donetsk–Yuryev Metallurgical Society.[1] He was famous for the financial and industrial development of the eastern part of Ukraine and particularly the Donbas region. Later his children as well as his wife made enormous contribution in the development of the Ukrainian culture through poetry and music.

In 1931, Alchevsk was renamed Voroshilovsk, after Kliment Voroshilov, a Soviet military and party figure.[1] As Voroshilov's personality cult was diminishing, the town was renamed Kommunarsk in 1961.[1] After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the original name was restored in 1992.[1]

Winter disaster of 2006[edit]

On January 22, 2006, the district heating system of the city almost entirely collapsed after an underground heat pipe line cracked in unusually cold weather (nearly −30 °C). As a result, heating equipment in the majority of Alchevsk's buildings was frozen and ruptured, leaving about 60,000 residents with only the protection of individual electric heaters. A few days later the sewage system also froze due to a lack of warm tap water.

An investigation revealed the massive, long-time negligence of the city authorities. The whole heating system was designed in a hyper-centralized way, depending on only two boilers and few main pipelines. Moreover, the housing company failed to react to the pipe incident properly: the water from the system wasn't immediately dumped to prevent further freezing.

The Ukrainian government took massive emergency actions to protect Alchevsk residents from freezing. Engineering teams sent by cities and industrial companies from other regions of the country were gradually restoring heating appliances in every apartment affected. Hundreds of children together with their schoolteachers were evacuated to the resorts and hotels in the warmer regions of Ukraine. According to the governor of Luhansk Oblast G. Moskal, it has been the worst human-made disaster in the history of independent Ukraine.

The economic consequences of the disaster for the city are unclear—including the central government's subsidization of the total replacement of the heating system in every apartment.

War in Donbass (2014-present)[edit]

Starting Mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Luhansk Oblast,[2][3] including Alchevsk.[4] In the following war in Donbass, the city became a part of the separatist Luhansk People's Republic.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Native language as of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[6]

Education[edit]

The Donbas State Technical University founded in 1957 is located in Alchevsk.

Sports[edit]

Stal Stadium, Alchevsk

Alchevsk is home to the football team FC Stal Alchevsk which currently participates in the Ukrainian First League,the second tier of national football competitions.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Alchevsk is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Е. М. Поспелов (Ye. M. Pospelov). "Имена городов: вчера и сегодня (1917–1992). Топонимический словарь." (City Names: Yesterday and Today (1917–1992). Toponymic Dictionary.) Москва, "Русские словари", 1993.

External links[edit]