Alchornea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alchornea
Alchornea sicca Blanco2.307.png
Alchornea sicca[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subtribe: Alchorneinae
Genus: Alchornea
Sw.
Synonyms[2]

Alchornea is a plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae first described as a genus in 1788.[3][4] It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, S Asia, Australia, Latin America, and various oceanic islands.[2] Molecular phylogenetic analyses suggest that Bocquillonia from New Caledonia is nested in Alchornea.[5]

Species[2]
  1. Alchornea acutifolia - Venezuela, Colombia, Peru
  2. Alchornea alnifolia - Madagascar, Mayotte
  3. Alchornea anamariae - Peru, Bolivia
  4. Alchornea androgyna - N Vietnam
  5. Alchornea annamica - Vietnam
  6. Alchornea aquifolia - Queensland, New South Wales
  7. Alchornea bogotensis - Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador
  8. Alchornea brittonii - Peru, Bolivia
  9. Alchornea castaneifolia - South America
  10. Alchornea chiapasana - Veracruz, Chiapas
  11. Alchornea coelophylla - Colombia, Ecuador
  12. Alchornea cordifolia - tropical Africa
  13. Alchornea costaricensis - Central America, Colombia, Ecuador
  14. Alchornea davidii - S China
  15. Alchornea discolor - South America
  16. Alchornea floribunda - tropical Africa
  17. Alchornea fluviatilis - South America
  18. Alchornea glabra - Anhui
  19. Alchornea glandulosa - South + Central America
  20. Alchornea grandiflora - South + Central America
  21. Alchornea grandis - Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama
  22. Alchornea guatemalensis - Baja Verapaz
  23. Alchornea hilariana - Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
  24. Alchornea hirtella - Africa
  25. Alchornea humbertii - Madagascar
  26. Alchornea hunanensis - Hunan
  27. Alchornea integrifolia - Guatemala, Honduras, Colombia
  28. Alchornea latifolia - Mexico, West Indies, C + S America
  29. Alchornea laxiflora - Africa
  30. Alchornea liukiuensis - Taiwan, Nansei-shoto
  31. Alchornea lojaensis - Ecuador
  32. Alchornea megalophylla - Colombia, Panama
  33. Alchornea mildbraedii - Cameroon
  34. Alchornea mollis - E Himalayas
  35. Alchornea occidentalis - C Africa
  36. Alchornea parviflora - Thailand, Philippines, Borneo, Sumatra, Malaysia
  37. Alchornea pearcei - Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador
  38. Alchornea perrieri - Madagascar
  39. Alchornea rhodophylla - Penang
  40. Alchornea rugosa - SE Asia, S China, Assam, Queensland, Papuasia
  41. Alchornea scandens - Vietnam
  42. Alchornea sicca - Luzon, Indochina
  43. Alchornea sidifolia - S Brazil, Misiones
  44. Alchornea tachirensis - Venezuela, Colombia
  45. Alchornea tiliifolia - SE Asia, E Himalayas
  46. Alchornea trewioides - S China, N Vietnam
  47. Alchornea triplinervia - South + Central America, Trinidad
  48. Alchornea ulmifolia - Ryukyu Islands
  49. Alchornea vaniotii - Yunnan
  50. Alchornea websteri - Ecuador
  51. Alchornea yambuyaensis - SC Africa
formerly included

moved to other genera (Aparisthmium Cleidion Cnesmone Discocleidion Discoglypremna Necepsia Neoscortechinia Orfilea Sampantaea Trigonostemon Wetria )

  1. A. amentiflora - Sampantaea amentiflora
  2. A. arborea - Neoscortechinia nicobarica
  3. A. blumeana - Wetria insignis
  4. A. caloneura - Discoglypremna caloneura
  5. A. castaneifolia - Necepsia castaneifolia
  6. A. cordata (A.Juss.) Müll.Arg. 1866 not Benth. 1849 - Aparisthmium cordatum
  7. A. coriacea (Baill.) Müll.Arg. 1865 not Ule 1909 - Orfilea coriacea
  8. A. cuneata - Trigonostemon heteranthus
  9. A. cuneifolia - Trigonostemon heteranthus
  10. A. latifolia Klotzsch not Sw. 1788 - Aparisthmium cordatum
  11. A. macrophylla - Aparisthmium cordatum
  12. A. madagascariensis - Necepsia castaneifolia
  13. A. mairei - Cnesmone mairei
  14. A. mappa - Macaranga mappa
  15. A. martiana - Conceveiba martiana
  16. A. multispicata - Orfilea multispicata
  17. A. oblongifolia - Cleidion castaneifolium
  18. A. orinocensis - Aparisthmium cordatum
  19. A. rufescens - Discocleidion rufescens

References[edit]

  1. ^ illustration circa 1880, from Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.) - Flora de Filipinas
  2. ^ a b c "Alchornea in". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  3. ^ Swartz, Olof. 1788. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum seu Prodromus 6, 98 in Latin
  4. ^ Alchornea in PlantList
  5. ^ Wurdack, K. J., P. Hoffmann, and M. W. Chase (2005). Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis of Uniovulate Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae Sensu Stricto) Using Plastid rbcL and trnL-F DNA Sequences.” American Journal of Botany 92(8): 1397–1420.