Alchornea floribunda

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Alchornea floribunda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Acalyphoideae
Tribe: Alchorneae
Genus: Alchornea
Species: A. floribunda
Binomial name
Alchornea floribunda
Müll. Arg.

Alchornea floribunda is a plant native to Sudan, Uganda, Cameroon, Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.[1] The plant is locally known as Niando.

Description[edit]

Alchornea floribunda is a large, straggly shrub that grows into a bush about 4.5 metres (15 ft) tall. [2]

Uses[edit]

This plant has many traditional uses. The leaves are sometimes cooked and eaten as a vegetable and may be eaten with meat or fish as an antidote to poison. They are also consumed as a remedy for ovarian problems and gastro-intestinal disorders. A decoction of the dried leaves is used to treat diarrhoea and the leaves are pulped to promote the healing of wounds. The dried leaves and fibrous root scrapings are used as a substitute for tobacco. The powdered rootbark is highly prized in traditional medicine as a stimulating intoxicant and aphrodisiac.[2]

This plant is preferentially used by chimpanzees in making tools for catching termites in the Dja Faunal Reserve in south eastern Cameroon. The animals hunt through the forest for the shrub and make short poles out of it. Thicker poles about half a metre long are used to dig into and disturb the termite mound, and thinner, flexible poles are inserted for the angry termites to climb onto. The chimpanzees then scoop the termites clinging to their fishing rods into their mouths.[3]

Phytochemicals[edit]

Compounds contained in Alchornea floribunda include Alchorneine, Alchorneinone, Alkaloids, Anthranilic acid, Gentisinic acid, Isoalchorneine and Yohimbine.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NPGS/GRIN
  2. ^ a b "Alchornea floribunda". Useful Tropical Plants. Retrieved 2015-08-02. 
  3. ^ Deblauwe, Isra; Guislain, Patrick; Dupain, Jef; Van Elsacker, Linda (2006). "Use of a tool-set by Pan troglodytes troglodytes to obtain termites (Macrotermes) in the periphery of the Dja Biosphere Reserve, southeast Cameroon". American Journal of Primatology 68 (12): 1191–1196. doi:10.1002/ajp.20318. 
  4. ^ Dr. Duke's Database

External links[edit]