Alchmund of Derby

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Saint Alkmund.
Saint Alcmund.jpg
Image of St Alkmund
Born circa 770 AD
Died 800 AD
Venerated in Catholic Church
Feast March 19
St Alkmund's Sarcophagus, at Derby Museum and Art Gallery.

Alcmund of Derby (or of Lilleshall), also spelt Ealhmund, Alhmund, Alkmund, or Alchmund (d. c. 800) was son of Alhred of Northumbria. After more than twenty years in exile as a result of Northumbrian dynastic struggles, he returned with an army. He was killed in about 800, for which King Eardwulf of Northumbria was held responsible. Whatever the exact circumstances, his death was regarded as a martyrdom, and Alcmund as a saint.[1]

Cross shaft from the defunct St. Alkmund's Church, Derby at Derby Museum and Art Gallery.[2]

Alcmund was buried at Derby, where miracles were reported at the tomb. In the early tenth century, his remains were translated to Shrewsbury, probably by Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians.[3]

When St Alkmund's, Shrewsbury became the property of Lilleshall Abbey about 1145, his body was probably translated back to Derby. Confusion about his first place of burial has arisen from this connection to Lilleshall. [4]

When the Derby church was demolished in 1968, several earlier churches were revealed, stretching back to the 9th century. Artefacts found included the stone sarcophagus.[5]

Six churches in England are dedicated to him, at Derby, Duffield, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch (Shropshire), Aymestrey and Blyborough.[4]

His feast day is 19 March.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Signage at Derby Museum notes that he was recorded in the 9th century as being a Saint buried in the Minster beside the Derwent at a place called Northworthy - whose Viking name is Derby.
  2. ^ The museum's exhibit label says "Part of 9th-century Anglo Saxon stone cross which once stood at St. Alkmund's church, Derby. This stone was found when St Alkmund's church was rebuilt in 1844. The cross was originally about 4 metres tall. There are birds and beasts carved on all four sides."
  3. ^ Meijns, Brigitte (2010). "The Policy on Relic Translations of Baldwin II of Flanders (879–918), Edward of Wessex (899–924), and Æthelflæd of Mercia (d.924): A Key to Anglo-Flemish Relations". In Rollason, David; Leyser, Conrad; Williams, Hannah. England and the Continent in the Tenth Century. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols. p. 476. ISBN 9782503532080. 
  4. ^ a b Saint Alkmund, His Life, Murder and Cults, Derek & Marion Taulbut, 1998
  5. ^ Sarah Allard, Nicola Rippon (2003). Goodey's Derby (Paintings and Drawing in the Collection of Derby Museum & Art Gallery) p.134. Breedon Books Publishing Co Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85983-379-7. 
  • Grosjean, P., Codicis Gothani Appendix (Vita Sancti Aelkmundi regis), Analecta Bollandiana lviii (1940), 178-83

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

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