Silacayoapan Mixtec

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Silacayoapan Mixtec
Native to Mexico
Region Oaxaca, Guerrero
Native speakers
(150,000 in Mexico cited 1990–2011)[1]
Oto-Manguean
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
mks – Silacayoapan
mxb – Tezoatlán
vmc – Juxtlahuaca
mim – Alacatlatzala (Cahuatache)
mxv – Metlatónoc (San Rafael)
xta – Alcozauca
jmx – Coicoyán (Western Juxtlahuaca)
mxa – Portezuelo (Northwest Oaxaca)
Glottolog cent2266  (Central Baja Mixtec)[2]
sout3179  (Southern Baja Mixtec)[3]
guer1245  (Guerrero Mixtec)[4]
tezo1238  (Tezoatlan Mixtec)[5]

Silacayoapan is one of the more extensive Mixtec languages. It is spoken by 150,000 people in Puebla and across the border in Guerrero, as well as by emigrants to the United States.

Dialects[edit]

Egland & Bartholomew[6] found six dialects (with > ≈80% internal intelligibility) which had about 70% mutual intelligibility with each other:

  • Metlatónoc (Metlatónoc, San Rafael, Tlacoachistlahuaca, Cochoapa), Alcozauca (Alcozauca, Xochapa, Petlacalancingo)
  • Portezuelo (Santos Reyes Yucuná, Guadalupe Portezuelo, San Simón Zahuatlán)
  • Coicoyán (San Martín Peras Cuatzoquitengo, Río Frijol, Santa Cruz Yucucani, San José Yoxocaño, Malvabisco, Rancho Limón, Río Aguacate, Boca de Mamey)
  • (varieties within ≈75% of Silacayoapan proper)
    • Juxtlahuaca (San Sebastián Tecomaxtlahuaca, San Miguel Tlacotepec, Santos Reyes Tepejillo, Santa María Tindú, San Martin Durazons)
    • Alacatlatzala (Alacatlatzala, Cahuatache, Tenaztalcingo, Jilotepec, Zacatipa, Tototepec, Cuba Libre, San Isidro Labrador, Quiahuitlatlatzala, Xonacatlán, Tepecocatlán, Cuautipa, Ocuapa, Potoichan)
    • Silacayoapan
      • Silacayoapan proper (Santo Domingo Tonalá, San Jorge Nuchita)
      • Tezoatlán (Yucuquimi de Ocampo, San Andrés Yutatío, Yucuñuti de Benito Juárez, San Juan Diquiyú, San Marcos de Garzón, San Martín del Río, Santa Catarina Yotandú, San Isidro de Zaragoza, San Valentín de Gomez)
      • (other towns) Ixpantepec Nieves, Santiago Tamazola, Atenango, San Miguel Ahuehuetitlán

Ethnologue counts (Santa María) Yucunicoco Mixtec with Juxtlahuaca Mixtec. However, Egland & Bartholomew found it to have only 50% intelligible with Juxtlahuaca. Comprehension of Mixtepec is 85%, but in the other direction only 45%.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Silacayoapan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tezoatlán at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Juxtlahuaca at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Alacatlatzala (Cahuatache) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Metlatónoc (San Rafael) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Alcozauca at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Central Baja Mixtec". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Southern Baja Mixtec". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Guerrero Mixtec". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  5. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Tezoatlan Mixtec". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  6. ^ Egland & Bartholomew (1983) La Inteligibilidad Interdialectal en México
  • Shields, Jäna K. 1988. A syntactic sketch of Silacayoapan Mixtec. In C. Henry Bradley & Barbara E. Hollenbach (eds.) Studies in the syntax of Mixtecan languages, vol. 1. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics; [Arlington:] University of Texas at Arlington, pp. 305–449.
  • Tezoatlán Mixtec (SIL-Mexico)

External links[edit]