Aldebaran b

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aldebaran b
Exoplanet List of exoplanets
Aldebaran b exoplanet.jpg
An artist's impression of Aldebaran b as an exoplanet.
Parent star
Star Aldebaran
Constellation Taurus
Right ascension (α) 04h 35m 55.23907s[1]
Declination (δ) +16° 30′ 33.4885″[1]
Apparent magnitude (mV) 0.86[2] (0.75-0.95)
Distance 65 ly
(20 pc)
Spectral type K5 III[3]
Mass (m) 1.5±0.3 M
Radius (r) 44.2±0.9 R
Temperature (T) 3,910 K
Physical characteristics
Mass (m) 6.47 ± 0.53 MJ
Temperature (T) 1,500 K (1,230 °C; 2,240 °F) K
Orbital elements
Semi-major axis (a) 1.46 ± 0.27 AU
Periastron (q) 1.314 +0.3295
−0.3025
AU
Apastron (Q) 1.606 +0.2105
−0.2375
AU
Eccentricity (e) 0.1 ± 0.05
Orbital period (P) 628.96 ± 0.9 d
Argument of
periastron
(ω) 287 ± 29°
Time of periastron (T0) 1999/04/28 ± 50 JD
Discovery information
Discovery date 1993 (dubious)
May 15, 2015 (confirmed)
Discoverer(s)
Discovery method Radial velocity
Discovery status

Aldebaran b is a possible exoplanet[note 1] orbiting the orange giant star Aldebaran, 65 light-years away. It was initially detected in 1993, but was considered doubtful until in 2015, when researchers came to a conclusion that there is likely an exoplanet orbiting Aldebaran, consistent with the original calculations, but also compatible with stellar activity.[4]

Characteristics[edit]

Mass and orbit[edit]

Aldebaran b is a hot Jupiter exoplanet with about 6.5 times the mass of Jupiter. It orbits at a distance about 45% farther than Earth does from the Sun. The temperature of this planet is likely to be around 1,500 K (1,230 °C; 2,240 °F) because of the radius of its parent star.

Host star[edit]

The host star, Aldebaran, is an orange giant star, meaning it has moved off from the main sequence and exhausted the supply of hydrogen in the core. It has a spectral class of K5 III.[3]

Aldebaran is a K-type star that is approximately 1.5 times the mass and 44 times the radius of the Sun. It has a surface temperature of 3,910 K. In comparison, the Sun has a surface temperature of 5778 K.[5]

The star's apparent magnitude, or how bright it appears from Earth's perspective, is 0.86. Therefore, Aldebaran is visible to the naked eye.

Discovery[edit]

1993 proposal[edit]

The exoplanet was first proposed in 1993, radial velocity measurements of Aldebaran, Arcturus and Pollux showed that Aldebaran exhibited a long-period radial velocity oscillation, which could be interpreted as a substellar companion. The measurements for Aldebaran implied a companion with a minimum mass 11.4 times that of Jupiter in a 643-day orbit at a separation of 2.0 AU (300 Gm) in a mildly eccentric orbit. However, all three stars surveyed showed similar oscillations yielding similar companion masses, and the authors concluded that the variation was likely to be intrinsic to the star rather than due to the gravitational effect of a companion.[6] In 2015 a study showed stable longterm evidence for both a planetary companion and stellar activity.[7]

2015 confirmed status[edit]

In 2015 a study showed stable longterm evidence for both a planetary companion and stellar activity.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653. arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ Ducati, J. R. (2002). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Catalogue of Stellar Photometry in Johnson's 11-color system". CDS/ADC Collection of Electronic Catalogues. 2237: 0. Bibcode:2002yCat.2237....0D. 
  3. ^ a b Gray, R. O.; Corbally, C. J.; Garrison, R. F.; McFadden, M. T.; Bubar, E. J.; McGahee, C. E.; O'Donoghue, A. A.; Knox, E. R. (2006). "Contributions to the Nearby Stars (NStars) Project: Spectroscopy of Stars Earlier than M0 within 40 pc-The Southern Sample". The Astronomical Journal. 132: 161. arXiv:astro-ph/0603770Freely accessible. Bibcode:2006AJ....132..161G. doi:10.1086/504637. 
  4. ^ Hatzes, A.P.; et al. (May 15, 2015). "Long-lived, long-period radial velocity variations in Aldebaran: A planetary companion and stellar activity": 18. arXiv:1505.03454Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015yCat..35800031H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425519. 
  5. ^ Fraser Cain (15 September 2008). "Temperature of the Sun". Universe Today. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  6. ^ Hatzes, A.; Cochran, W. (1993). "Long-period radial velocity variations in three K giants". The Astrophysical Journal. 413 (1): 339–348. Bibcode:1993ApJ...413..339H. doi:10.1086/173002. 
  7. ^ a b Hatzes, A. P.; Cochran, W. D.; et al. "Long-lived, long-period radial velocity variations in Aldebaran: A planetary companion and stellar activity". arXiv:1505.03454Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015A&A...580A..31H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425519. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There is a slight chance Aldebaran b may be an artifact of stellar activity of the parent star, so the chances of Aldebaran b being an exoplanet aren't 100%, but calculations have indicated that it may indeed be there.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 04h 35m 55.2s, 16° 30′ 33″