Aldeburgh branch line
The Aldeburgh branch line was a railway branch line linking the town of Saxmundham on the East Suffolk line and the seaside resort of Aldeburgh. There were intermediate stops at Leiston and Thorpeness. Part of the line remains in use for nuclear flask trains servicing Sizewell nuclear power station.
The line opened as far as Leiston on 1 June 1859 and was extended by four miles to Aldeburgh on 12 April 1860.
The line was proposed by Samuel Morton Peto and supported by local agricultural machine manufacturer Richard Garrett. The Leiston Works Railway operated to link the line to Garrett's Leiston works. Operated initially by the Eastern Counties Railway, it was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1862.
Most trains started their journey at Saxmundham railway station and travelled half a mile northwards along the East Suffolk line to Saxmundham Junction where the Aldeburgh branch diverged eastwards across fields towards Leiston. The line climbs sharply over a ridge of higher ground before falling gently towards the coast. The first station is Leiston (4.5 miles) which as well as goods sidings served the Richard Garrett & Sons works. 16 chains east of the station was a siding on the north side of the line which originally served the town gasworks but was later in service as a coal siding until the 1960s.
There was another industrial siding at Sizewell which was originally provided for cattle traffic off the local marshes . and this location is the present day terminus of the line. It is believed this siding was opened in 1860. Thorpeness station (6.5 miles) was a single platform affair and in latter year its station buildings consisted of three former carriage bodies supported by concrete sleepers at the back.
The three carriages were recorded as:
- GER No. 51 into service May 1883 – 5-compartment third class 6-wheeler withdrawn 23/09/20
- GER No. 1480 into service September 1880 – 5-compartment second class 6-wheeler withdrawn 17/07/14
- GER No. 435 into service March 1897 – first class 4-wheeler withdrawn 19/09/26
There was a siding provided here from 1921 for goods traffic.
The terminus of the line at Aldeburgh consisted of a single platform with an attractive overall roof – quite an unusual feature for the Great Eastern. The station building was a two storey affair. There was a small goods shed as well as a small engine shed at this location. There was a local inn called the Railway Inn close to the station site that still exists today.
- 1859 – Line completed as far as Leiston. Garrett’s branch to brickworks and engineering works opened at same time (1 June).
- 1860 – Line opened Leiston to Aldeburgh
- 1912 – Leiston East siding opened to serve gasworks
- 1914 – Thorpeness station opens
- 1920 – Goods siding at Thorpeness opens
- 1923 – The London and North Eastern Railway take over operation of services
- 1929 – Locomotive Sirapite starts operating Garrett’s branch previously worked by horse, gravity and cable
- 1944 – Leiston east siding takes delivery of 1,383 wagon loads in 4 months
- 1948 – Railways nationalised – branch operated by British Railways (Eastern Region)
- 1959 – goods traffic withdrawn from Thorpeness and Aldeburgh (November)
- 1962 – Sirapite is retired and replaced by a battery locomotive
- 1963 – The Beeching Report recommends closure of the branch but there is significant local opposition
- 1965 – Overall roof at Aldeburgh demolished (August)
- 1966 – Passenger services withdrawn (12 September). Operations cease south of Sizewell.
- 1968 – Garrett's Leiston branch is closed and battery locomotive scrapped.
- 1972 – Saxmundham Junction signal box demolished and replaced by ground frame.
- 1975 – Aldeburgh station building demolished and houses built on site
- 1987–1990 – Operation of construction trains for building of Sizewell B nuclear power station
- 2004 – Sirapite returns to Leiston's Long Shop Museum
- 2009 – Sirapite returned to working order at Long Shop Museum in Leiston
Passenger train services
In April 1860 there were 5 trains each way between Aldeburgh and Saxmundham. In October 1921 there were 8 services each way, two of which were shown as mixed. In 1922 there were direct services to Aldeburgh from London Liverpool Street Station (journey time 3 hours 33 minutes). These consisted of a carriage(s) dropped off the Lowestoft express services and operated between 1906 and 1939.
In the Winter 1951/52 timetable there were six trains per day each way. In the September 1964 timetable there were seven trains each way with three through trains to Ipswich one of which continued to Colchester (Mondays to Fridays only). In the opposite direction only one service originated at Ipswich. No Sunday services. The final 1965/66 timetable showed seven trains each way.
The final passenger train was worked over the branch by British Rail Metro-Cammell diesel multiple units numbers 79066 and 79282. Driver Skeels from Ipswich engine shed was at the controls. The event was filmed.
In connection with the construction of Sizewell C train operator DRS were in June 2012 considering passenger services to serve the power station. Whether this will mean the re-opening of Leiston station or a new station is unclear.
Freight train services
Initial freight services would have included agricultural produce and coal. Up until 1914 there was a good trade in fish but when Aldeburgh harbour became blocked by shingle banks this traffic ceased.
From the lines opening the Garrett's establishment was responsible for significant freight traffic which lasted until the 1960s. Indeed, the goods yard there was still open in 1972 when it was recorded as handling military traffic.
During the 1920s a concrete factory existed at Thorpeness and was served by the siding.
Building material for both Sizewell A in the 1960s and Sizewell B power stations between 1987 and 1990 was bought in by rail.
On 18 October 2010 the British government announced that Sizewell was one of the eight sites it considered suitable for future nuclear power stations. If so the Aldeburgh branch may see construction traffic return.
Locomotives known to have worked the branch include:
- GER Class Y14 0-6-0 LNE classification J15
- GER Class T26 2-4-0 LNE classification E4 'Intermediates'
- GER Class S69 4-6-0 LNE classification B12
- GER Class G69 2-4-2T LNE classification F6 'Gobblers'
- LMS Ivatt Class 2 2-6-2T
These locomotives would have most likely been allocated to Ipswich engine shed and it is possible that other smaller classes of engine from that depot would have worked the line. As mentioned Aldeburgh had a small engine shed which was a sub-shed of Ipswich and used to stable the branch locomotive overnight.
In the diesel era the following locomotive classes worked freight services:
Ipswich shed was one of the first depots to convert to diesel only power and as a result operation of passenger services passed to Diesel Multiple Units based at Norwich. DMU types that are known to have worked the branch include:
- Adderson, Richard & Kenworthy, Graham (2003). Branch lines to Felixstowe and Aldeburgh. Middleton Press. ISBN 1-904474-20-9.
- "Richard Garrett". Saxmundham Town Council. 2008. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- Great Eastern Journal (Great Eastern Railway Society) (64)
- "The history of the Railway Inn". The Railway Inn Aldeburgh. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "The Railway – The Aldeburgh Branch". The Aldeburgh Museum. 2009. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- An account of the last journey can be found in Issue 64 of the Great Eastern Journal
- "An unusual machine". The Long Shop Museum, Leiston, Suffolk. Archived from the original on 2012-09-17. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- Bradshaws Railway timetable. 1922.
- "Letter from H. Morling". Great Eastern Journal. Great Eastern Railway Society (67).
- "Last Train From Aldeburgh 9:54 ,1966, Aldeburgh, Suffolk". East Anglian Film Archive. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- Geater, Paul (30 September 2011). "Leiston: County councillor hopes branch line will reopen – News". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
- Rail (698): p. 62
- "Nuclear power: Eight sites identified for future plants". BBC News. BBC. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2010.