Alderano Cybo

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Alderano Cybo
Dean of the College of Cardinals
Portrait by Carlo Maratta
ChurchCatholic Church
In office1687–1700
Other post(s)Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia e Velletri (1687–1700)
Created cardinal6 March 1645
by Pope Innocent X
Personal details
Born16 July 1613
Died22 July 1700 (aged 87)
Rome, Papal States
BuriedSanta Maria del Popolo
NationalityStates of Massa and Carrara
ParentsCarlo Cybo Malespina
Brigida Spinola
Papal Secretary of State
Professionpriest, bishop

Alderano Cybo (sometimes Alderano Cibo or Alderano Cybo-Malaspina) (16 July 1613 – 22 July 1700) was an Italian Catholic Cardinal.[1] He served as the Secretary of State of Pope Innocent XI.

Early life[edit]

Cybo was born 16 July 1613 in Genoa, the fifth of fourteen children of Carlo I Cybo-Malaspina, sovereign Prince of Massa and Carrara, and of Brigida Spinola (1587–1660), the daughter of the Marchese di Calice, Giannettino Spinola.[2]

As was the custom in his family (he was descended from Pope Innocent VIII and, through his grandmother Marfisa d'Este, from Pope Alexander VI, and was probably Cardinal Innocenzo Cybo's adulterous great-great-grandson), Alderano and several of his siblings were destined for ecclesiastical careers. His elder sister Veronica [it], on the other hand, was married to the Florentine nobleman Jacopo Salviati, but was involved in an obscure episode in 1633, when she was alleged to be behind the savage murder of Caterina Brogi, Jacopo's mistress, whose head was delivered to him in a basket. Veronica was repudiated by her family, but their pressures on Medici government managed to prevent her being prosecuted for the murder. She was forced to leave Florence and to retire to the countryside, near Figline, in the Salviati's Villa San Cerbone [it]. Later she moved to Rome, where she took up residence in the Palazzo Salviati.[3]

Ecclesiastical career[edit]

To pursue his ecclesiastical career, Cybo went to Rome in 1641, as Domestic Prelate and as a referendary of the Tribunal of the Two Signatures to Pope Urban VIII.

In 1644 he was appointed master of the Papal Chamber and prefect of the Holy Apostolic Palace.[4]

On 6 March 1645, Cybo was elevated to the rank of cardinal by Pope Innocent X, and named Cardinal-Priest of Santa Pudenziana.[5] In 1646 he was given the office of papal legate (i.e. governor) in Urbino, and in 1648 of papal legate in the Romandiola. In 1651 he became legate in Ferrara.[6]

On 24 April 1656 he was appointed Bishop of Jesi.[7] The Cardinal held a diocesan synod in Jesi from 4 to 6 July 1658.[8] He resigned the diocese on 10 December 1671, in favor of his brother Lorenzo Cybo.[9]

In 1677, Cardinal Cybo was appointed papal legate (governor) in Avignon, which was an exclave of the Papal States in France. He held the office until 1690,[10] though he administered his office only through appointees, never visiting personally.

On 6 February 1679 Cybo was appointed suburbicarian Bishop of Palestrina by Pope Innocent XI. He was transferred to the diocese of Tusculum (Frascati) on 8 January 1680.[11] He was promoted to the diocese of Porto e Santa Rufina on 8 January 1680.[12] He became Dean of the College of Cardinals and Bishop of Ostia e Velletri on 10 November 1687.[13]

Cybo participated in the papal conclaves of 1655, 1667, 1669–1670 and 1676. As Dean, he presided over the Papal conclave of 1689 and the conclave of 1691.[14]

Sculpture of Alderano Cybo at the Santa Maria del Popolo.

Later life and death[edit]

In 1676, Cybo was appointed Cardinal Secretary of State by Pope Innocent XI; he held the post until the death of Pope Innocent in 1689.

In 1698, Cardinal Cybo held a diocesan synod at Velletri on 24 and 25 November. The constitutions of the synod were published.[15]

Cybo died on 22 July 1700 in Rome, and was buried in the Cybo Chapel of the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, which he had radically rebuilt by Carlo Fontana and Carlo Maratta to glorify the achievements of his family.[16]


  1. ^ S. Miranda: Alderano Cybo
  2. ^ Paviolo, p. 18.
  3. ^ Paviolo, p. 18-19.
  4. ^ Filippo Maria Renazzi (1784). Notizie Storiche Degli Antichi Vicedomini Del Patriarchio Lateranense E De' Moderni Prefetti Del Sagro Palazzo Apostolico Ovvero Maggiordomi Pontifizi (in Italian). Roma: Salomoni. p. 128.
  5. ^ Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 28 no. 11.
  6. ^ Paviolo, p. 20.
  7. ^ Gauchat, p. 71.
  8. ^ Alderano Cybo (1665). Ordinationes, et decreta in Synodo Æsina IV. V. et VI Iulii M.DC.LVIII. celebrata, etc (in Latin). Ancona: Apud Franciscum Seraphinum.
  9. ^ F. Ughelli, Italia sacra I, p. 286. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica V, p. 71 note 2.
  10. ^ Sainte-Marthe, Denis de (1715). Gallia christiana, in provincias ecclesiasticas distributa (in Latin). Vol. Tomus primus. Paris: Coignard. p. 846.
  11. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 42.
  12. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 41 and 43.
  13. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 40.
  14. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: Alderano Cardinal Cybo
  15. ^ Alderano Cybo (1699). Constitutiones synodales editae, et promulgatae ab eminentiss. et reuerendiss. d.d. Alderano episcopo Ostiense, et Veliterno, s.r.e. cardinale Cybo Sacri Collegii decano in Diœcesana synodo habita Velitris diebus 24. & 25. Novembris 1698. . (in Latin). Roma: ex officina Lucae Antonii Chracas.
  16. ^ H. Hager, "La cappella del card. Alderano Cybo in S. Maria del Popolo," in: Commentari XXV (1974), pp. 47-61. (in Italian)


External links[edit]

  • Stumpo, Enrico (1981). "Cibo, Alderano." Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani Volume 25 (1981) (in Italian)

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal Bishop of Porto-Santa Rufina
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-Bishop of San Pietro in Vincoli
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
Succeeded by
Preceded by Dean of the College of Cardinals
Succeeded by
Preceded by Oldest living Member of the Sacred College
19 December 1697 - 22 July 1700
Succeeded by