Alderbury

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Alderbury
Alderbury and Whadden Village Sign - geograph.org.uk - 928879.jpg
Alderbury is located in Wiltshire
Alderbury
Alderbury
 Alderbury shown within Wiltshire
Population 2,223 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU189271
Civil parish Alderbury
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP5
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Salisbury
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°02′35″N 1°43′55″W / 51.043°N 1.732°W / 51.043; -1.732

Alderbury is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Salisbury.

The parish includes the village of Whaddon, which is adjacent to Alderbury, and the hamlet of Shute End. The Salisbury Avon forms the western boundary of the parish. The villages are on the Salisbury-Southampton road which became the A36 primary route; a bypass was opened in 1978, taking the A36 to the east of the villages.[2]

Religious sites[edit]

A church at Alderbury was recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book.[3] A new parish church of St Mary[4] was erected on the same foundations in 1857-58 to designs by S.S. Teulon, with stained glass by Henry Holiday; Clayton and Bell; Heaton, Butler and Bayne; and William Morris. The church is Grade II listed.[5]

There was a church or chapel at Whaddon in the 12th to 14th centuries, which fell into disuse sometime before 1536.[6]

Ivychurch Priory, near Alderbury, was an Augustinian monastery established in the 12th century and dissolved in 1536.

A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was bult at Alderbury in 1825 and demolished in 1970.[7] A Primitive Methodist chapel built at Whaddon in 1884 became a Roman Catholic chapel in 1990.[8][9]

Notable buildings[edit]

Alderbury House, near St Mary's church, is a Grade II* listed country house from the late 18th century.[10]

At Shute End, St Marie's Grange was built in 1835 by architect Augustus Pugin for his own occupation. The house is Grade I listed.[11]

Notable people[edit]

In the 16th century, Ivychurch Priory was converted into a house by Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke. Residents included Sir George Penruddock (died 1581, politician); Mary Herbert, Countess of Pembroke (1561-1621, literary figure and patroness); and John Dove (died 1664/5, politician).

Tennis player Violet Millicent Pinckney (1871-1955) was born at Alderbury.

Canal and railways[edit]

The Salisbury and Southampton Canal was built from Kimbridge (where it joined the Andover Canal) to Alderbury but was never completed as far as Salisbury; construction stopped at Tunnel Hill, near Alderbury House. The canal was opened in 1802 or 1803 and closed in 1806.

The Bishopstoke-Romsey-Salisbury section of the London and South Western Railway was built north of Alderbury and Whaddon, turning west into the Dean valley towards Dean station at West Dean. Opened in 1847, it continues in use as part of the Wessex Main Line between Bristol and Southampton. In 1866 the Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway was built from a junction with the earlier railway near Alderbury, skirting Whaddon and turning south towards Downton and the south coast. This line was closed in 1964 and the track was lifted.

Amenities[edit]

Alderbury has a primary school, Alderbury & West Grimstead CofE (VA) Primary School,[12] which opened in 1993 on a new site to replace a building which had been used as a school since 1838.[13]

There are two pubs: the Green Dragon at Alderbury and the Three Crowns at Whaddon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Alderbury". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Alderbury in the Domesday Book
  4. ^ "The Parish Church of St. Mary Alderbury and Whaddon". Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Alderbury (1355757)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Whaddon Church". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Alderbury". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Roman Catholic Chapel, Whaddon". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Chapel of the Holy Family, Whaddon". Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "Alderbury House (1023788)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  11. ^ Historic England. "St Marie's Grange (1023953)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "Alderbury & West Grimstead Primary School". Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Alderbury & West Grimstead C. of E. Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 

External links[edit]