Aldgate tube station

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For the train station in South Australia, see Aldgate railway station, Adelaide.
Aldgate London Underground
Aldgate-Station-Entrance.jpg
Station entrance
Aldgate is located in Central London
Aldgate
Aldgate
Location of Aldgate in Central London
Location Aldgate
Local authority City of London
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 1
OSI Fenchurch Street National Rail [1]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 Increase 6.24 million[2]
2012 Increase 6.65 million[2]
2013 Increase 6.88 million[2]
2014 Increase 7.22 million[2]
Key dates
18 November 1876 (18 November 1876) Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°30′50″N 0°04′34″W / 51.514°N 0.076°W / 51.514; -0.076

Aldgate is a London Underground station located at Aldgate on the eastern edge of the City of London. It is on the Circle line between Tower Hill and Liverpool Street, the eastern terminus of the Metropolitan line and is in Travelcard Zone 1.[3]

Aldgate was opened in 1876 with its entrance on Aldgate High Street. The nearby Aldgate East station opened eight years later[4] and is served by the District and Hammersmith & City lines.[3]

History[edit]

The route first proposed ran south from Moorgate to Cannon Street, but this was soon amended to the present alignment to allow connection with three additional termini: Liverpool Street, Broad Street, and Fenchurch Street.[5] However, this change also forced an awkward doubling-back at Aldgate, reducing the desirability of the line for local traffic and greatly increasing the cost of construction due to high prices in the City of London.[5]

The station was opened on 18 November 1876 with a southbound extension to Tower Hill opening on 25 September 1882, completing the Circle (line).[5] Services from Aldgate originally ran further west than they do now, reaching as far as Richmond, and trains also used to run from Aldgate to Hammersmith (the Hammersmith & City line now bypasses the station). It became the terminus of the Metropolitan line in 1941. Before that, Metropolitan trains had continued on to the southern termini of the East London Line.

7 July 2005 bombings[edit]

In 2005, one of four bombs used in the 7 July London terrorist attacks was detonated[6] on a Circle line train that had departed Liverpool Street and was approaching Aldgate. Seven passengers[6] were killed in the explosion, as well as the suicide bomber. Of the stations affected by the bombings, Aldgate was the first to be reopened, once police had handed back control of the site to London Underground following an extensive search for evidence. Once the damaged tunnel was repaired by Metronet engineers, the lines were reopened. This also allowed the Metropolitan line to be fully restored, since the closure had meant all trains had to be terminated two stations early, at Moorgate.[7]

Services[edit]

Circle line[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

Metropolitan line[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

During peak hours there are also fast and semi-fast services to Amersham, Chesham, Uxbridge and Watford.[7] Note that there are no semi-fast services to Chesham and semi-fast services to Amersham and Uxbridge are in the morning peaks only. There is also an all-stations service to Watford in the morning peaks only.[7]

Connections[edit]

London Bus routes 25; 40; 42; 67; 78; 100; 115; 135; 205 and 254, and night routes N205; N253; N550 and N551 serve the station.[11] Additionally, bus route 25 has a 24-hour bus service.[11]

Literature[edit]

Aldgate station plays a role in the Sherlock Holmes story The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans (published in the anthology His Last Bow).

In the story, the body of a junior clerk named Cadogan West is found on the tracks outside Aldgate, with a number of stolen plans for the Bruce-Partington submarine in his pocket. It seems clear enough that "the man, dead or alive, either fell or was precipitated from a train." But why, wonders Holmes, did the dead man not have a ticket? It turns out that the body was placed on top of a train carriage before it reached Aldgate, via a window in a house on a cutting overlooking the Metropolitan line. Holmes realises that the body fell off the carriage roof only when the train was jolted by the dense concentration of points at Aldgate.

Aldgate is also mentioned in John Creasy's 1955 detective novel Gideon's Day.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (MICROSOFT EXCEL). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Transport for London (May 2015). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Clive's Underground Line Guides - District line
  5. ^ a b c d e Clive's Underground Line Guides - Circle line
  6. ^ a b Laville, Sandra; Aslam, Dilpazier (14 July 2005). "Trophy-rich athlete who turned to jihad". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 23 May 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Clive's Underground Line Guides - Metropolitan line
  8. ^ "Circle line timetable: From Aldgate Underground Station to Tower Hill Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Circle line timetable: From Aldgate Underground Station to Liverpool Street Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c "Metropolitan line timetable: From Aldgate Underground Station to Liverpool Street Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Buses from Aldgate and Fenchurch Street" (PDF). Transport for London. September 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Victoria)
Metropolitan line Terminus