An aldol or aldol adduct (from "Aldehyde alcohol") is a beta-hydroxy ketone or aldehyde, and is the product of aldol addition (as opposed to aldol condensation, which produces an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moiety).
When used alone, the term "aldol" may also refer specifically to the compound 3-hydroxybutanal.
Alexander Borodin is also credited with the discovery of the aldol reaction together with Wurtz. In 1872 Borodin announced to the Russian Chemical Society the discovery of a new byproduct in aldehyde reactions with properties like that of an alcohol, and he noted similarities with compounds already discussed in publications by Wurtz from the same year.
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