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Aleșd Hospital, former Batthyany-Bethlen Castle
Aleșd Hospital, former Batthyany-Bethlen Castle
Coat of arms of Aleșd
Coat of arms
Location of Aleșd
Location of Aleșd
Coordinates: 47°3′26″N 22°23′49″E / 47.05722°N 22.39694°E / 47.05722; 22.39694Coordinates: 47°3′26″N 22°23′49″E / 47.05722°N 22.39694°E / 47.05722; 22.39694
Country  Romania
County Bihor County
Status Town
 • Mayor Zeno Țipțer (National Liberal Party)
 • Total 71.95 km2 (27.78 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 10,415
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Climate Cfb

Aleșd (Romanian pronunciation: [aˈleʃd]; Hungarian: Élesd) is a town in Bihor County, western Romania. It is located in the east of the county, near the border with Cluj County.


Aleșd is located on the main railway line between Oradea and Bucharest. Consequently, it is served by frequent rapid and intercity (IC) trains from Cluj-Napoca, Bucharest, Arad and Timișoara.


After break-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the town became part of Romania. As a result of the Second Vienna Award, it has been returned to Hungary between 1940 and 1945.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1977 9,608 —    
1992 10,920 +13.7%
2002 10,852 −0.6%
2011 9,619 −11.4%
Source: Census data

Aleșd has a population of 9,619 (2011 census), made up of Romanians (63.9%), Hungarians (16.04%), Roma (12.73%), Slovaks (6.59%), and others (0.42%).[1] It administers three villages: Pădurea Neagră (Feketeerdő), Peștiș (Sólyomkőpestes) and Tinăud (Tinód).

Notable residents[edit]

Miklós Radnóti served his labor draft during World War II in Aleșd.