Aleșd

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aleșd
Town
Aleșd Hospital, former Batthyany-Bethlen Castle
Aleșd Hospital, former Batthyany-Bethlen Castle
Coat of arms of Aleșd
Coat of arms
Location of Aleșd
Location of Aleșd
Coordinates: 47°3′26″N 22°23′49″E / 47.05722°N 22.39694°E / 47.05722; 22.39694Coordinates: 47°3′26″N 22°23′49″E / 47.05722°N 22.39694°E / 47.05722; 22.39694
Country  Romania
County Bihor County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Zeno Țipțer (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 71.95 km2 (27.78 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 10,415
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Climate Cfb

Aleșd (Romanian pronunciation: [aˈleʃd]; Hungarian: Élesd) is a town in Bihor County, western Romania. It is located in the east of the county, near the border with Cluj County.

Geography[edit]

Aleșd is located on the main railway line between Oradea and Bucharest. Consequently, it is served by frequent rapid and intercity (IC) trains from Cluj-Napoca, Bucharest, Arad and Timișoara.

History[edit]

After break-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the town became part of Romania. As a result of the Second Vienna Award, it has been returned to Hungary between 1940 and 1945.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1977 9,608 —    
1992 10,920 +13.7%
2002 10,852 −0.6%
2011 9,619 −11.4%
Source: Census data

Aleșd has a population of 9,619 (2011 census), made up of Romanians (63.9%), Hungarians (16.04%), Roma (12.73%), Slovaks (6.59%), and others (0.42%).[1] It administers three villages: Pădurea Neagră (Feketeerdő), Peștiș (Sólyomkőpestes) and Tinăud (Tinód).

Notable residents[edit]

Miklós Radnóti served his labor draft during World War II in Aleșd.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]