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City of Alegrete
Fountain at the lake of Neytha Ramos Park
Fountain at the lake of Neytha Ramos Park
Flag of City of Alegrete
Official seal of City of Alegrete
"Baita Chão" ("Hell of a Ground")
Location in Rio Grande do Sul and Brazil
Location in Rio Grande do Sul and Brazil
Coordinates: 29°47′01.63″S 55°47′27.54″W / 29.7837861°S 55.7909833°W / -29.7837861; -55.7909833Coordinates: 29°47′01.63″S 55°47′27.54″W / 29.7837861°S 55.7909833°W / -29.7837861; -55.7909833
StateRio Grande do Sul
FoundedOctober 25, 1831
 • MayorMárcio Amaral (MDB)
 • Total7,804 km2 (3,013 sq mi)
102 m (335 ft)
 (2020 [1])
 • Total73,028
 • Density9.4/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI' (2000)0.793 – medium[2]

Alegrete is a municipality in Rio Grande do Sul located in southern Brazil. Its medium altitude is 102 m (335 ft). Its estimated population in 2020 was 73,028 inhabitants and the total area is 7,803.967 km2 (3,013.129 sq mi) (the largest municipality of the State and of Southern Brazil). Its inhabitants are called Alegretenses.

Railroad depot in Alegrete, 1911

Alegrete was settled in 1816 and became a municipality in 1857. It is the hometown of the abolitionist leader Franklin Gomes Souto, of the politician, diplomat and statesman Osvaldo Aranha, first President of the United Nations General Assembly, and of the Brazilian poet Mário Quintana. Every September 20 (Ragamuffin War Day), about 8,000 young, adult and old horsemen and horsewomen parade through its streets, using their native costumes and riding their horses with trappings.

Alegrete is served by Gaudêncio Machado Ramos Airport.

The municipality contains part of the 351 hectares (870 acres) Ibirapuitã Biological Reserve, a fully protected conservation unit created in 1982 to preserve an area of the pampas biome.[3]


  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano, Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (PNUD). 2000. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  3. ^ "Reserva Biológica de Ibirapuitã", Portal Uruguaiana (in Portuguese), archived from the original on 2016-08-09, retrieved 2016-04-26

External links[edit]