Alejandro Maldonado

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Alejandro Maldonado
Alejandro Maldonado 2015 (cropped).jpg
President of Guatemala
Acting
In office
3 September 2015 – 14 January 2016
Vice President Alfonso Fuentes Soria
Preceded by Otto Pérez Molina
Succeeded by Jimmy Morales
14th Vice President of Guatemala
In office
14 May 2015 – 3 September 2015
President Otto Pérez Molina
Preceded by Roxana Baldetti
Succeeded by Alfonso Fuentes Soria
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala
In office
6 June 1993 – 14 January 1996
President Ramiro de León Carpio
Preceded by Gonzalo Menéndez
Succeeded by Eduardo Stein
Minister of Education of Guatemala
In office
1 July 1970 – 1 July 1974
President Carlos Arana Osorio
Preceded by Carlos Martínez Durán
Succeeded by

Guillermo Putzeys

Diplomatic career
Guatemala Ambassador of the United Nations
In office
1 July 1974 – 1 July 1978
President Kjell Laugerud García
Guatemala Ambassador to the European Office of the United Nations
In office
1 July 1978 – 1 July 1980
President Romeo Lucas García
Guatemala Ambassador in Mexico
In office
14 January 1991 – 6 July 1993
Member of the National Council of Belize

In office
14 January 1996 – 14 December 1996

Legislative career and others
First Vice President of the Congress of Guatemala
In office
14 January 2005 – 14 January 2006
Serving with Roxana Baldetti and Leonel Rodríguez
President Jorge Méndez Herbruger
Preceded by Rubén Darío Morales Veliz
Succeeded by Oliverio García Rodas
Deputy of the Central American Parliament
Assumed office
27 January 2016
Serving with Alfonso Fuentes Soria
President Jimmy Morales
Preceded by Álvaro Colom
Succeeded by Jimmy Morales (designated)
Constituency Former President of Guatemala
Deputy of the Congress of Guatemala
In office
1 July 1966 – 1 July 1970
1 July 1984 – 1 July 1986
14 January 2004 – 14 January 2008
Constituency National List
Member of the Guatemala City Council

In office
1956

Judicial career
President of the Court of Constitutionality of Guatemala
In office
14 April 1989 – 14 April 1990
14 April 1997 – 14 April 1998
14 April 2006 – 14 April 2007
Member of the Court of Constitutionality of Guatemala

In office
14 April 1986 – 14 April 1991
14 April 1996 – 14 April 2001
14 April 2006 – 14 May 2015

Personal details
Born Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre
(1936-01-06) 6 January 1936 (age 82)
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Political party National Liberation Movement (Before 1982)
Unionist Party (1982–2006)
Independent (2006–present)
Other political
affiliations
National Opposition Union (1982)
Spouse(s) Ana Fagianni de Maldonado

Alejandro Baltazar Maldonado Aguirre (born January 6, 1936) is a Guatemalan politician who was the Acting President of Guatemala, following the Congress of Guatemala's acceptance of the resignation of President Otto Pérez Molina on September 3, 2015.[1]

He was elected as Vice President by Congress on May 14, 2015, after his predecessor, Roxana Baldetti, resigned amid allegations of corruption. Before becoming Vice President, he served as a constitutional judge, congressional deputy, ambassador to the United Nations, and political leader, including a failed presidential bid in 1982.[2][3] He was Minister of Education from 1970 to 1974 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 1996.

History[edit]

Born in Guatemala City, Maldonado graduated from San Carlos University with a degree in law.[4]

Since the 1960s, he was a member of the far-right National Liberation Movement political party (Movimiento de Liberacion Nacional or MLN), alleged to have started the use of death squads against communists. He was also Minister of Education under the military regime of Arana Osorio (1970–1974) and defended Guatemala before the United Nations when the international community isolated the military regime of Lucas García (1978–1982) for its gross human rights violations.

In the 1980s, he formed the National Renewal Party and joined a coalition with Guatemalan Christian Democracy in the 1982 election. Maldonado placed third in a blatantly rigged election which he may have won had the contest been free and fair,[5] which was followed by a military coup. In 1985 he was again a presidential candidate for his party but placed seventh out of eight candidates and only one seat in Congress. He would continue to hold numerous public posts, including that of Foreign Minister.

Later, Maldonado served as a judge on the Constitutional Court judge on three occasions, where he was responsible for several controversial decisions. In May 2013 Maldonado was judge on the appeal case of former president Efraín Ríos Montt's conviction for genocide. Whereas in the first session Ríos Montt was found guilty, Maldonado and two others of the five-person Constitutional Court annulled the proceedings.[6]

One week after his appointment as Vice President in May 2015, protesters sought his resignation because he had overturned the guilty verdict in the Ríos Montt trial.[7][8]

Public positions held[edit]

  • 1956: Member of the Guatemala City Council
  • 1966–1970: Congressional deputy, for the National Liberation Movement
  • 1970–1974: Minister of Education (under President Arana Osorio)
  • 1974–1976: Ambassador to the United Nations (New York City)
  • 1978–1980: Ambassador to the United Nations (Geneva)
  • 1984–1986: Deputy to the National Constituent Assembly
  • 1986–1991: Magistrate of the Constitutional Court (incl. 1989–1991, President)
  • 1991–1995: Ambassador to Mexico
  • 1995–1996: Minister of Foreign Affairs (under President de León Carpio)
  • 1996–2001: Magistrate of the Constitutional Court (incl. 1997–1998, President)
  • 2004–2006: Congressional deputy, for the Unionist Party
  • 2006–2011: Magistrate of the Constitutional Court (incl. 2006–2007, President)
  • 2015: Vice President of the Republic
  • 2015: President of the Republic

Vice President of Guatemala[edit]

Maldonado served as Vice President of Guatemala from his selection to the position following the resignation of Roxana Baldetti on May 14, 2015, until his accession as President on September 3, 2015.

President of Guatemala[edit]

Maldonado, as Vice President, became acting President of Guatemala on September 3, 2015, upon the confirmation by the Congress of Guatemala of the resignation of President Otto Pérez Molina.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Guatemala judge orders jail for ex-president Perez Molina". BBC News. 4 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Guatemala congress taps Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre VP after Roxana Baldetti resigns in wake of customs scandal". New York Daily News. May 14, 2015. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  3. ^ "Jurist Chosen as Guatemala's New VP". Latin American Herald Tribune. May 16, 2015. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  4. ^ "{title}" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-23. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
  5. ^ "Result of Vote In Guatemala Still Unclear". Washington Post. March 9, 1982.
  6. ^ "Guatemala's New VP Was a Judge Who Axed Rios Montt Conviction". TeleSUR. May 14, 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  7. ^ Cristina Silva (May 21, 2015). "Guatemala President Resignation Scandal Sees Thousands Of Protesters Demonstrate Against Corruption". International Business Times. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  8. ^ "'Resign Now!' Guatemala's Popular Uprising Grows". TeleSUR. May 20, 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Roxana Baldetti
Vice President of Guatemala
2015
Succeeded by
Juan Alfonso Fuentes Soria
Preceded by
Otto Pérez Molina
President of Guatemala
Acting

2015–2016
Succeeded by
Jimmy Morales