1 January 1863 |
Svishtov, Ottoman Empire, now Bulgaria
|Died||11 May 1897O.S.
(aged 34) |
near Radilovo, Bulgaria
|Notable works||To Chicago and Back, Bay Ganyo|
Aleko Konstantinov (Bulgarian: Алеко Константинов) (1 January 1863 – 11 May 1897)(NS: 13 January 1863 – 23 May 1897) was a Bulgarian writer, best known for his character Bay Ganyo, one of the most popular characters in Bulgarian fiction.
Life and career
Born to an affluent trader in the Danube River town of Svishtov, he attended the Faculty of Law of the Odessa University (old name-Imperial Novorossiya University), graduating in 1885. He worked as a lawyer in Sofia before embarking on a writing career. His first novel (in fact, a collection of relatively independent short stories), Bay Ganyo ("Uncle Ganyo"), describes the travels through Western Europe of an itinerant peddler of rose oil and rugs. Though impertinent and clumsy, the nevertheless ingenious Bay Ganyo has been seen as a mirror for a modernizing Bulgaria. At the beginning of the novel Bay Ganyo is seen mainly as trading rose oil while at the end he is portrayed as a political man. His prototype is the Karlovo tradesman Ganyo Somov.
Konstantinov, a cosmopolitan traveler, was the first Bulgarian to write about his visits to Western Europe and America. His visits to the World Exhibitions in Paris in 1889, Prague in 1891 and Chicago in 1893 provided Bulgarian readers, who had recently gained independence from nearly 500 years of Turkish Ottoman oppression, with a portrait of the developed world. To Chicago and Back (where Bay Ganyo appears once again, but only as a third plan person), his travel notes from his American trip, spurred a lasting interest in Chicago, which today boasts the largest concentration of Bulgarian immigrants in the United States. Nowadays there's a bust of the writer in the University of Chicago's Regenstein Library. 
Hе was assassinated in 1897 near Radilovo while traveling to Peshtera, most likely by mistake with the intended target being his friend (a local politician), with whom he had changed places in their coach shortly before the fatal shot. However, there exists also a version that his essays, exposing the hidden insidious intentions of the rulers of his day, led to his assassination.
Aleko Konstantinov initiated the tourist movement in Bulgaria. This is why two of Vitosha's hotels are named after him – "Aleko" and "Shtastlivetsa" ("The Lucky Man", the nickname he gave to himself in one of his short stories).
- "Chicago, a little Bulgarian capital across the Ocean – V". www.big.bg. Retrieved 2008-05-04.
- Bulgarian National Bank. Notes and Coins in Circulation: 100 levs. – Retrieved on 26 March 2009.
- Gavrail Panchev: Aleko Konstantinov – Biografia 1
- Gavrail Panchev: Aleko Konstantinov – Biografia 2
- Gavrail Panchev: Ubiistvoto Na Aleko Konstantinov. Literaturen forum 1997; ISBN 954-8121-85-9
- Bai Ganyo: incredible tales of a modern Bulgarian, various translators, University of Wisconsin Press (2010) ISBN 0-299-23694-3